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Blohm and Voss Bv P.210 (Volksjager)

Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Proposal

OVERVIEW
HISTORY
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
DATA
Overview



Another abandoned, forgotten Blohm-und-Voss fighter project of World War 2 - the P.210 - utilized a unique configuration.
History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.210 (Volksjager) Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Proposal.  Entry last updated on 8/5/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The "Volksjager" program - or "People's Fighter" began in September of 1944 as an offshoot of the "Emergency Fighter Program" (EFP) with the goal of finding a design that could be cheaply produced, at speed, and in the numbers needed to curtail the Allied bomber onslaught afflicting Germany in World War 2 (1939-1945). In addition to this, the aircraft would have to be reasonably simple to fly and maintain, lending itself well to the stock of raw recruits envisioned to pilot the People's Fighter. The largely disposable design was written around a requirement for a lightweight, high-speed fighter-interceptor powered by a single BMW 003 series turbojet engine.

While many entries were considered, winner rights fell to the Heinkel He 162 with its over-fuselage jet-mounted engine and split tail arrangement. Despite some 320 units being constructed before war's end in 1945, what aircraft of this stock were available for fighting did little to change Germany's fortunes in its failing war effort.

Another concept was drawn up by ship-builder and large aeroplane-maker Blohm-und-Voss (BV) which proposed futuristic-looking designs like the Bv P.210. This aircraft was a further evolution of the company's proposed P.209.01. The P.210 was of extremely compact dimensions and well-streamlined for the expected high-speed flying envelopes. It was to fit its BMW 003A-1/B turbojet of 1,765lb - 1,800lb thrust output directly into the aft section of the fuselage, aspirated at the nose by a small, rounded intake and exhausted at the rear through a similar fitting. The cockpit was positioned over the ductwork and towards the nose with little framing used for excellent vision for the single pilot. A wholly retractable tricycle undercarriage was penciled in for ground-running. Construction of the aircraft would have involved steel.

The primary interesting quality of this little fighter were its mainplanes: set low against the sides of the fuselage and at midships. These members were given substantial sweepback along both the leading and trailing edges, so much so that the wings terminated at the nearly the same line as the exhaust port. As the fuselage did not mount tail surfaces of any sort, these were installed at the wingtips and slightly cranked downward which, combined with the upward angle of the mainplanes, gave the aircraft a gull-type wing (similar in respect to the Bv P.208 offering detailed elsewhere on this site).

Proposed armament was the typical twin cannon fit: 2 x 30mm MK108 automatic guns, one seated to either side of the nose.

Beyond its turbojet engine propulsion scheme, engineers proposed Rocket-Assisted Take-Offs (RATOs) for their little bomber-interceptor as optional - this designed to get the aircraft to altitude in as little time as possible.

As drawn up, the P.210 had a running length of 23 feet, wingspan of 27.6 feet, and a height of 8.5 feet.

The P.210 eventually suffered from what most of Blohm & Voss's proposals suffered - there simply was not enough interest in radical designs despite the desperate nature of the war heading into 1945. As such, the P.210 fell to the wayside as the He 162 rose to some prominence before the end of the war. Nevertheless, such designs give some insight into the possibilities that were being entertained going into the war's final year - a chance to envision what the air war might have looked like should the conflict had gone on beyond the summer of 1945.




Specifications

YEAR: 1945
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 23.29 ft (7.1 m)
WIDTH: 27.56 ft (8.4 m)
HEIGHT: 8.53 ft (2.6 m)
EMPTY WEIGHT: 5,512 lb (2,500 kg)
MTOW: 7,716 lb (3,500 kg)
POWER: 1 x BMW 003A-1/B turbojet engine developing 1,765lb to 1,800lb of thrust.
SPEED: 466 mph (750 kph; 405 kts)
CEILING: 39,370 feet (12,000 m; 7.46 miles)
RANGE: 249 miles (400 km; 216 nm)
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany (abandoned)
Armament



PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK108 automatic cannons in sides of forward fuselage (one gun to a side).
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Variants / Models



• P.210 - Base Series Designation; design study work only.








Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (466mph).

Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Blohm and Voss Bv P.210's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (0)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.




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