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Blohm and Voss Bv P.211

Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Interceptor

Blohm and Voss Bv P.211

Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Interceptor

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The Blohm and Voss Bv P.211 competed unsuccessfully against the design that would become the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager jet fighter in World War 2.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1945
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany (cancelled)
National flag of Germany
GER
National flag of Nazi Germany
GER
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Blohm and Voss Bv P.211 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
POWER: 1 x BMW 003A-1 turbojet engine developing 1,765lb of thrust.
ADVERTISEMENTS
EMPTY WGT

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M.T.O.W.

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SPEED (MAX)

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CEILING

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RANGE

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nautical miles
CLIMB RATE

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meters-per-minute
Armament



PROPOSED:
2 x 20mm MG 151/20 automatic cannons OR 2 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons.
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Variants / Models



• P.211 - Base Project Designation.
• P.211.01 - Proposed variant one.
• P.211.02 - Proposed variant two.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.211 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Interceptor.  Entry last updated on 6/24/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The intensity and success of the Allied day and night aerial bombing campaigns against Germany in World War 2 (1939-1945) prompted Luftwaffe officials to seek whatever counter could be had. This led to the establishment of the "Emergency Fighter Program" (EFP) of July 1944 that called for an economically-minded, single-seat, single-engine "fighter-interceptor" to combat the massed formations of heavy bombers as well as their accompanying escort fighters. While most of the usual defense industry players were approached in September of 1944, just two designs were officially accepted for further development - one originating from Blohm & Voss and the other from Heinkel.

The program was officially known to the Air Ministry as the "Volksjager", or the "People's Fighter", and intended for the final defense of Germany.

Part of the requirement was use of a single BMW 003D turbojet engine to achieve the desired performance - intended to best that of any contemporary Allied fighter such as the definitive forms of the North American P-51 "Mustang" and Supermarine "Spitfire". To this was added an overall weight limitation of no more than 4,400lb. The aircraft would have to rely on the least amount of strategic war material as possible (due to dwindling supplies), be relatively easy to mass-produce (by way of unskilled labor), and fly for at least thirty minutes after take-off. Production was expected to reach into the thousands monthly and pilots would be pulled from the stock of hastily-trained "Hitler Youth".

Authorities called for detailed design work to be made available as soon as September 14th, 1944 and the first combat-ready aircraft should be available as soon as January 1st, 1945 - such was the expediency of the program and the desperate situation for Germany by this time. In essence, the design teams were given about four months to bring their aircraft from paper to physical, operating form - quite the optimistic undertake to be sure.

The Blohm & Voss submission (credited to Richard Vogt) became the "Bv P.211" of which two distinct forms of this same aircraft were proposed. The Bv P.211.01 seated its sole turbojet within the fuselage, aspirated by a nose-mounted intake and exhausted through a port under a tail stem structure. The single pilot sat under a largely unobstructed canopy with good views out-of-the-cockpit. The tail unit was of conventional arrangement (single rudder, twin horizontal planes) and this was held at the extreme aft-end of a stem extending out over the fuselage rear. The mainplanes were low-mounted at the fuselage sides and positioned at midships with sweepback found along both the leading and trailing edges. A manually-retracting, wheeled tricycle undercarriage would be used for ground-running (lowering the gear was through simple physics).

The counterpart Bv P.211.02 offering was simplified with shoulder-mounted, straight-lined mainplanes (of constant chord) to ease development and serial per-unit production. All other physical and technical qualities of the P.211.01 were carried over into the P.211.02 proposal.

The P.211 fighter was proposed with a maximum speed of 537 miles-per-hour and could reach altitudes between 25,000 and 30,000 feet. With this in mind, it is assumed cockpit pressurization and an ejection seat would have been part of the aircraft's make-up. Armament as most likely to be the usual German late-war loadout of 2 x 30mm MK 108 heavy autocannons - enough punch to take down any Allied heavy bomber in a single burst. The guns would have been embedded in the lower frontal fuselage sides.

Of the submissions taken into consideration, German authorities initially elected to push the Blohm & Voss design through in a decision undertaken on September 19th, 1944. However, the availability of an impressive-looking mockup for Heinkel's P.1073 led to the decision being rescinded and the contract awarded to Heinkel instead no more than a week later.

The P.1073 was quickly evolved under the "Salamander" name to become the "Volksjager" fighter of World War 2 history - while it was also known to Heinkel as the "Spatz" ("Sparrow"). This aircraft, with its dorsally-mounted engine and upward-cranked tailplanes, went on to be produced in the hundreds but held little impact in the outcome of the war as the Allies ultimately closed in on their production and operating locations.

No P.211 aircraft were ever completed while the He 162 went on to see a short-lived service life due to the end of the war in 1945.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (485mph).

Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
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  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Blohm and Voss Bv P.211's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (0)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
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Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
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Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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