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Breguet Br.14

France (1917)
Picture of Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft
Picture of Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft Picture of Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft

The Breguet 14 represented the single-most important aircraft flying for French forces in World War One.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 4/22/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Br.14 series (sometimes written as Breguet Br.XIV). The aircraft proved to be of the utmost reliability and lethality upon entering the war front in 1916 and would go on to become the single-most important aircraft of the French flying forces during the whole course of the war. The Breguet's successes continued in the post-war years as total production rang up an astounding 7,800 examples, with more than 2,500 appearing after the war ended in 1918.

From a visual perspective, the Br.14 was very utilitarian in appearance. The system was fielded with a powerful Renault 12 Fcy water-cooled inline engine that generated an impressive 300 horsepower. Crew accommodations amounted to a pilot seated in front and behind the Renault engine with the gunner/observer directly behind him. This seating array was optimal in that it provided a clear line of communications between both parties along with excellent visibility particularly from the rear cockpit position. The aircraft was armed with a single 7.7mm forward-fixed Lewis machine gun and an additional defensive set of 7.7mm Lewis machine guns on a mounting in the rear cockpit. External stores could be carried when in the full bomber role.


Picture of the Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft
Picture of the Breguet Br.14 Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft


Designed in the summer of 1916 by the aviation firm led by Louis Breguet, the Breguet 14 was all set to fly operationally by the following year. Construction allowed the aircraft to absorb a lot of punishment from both performance and enemy fire. The structure was comprised mainly of duralumin and steel with wood along with a fabric covering. Light alloy panels were used in the design as additional landing gear supports allowing the Breguet 14 a sense of rugged durability. Initial orders came in the form of a two-seat artillery observer and a two-seat dedicated bomber. The bomber variant featured some notable changes over the artillery observer including an increased wing span.

Beyond that, the Br.14 could be found in various other forms including a single-seat pilot derivative and the all-important air ambulance. The system was fielded throughout the war since its inception and would also see operational service along France's colonial lines. The system as a whole would continually see service in frontline French forces up until 1932, a testament to the durability and capabilities of this fine machine.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (121mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Breguet Br.14B2's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
7800
7800


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: France
Service Year: 1917
Classification Type: Biplane Reconnaissance / Fighter / Bomber Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Breguet Aviation - France
Production Units: 7,800
Global Operators:
Belgium; Brazil; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; El Salvador; Estonia; Finalnd; France; Greece; Guatemala; Japan; Lithuania; Iran; Paraguay; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Soviet Union; Serbia; Sweden; Taiwan; Thailand (Siam); Turkey; United States; Uruguay; Yugoslavia
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Breguet Br.14B2 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
29.10 ft


Meters
8.87 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
48.92 ft


Meters
14.91 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
10.83 ft


Meters
3.3 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
2,282 lb


Kilograms
1,035 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
3,483 lb


Kilograms
1,580 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Renault 12 Fcy water-cooled inline engine developing 300 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
121 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
195 kph


Knots
105 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
301 mi


Kilometers
485 km


Nautical Miles
262 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
13,993 ft


Meters
4,265 m


Miles
2.65 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (4):

STANDARD:
1 x 7.7mm Lewis machine gun in forward-fixed firing position.
2 x 7.7mm Lewis machine guns on mounting in rear cockpit.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 573 lb of external ordnance.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• AV Type XIV - Initial Model Designation
• Type 14
• Br.14 - Main Series Designation
• Br.14A2 - Two-Seat Artillery Observation Variant.
• Br.14B2 - Two-Seat Bomber Variant; increased wingspan; flaps positioned on trailing edges of wings lower wing element.
• Br.14B.1 - Single-Seat Bomber
• Br.14S - Ambulance Variant
• Br.14 TOE - Post-War Model used mainly on colonial fronts.