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North American NA-116

Four-Engined Heavy Bomber Proposal

North American NA-116

Four-Engined Heavy Bomber Proposal

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The North American NA-116 twin-boom heavy bomber was proposed during the middle of World War 2 but was not furthered.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1943
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): North American Aviation - USA
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: United States (abandoned)
National flag of United States
USA
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the North American NA-116 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW:
POWER: 4 x Pratt & Whitney PW XR-4360-SSSG-21-5 engines developing 3,000 horsepower each and driving three-bladed propeller units (each) in counter-rotating fashion.
ADVERTISEMENTS
LENGTH

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WIDTH / SPAN

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SPEED (MAX)

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CEILING

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RANGE

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Armament



STANDARD (PROPOSED):
2 OR 4 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 Heavy Machine Guns (HMGs) in nose turret.
2 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 HMGs in fuselage dorsal turret.
2 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 HMGs at port side tailboom.
2 x 0.50 caliber Browning M2 HMGs at starboard side tailboom.
2 x 20mm autocannons in rear fuselage turret.
2 x 20mm autocannons at extreme end of port side tailboom.
2 x 20mm autocannons at extreme end of starboard side tailboom.

OPTIONAL (PROPOSED):
Up to 34,000lb of internal drop ordnance (bombs) held in three internal bomb bays (at fuselage and both booms).
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants / Models



• NA-116 - Base Project Designation; design brochure completed.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the North American NA-116 Four-Engined Heavy Bomber Proposal.  Entry last updated on 3/28/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
In 1943 (with the American involvement in World War 2 in full swing), a design study was completed by engineers of North American Aviation for a heavy-class bomber aircraft for U.S. Material Command. This resulted in the NA-116 proposal which came about at a time when development of the Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" heavy bomber was moving towards flight-testing and eventual service entry (to come in May of 1944). The NA-116 failed to provide any benefit over what the B-29 was already giving to the USAAF so the design fell to aviation history.

The proposed aircraft was a large specimen incorporating a twin-boom configuration, a rarity for an oversized bomber type. To this was added a four-engine arrangement (although a twin-engined form was also entertained), each engine installation driving counter-rotating three-bladed propeller units. A large mainplane was affixed at shoulder height and ran over a centralized fuselage nacelle structure. The twin booms extended beyond the trailing edge of each wing mainplane and terminated at individual rudders, these joined by a high-mounted, shared horizontal plane. To this was added a rather modern, retractable tricycle undercarriage, each leg carrying a dual-wheel configuration.

Inside, there was to be a crew of twelve made up of two pilots, a navigator (also doubling as the bombardier), a radio operator (doubling as a machine gunner) and no fewer than eight dedicated machine gunners spread about the internals of the aircraft.

The proposed defensive armament scheme involved a nose turret, dorsal turret, and rear turret at the end of the fuselage nacelle. Additionally, there were to be dorsal turrets at the midway run of each tail boom as well as at the end of each tail boom. The nose gunner would manage up to 4 x 0.50 caliber heavy machine guns while the dorsal turret had 2 x 0.50 cal HMGs installed side-by-side. Each dorsal boom turret was outfitted with 2 x 0.50 caliber HMGs as well. 2 x 20mm autocannons would be positioned at the end of the fuselage in a trainable mounting. The tail boom gun positions would each sport 2 x 20mm autocannons. All told, this equaled 10 x 0.50 caliber HMGs (though as many as 14 may have been carried before the end) and 6 x 20mm autocannons.

Beyond the standard armament was an internal bomb load of up to 34,000lb of drop stores. The bomb bays were integrated ventrally into the fuselage nacelle as well as each tail boom.

As drawn up, the bomber was to have a running length of 85.8 feet with a wing span of 154 feet. Gross weight would have reached between 80,000lb and 132,000lb. The estimated range of the aircraft was 5,000 miles on a full war load and fully-fueled.

For power, the bomber would have carried four of the experimental Pratt & Whitney PW XR-4360-SSG21-5 engines of 3,450 horsepower, these used to drive the counter-rotating propeller blades at each engine nacelle.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (373mph).

Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
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  NYC
Graph showcases the North American NA-116's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (0)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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