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Breguet Br.14

Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
HISTORY
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
DATA
Overview



The Breguet 14 represented the single-most important aircraft flying for French forces in World War One.
History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 2/2/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Br.14 series (sometimes written as Breguet Br.XIV). The aircraft proved to be of the utmost reliability and lethality upon entering the war front in 1916 and would go on to become the single-most important aircraft of the French flying forces during the whole course of the war. The Breguet's successes continued in the post-war years as total production rang up an astounding 7,800 examples, with more than 2,500 appearing after the war ended in 1918.

From a visual perspective, the Br.14 was very utilitarian in appearance. The system was fielded with a powerful Renault 12 Fcy water-cooled inline engine that generated an impressive 300 horsepower. Crew accommodations amounted to a pilot seated in front and behind the Renault engine with the gunner/observer directly behind him. This seating array was optimal in that it provided a clear line of communications between both parties along with excellent visibility particularly from the rear cockpit position. The aircraft was armed with a single 7.7mm forward-fixed Lewis machine gun and an additional defensive set of 7.7mm Lewis machine guns on a mounting in the rear cockpit. External stores could be carried when in the full bomber role.

Designed in the summer of 1916 by the aviation firm led by Louis Breguet, the Breguet 14 was all set to fly operationally by the following year. Construction allowed the aircraft to absorb a lot of punishment from both performance and enemy fire. The structure was comprised mainly of duralumin and steel with wood along with a fabric covering. Light alloy panels were used in the design as additional landing gear supports allowing the Breguet 14 a sense of rugged durability. Initial orders came in the form of a two-seat artillery observer and a two-seat dedicated bomber. The bomber variant featured some notable changes over the artillery observer including an increased wing span.

Beyond that, the Br.14 could be found in various other forms including a single-seat pilot derivative and the all-important air ambulance. The system was fielded throughout the war since its inception and would also see operational service along France's colonial lines. The system as a whole would continually see service in frontline French forces up until 1932, a testament to the durability and capabilities of this fine machine.




Specifications

YEAR: 1917
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Breguet Aviation - France
PRODUCTION: 7,800
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 29.10 ft (8.87 m)
WIDTH: 48.92 ft (14.91 m)
HEIGHT: 10.83 ft (3.3 m)
EMPTY WEIGHT: 2,282 lb (1,035 kg)
MTOW: 3,483 lb (1,580 kg)
POWER: 1 x Renault 12 Fcy water-cooled inline engine developing 300 horsepower driving a two-bladed wooden propeller at the nose.
SPEED: 121 mph (195 kph; 105 kts)
CEILING: 13,993 feet (4,265 m; 2.65 miles)
RANGE: 301 miles (485 km; 262 nm)
OPERATORS: Belgium; Brazil; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; El Salvador; Estonia; Finalnd; France; Greece; Guatemala; Japan; Lithuania; Iran; Paraguay; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Soviet Union; Serbia; Sweden; Taiwan; Thailand (Siam); Turkey; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia
Armament



STANDARD:
1 x 7.7mm Lewis Machine Gun in fixed, forward-firing position.
2 x 7.7mm Lewis Machine Guns on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 573 lb of externally-held drop bombs.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants / Models



• AV Type XIV - Initial Model Designation
• Type 14
• Br.14 - Main Series Designation
• Br.14A2 - Two-Seat Artillery Observation Variant.
• Br.14B2 - Two-Seat Bomber Variant; increased wingspan; flaps positioned on trailing edges of wings lower wing element.
• Br.14B.1 - Single-Seat Bomber
• Br.14S - Ambulance Variant
• Br.14 TOE - Post-War Model used mainly on colonial fronts.








Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (121mph).

Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Breguet Br.14B2's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (7,800)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
7800
7800

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.




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