×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Global Military Ranks
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
GOLDEN AGE
WORLD WAR 1
X-PLANE

Daimler L14


Twin-Seat Escort Fighter Prototype


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image from the San Diego Air and Space Museum image archives.

The Daimler L14 was the last fighter entry attempted by the company on behalf of the German effort during World War 1.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/7/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
German automotive specialist Daimler was tasked by authorities to assist in aircraft and aero-engine production during The Great War (1914-1918). In response, the company arranged an aircraft division during the summer of 1915 and soon thereafter began construction of various products including the Friedrichshafen G.III heavy bomber (detailed elsewhere on this site). In 1917, the company introduced their own in-house biplane fighter design in the single-seat "D.I". This development was, in fact, taken into service by the Germans but only six of the type were produced before the end of the war (November 1918). Then followed the twin-seat "CL.I" (proposed escort fighter, prototype only), the single-seat "D.II" (evolved D.I, prototype only), and the single-seat "L11" (prototype only).

The end of the Daimler military aircraft line arrived with the "L14".

As the L9 was an evolution of the earlier L6 biplane fighter so too was the L14 an evolution of the earlier L11. It retained the monoplane parasol-style mainplane which sat above the fuselage and the member was supported through thick struts - enhancing out-of-the-cockpit vision when compared to biplanes of the period. The wing tips had the same swiveling function as the L11, giving better control, while streamlining was apparent in all of Daimler's designs with the L14 being no exception - the oversized spinner sat at the extreme front of the fighter followed by an elegantly-shaped fuselage. A conventional empennage and undercarriage were fitted to round out the basic features.

Like other Daimler designs, the L14 carried the Daimler D.IIIb V8 water-cooled engine, this fitted to the nose in the usual way, driving a two-bladed propeller unit (fixed pitch).

The key change from the L11 was the introduction of a second cockpit for a second crewman acting as an observer/dedicated machine gunner. The two crew were seated in open-air cockpits in tandem.

With its twin crew, the aircraft was expected to fulfill the role of escort fighter, retaining all combat aspects of a dedicated fighter type. The pilot was afforded a single 7.92mm LMG 08/15 air-cooled, belt-fed machine gun in a fixed, forward-firing mounting and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades. At the observer's cockpit was a single 7.92mm Parabellum air-cooled machine gun of similar function though mounted atop a flexible system for more precise aiming.

Only a single prototype was completed by the time the war drew to a close in November of 1918. The Armistice ended the war and left the L14 without a buyer. Daimler attempted to interest the Chilean government during 1919 in a modified, mail-carrying form of its L14 (as the L14V) along with the earlier CL.I (modified to a similar civilian market standard) but these initiatives came to naught.

As test-flown, the L14 had a maximum speed of 128 miles-per-hour and a range out to 435 miles. Rate-of-climb reached 1,060 feet-per-minute. Empty weight measured 1,920lb against an MTOW of 2,800lb. Dimensions included a running length of a wingspan of 40.4 feet.


Specifications



Year:
1919
Status
Cancelled
Crew
2
[ 1 Units ] :
Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (Daimler) - German Empire
National flag of German Empire German Empire (cancelled)
- Fighter
- X-Plane / Developmental
Width:
40.35 ft (12.3 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Daimler L14 production model)
Empty Weight:
1,918 lb (870 kg)
MTOW:
2,800 lb (1,270 kg)
(Diff: +882lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Daimler L14 production model)
1 x Daimler D.IIIb V8 water-cooled engine developing 185 horsepower driving two-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Daimler L14 production model)
Max Speed:
127 mph (205 kph; 111 kts)
Max Range:
435 miles (700 km; 378 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
1,060 ft/min (323 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Daimler L14 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED:
1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 air-cooled machine gun in fixed, forward-firing mounting over the nose.
1 x 7.92mm Parabellum machine on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Daimler L14 production model)
L14 - Base Series Designation; single, flyable example completed.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-