Model Variants (Including Prototypes)
Tu-95PLO - Original ASW variant studied by Tupolev
Tu-142 ("Bear-F") - Base series designation; based on the Tu-95 with lengthened fuselage and 1 x 23mm tail gun; revised wings with additional surface area; revised undercarriage for unprepared runway use; search radar in ventral radome; overwater navigation systems support and clearance for various naval-minded munitions.
Tu-142M ("Bear-F Mod I") - Lengthened fuselage; revised cockpit flight deck; simplified undercarriage; weight-savings initiative to promote better field performance.
Tu-142M ("Bear-F Mod II") - Lengthened fuselage; Mod I undercarriage.
Tu-142MK ("Bear-F Mod III") - Improved Tu-142M with new radar, avionics and sub-hunting equipment; 43 examples produced replacing Mod II models.
Tu-142MK-E - Export variant with reduced mission functionality and English labeling; Indian Navy sole customer of eight examples.
Tu-142MZ - Upgraded Tu-142Ms with new Kuznetsov NK-12MP engines of 14,795 horsepower each; self-starting engine capability; updated avionics; revised chin fairing; improved ECM.
Tu-142MZ-K - Proposed commercial cargo freighter based on the Tu-142MZ; appropriately demilitarized; not produced.
Tu-142MP - Avionics testbed; converted from existing Tu-142M airframe.
Tu-142MR ("Bear-J") - Modified Tu-142MK for submarine communications relay role.
Tu-142LL - Turbofan-based test airframes; two examples.