×
Military Pay Scale Military Ranks Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines
HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
SECRET WEAPONS OF THE LUFTWAFFE
WORLD WAR 2
X-PLANE

Focke-Wulf Fw Jumo 222C/D


Heavy Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Concept


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Focke-Wulf of Germany sought a way to mate a fighter airframe with the bomber-oriented Junkers Jumo 222 engine- the concept coming to nothing.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/5/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
In 1939, German aircraft and aero-engine manufacturer Junkers ran its Jumo 222 for the first time. The design was a multi-bank, high-performance inline piston engine intended for medium-to-heavy strategic-level bomber aircraft much needed by the Luftwaffe as World War 2 grew in its scope. Indeed, before the end, the powerplant was the centerpiece for the short-lived Junkers Ju 288 strategic bomber (22 examples produced) as well as the Focke-Wulf Fw 191 prototype medium bomber (3 examples produced). At any rate, the engine failed to make the sort of splash required of it in wartime and manufacture of the powerplant ended with just 298 units being completed (this across seven distinct variants).

Nevertheless, this bomber-oriented engine caught the attention of famous Focke-Wulf engineer Kurt Tank, designer of the Fw 190 single-seat, single-engine fighter and its successors. Tank began looking into ways to employ the new, untested Jumo 222 in a heavy fighter design. The inherent performance and power offered by the promising engine, mated to an effective airframe, had the makings of an excellent interception platform.

Early work on the idea looked at coupling the engine with the existing frame of the Fw 190 fighter but this initiative fell to naught. In 1942, company engineers looked to revitalize the idea by generating an all-new airframe around the engine. The resulting project, as well as its intended engine, was started and stopped multiple times between then and the end of the war in 1945 - but before it's official end, Focke-Wulf had fleshed out a promising fighter/interceptor concept centered on the Jump 222C/D engine models - these rated up to 3,000 horsepower during take-off.

The fighter, designated Fw "Jumo C/D" for the purposes of this article, borrowed the proven arrangement of the American wartime Bell P-39 "Airacobra" which seated its inline piston engine aft of the cockpit driving the nose-mounted propeller by way of a shaft running under the cockpit floor. The Jumo engine was placed at midships with the cockpit forward and a short nose assembly tapered to an oversized spinner driving a four-bladed, 14.5 foot diameter propeller unit.

The mainplanes were straight in their general form, though with slight tapering of the leading edge, and low-mounted along the sides of the fuselage and completed with rounded tips. The fuselage extended aft towards the empennage which carried a rounded vertical tail fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. Ground-running would be accomplished by a three-wheeled tail-dragger arrangement with the main legs retracting inwards under the wings and the tail wheel supporting the extreme aft end of the aircraft.

The engine's placement aft of the pilot led to a raised dorsal line which restricted views to the absolute rear of the fighter - a detrimental quality in combat. However, the size and fuel requirement of the engine necessitated such design choices. Exhaust ports were positioned to either side of the fuselage at midships (as seen in the P-39) with smallish air scoops also identified along the sides.

Proposed armament included a single 30mm MK 103 series automatic cannon set up to fire through the propeller hub - similar in its function to the P-39 as well as the Messerschmitt Bf 109. 2 x Mk 108 automatic cannons would be seated at the wing roots, one gun per root, giving the fighter considerable firepower against any foe of the day.

An alternative fitting involved 2 x 20mm MG 151 automatic cannons at the fuselage along with 4 x 20mm MG 151 automatic cannons in the wings. The MG 151 wing-mounted units could also be replaced with 4 x 30mm Mk 108 cannons as needed.

Still another alternative fit was to involve 2 x 30mm Mk 103 cannons at the fuselage with 4 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in the wings. Again, 30mm Mk 108 cannons could take the place of the wing-mounted weapons.

In the fighter-bomber role, it was intended that the aircraft carry either 1 x 2,200lb bomb under fuselage centerline or a single 1,100lb bomb under each wing member.

Dimensions of the proposed fighter included a running length of 40.7 feet with a span of 37.8 feet and a height of 13.3 feet. Estimated weights included an empty rating of 9,500lb and a take-off rating of 14,000lb. Estimated performance from the Jumo 222 and the proposed airframe included a maximum speed near 465 miles-per-hour with a service ceiling reaching 35,000 feet.

Despite all this, the Fw Jumo 222C/D fighter/interceptor concept amounted to nothing as Germany's war fortunes deteriorated with each passing month - leading to its capitulation in May of 1945 and the formal end of the war in Europe shortly thereafter.


Specifications



Year:
1943
Status
Cancelled
Crew
1
Production
0 Units
Focke-Wulf - Nazi Germany
National flag of Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (abandoned)
- Fighter
- Interception
- Ground Attack
- Close-Air Support (CAS)
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
40.68 ft (12.4 m)
Width:
37.73 ft (11.5 m)
Height:
13.29 ft (4.05 m)
Empty Weight:
9,568 lb (4,340 kg)
MTOW:
13,955 lb (6,330 kg)
(Diff: +4,387lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Focke-Wulf Fw Jumo 222C/D production model)
1 x Junkers Jumo 222C or D four-row liquid-cooled radial engine developing 3,000 horsepower in aft placement driving four-bladed propeller unit at the nose by way of drive shaft.
Max Speed:
466 mph (750 kph; 405 kts)
Service Ceiling:
37,402 feet (11,400 m; 7.08 miles)
Max Range:
839 miles (1,350 km; 729 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
1,550 ft/min (472 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Focke-Wulf Fw Jumo 222C/D production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED:
1 x 30mm MK 103 automatic cannon firing through the propeller hub.
2 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons in wings (one gun per wing).

ALTERNATIVE:
2 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in fuselage placement.
4 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in wings (two guns per wing) OR 4 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in wings (two guns per wing).

ALTERNATIVE:
2 x 30mm MK 103 cannons in fuselage.
4 x 20mm MG 151 cannons in wings (two guns per wing) OR 4 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in wings (two guns per wing).

OPTIONAL (Fighter-Bomber role):
1 x 2,200lb conventional drop bomb under fuselage centerline OR 2 x 1,100lb drop bombs under the wings (one bomb to a wing).
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Focke-Wulf Fw Jumo 222C/D production model)
Fw Jumo 222C/D - Base Project Name; concept only.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-