Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships
Icon of a dollar sign
Icon of military officer saluting
National Flag Graphic

Messerschmitt Bf 109 (JumoJet)

Single-Seat, Jet-Powered Fighter Study

OVERVIEW
HISTORY
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
DATA
Overview



The goal of this Messerschmitt project was to produce a jet-powered form of its classic Bf 109 piston-driven fighter.
History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 (JumoJet) Single-Seat, Jet-Powered Fighter Study.  Entry last updated on 8/6/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
As World War 2 (1939-1945) progressed, German fortunes in the war took a turn for the worse during 1943-1944. The Allied bombing campaign proved one of the major factors in Germany beginning to switch its approach to a defensive-minded war in the air - one centered on fighters and interceptors armed with cannons and rockets. This led to a bevy of designs intended to meet the growing threat and stave off elimination and, while the turbojet was clearly the path to the future, the piston-engined fighter was here to stay for at least a while longer, the type having yet to reach its pinnacle.

As such, there was thought given to a "bridge" fighter design of sorts, that is, an existing airframe that could rather conveniently be converted to a jet-powered form by relatively simple installation of a turbojet in place of the piston engine. This led to a series of design studies from the usual German defense players, namely Focke-Wulf (makers of the war-winning Fw 190) and Messerschmitt (developers of the classic Bf 109) centered around this concept. For Focke-Wulf, this focused on the Fw 190 and, for Messerschmitt, this led to the Bf 109.

The eventual goal, beyond developing a tide-turning, high-performance fighter, was to create a single-seat, jet-powered platform utilizing as many existing components of in-service aircraft as possible. This would help to lower costs and shorten development times, ushering the new fighter into service perhaps within months. As the Bf 109 was available in quantity from German factories, the airframe was an excellent candidate for such a procedure - all this while the complex jet-powered Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" was still in-development (it would be formally introduced in April of 1944).

The result of this study by Messerschmitt was an aircraft that was to retain the middle-aft fuselage section, tail, and cockpit of the Bf 109 - leaving the nose, some of the undercarriage, and the wing mainplanes to still be developed. The "tail-dragger" undercarriage of the original was replaced by a tricycle form in which the nose leg was borrowed from a left-over Me 309 prototype fighter (four prototypes were completed, the project ended in 1943) but the main legs were to be scratch-developed/built. Beyond this, engineers were forced to fabricate all-new wing mainplanes for the speeds expected from turbojet flight as well as an all-new lengthened nose assembly to house the intended cannon armament. The turbojet engines would be underslung at each wing member (as in the Me 262) giving excellent access for ground crews and keeping the fuselage clear for armament, avionics, and fuel stores.

Engineers soon found it difficult to procure parts from existing assembly lines simply due to wartime demand.

The cockpit, seating one, was heavily framed in the usual Bf 109 way and seated at the absolute center of the fighter. This presented issues with pilot vision for the long nose, low-mounted wings (with their underslung engine pods) as well as the raised fuselage spine aft of the cockpit all restricted critical views during ground-running and in-air action. The tricycle undercarriage was all-retractable with the nose leg folding back under the nose and the main legs pulling inwards towards fuselage centerline. All of the armament was to be concentrated at the nose (as in the Me 262) and centered on a battery of 4 x 30mm MK108 automatic cannons (as in the Me 262) or a mixed assortment involving 1 x 20mm MG151 automatic cannon with 2 x 30mm MK108 automatic cannons - the idea being that this weapons "pack" could be replaced as-needed based on supply-and-demand.

All told, the fighter had a running length of 30.1 feet, a wingspan of 42.6 feet, and a height of 8.5 feet. Loaded weight would reach 10,500lb. Power was to come from 2 x Junkers Jumo 004B-1 air-breathing turbojet engines developing 1,985lb of dry thrust each.

As this jet-powered Bf 109 form was never constructed, no performance specifications were realized (numbers on this page as estimates on the part of the author, based in the Me 262). It appears that there proved too many technical- and cost-related issues to "simply convert" and existing piston-powered fighter form to that of turbojet power and thus the various design ideas of the wartime period centered around this thinking eventually fell to history.




Specifications

YEAR: 1943
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Messerschmitt - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 30.18 ft (9.2 m)
WIDTH: 42.65 ft (13 m)
HEIGHT: 8.53 ft (2.6 m)
EMPTY WEIGHT: 7,716 lb (3,500 kg)
MTOW: 14,330 lb (6,500 kg)
POWER: PROPOSED: 2 x Junkers Jumo 004B-1 developing 1,985lb of thrust.
SPEED: 528 mph (850 kph; 459 kts)
CEILING: 36,089 feet (11,000 m; 6.84 miles)
RANGE: 559 miles (900 km; 486 nm)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 3,500 ft/min (1,067 m/min)
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany (abandoned)
Armament



PROPOSED, ASSUMED:
4 x 30mm MK108 automatic cannons OR 1 x 20mm MG151 automatic cannon with 2 x 30mm MK108 automatic cannons in the nose assembly (as a replaceable weapons pack).
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Variants / Models



• Bf 109 (Jumo 004) - Base Project Designation.








Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (528mph).

Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Messerschmitt Bf 109's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (0)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.




Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo