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Hawker P.1056

Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft Proposal

Hawker P.1056

Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft Proposal

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The Hawker P.1056 was drawn up to a post-World War 2 night-fighter specification - it was not furthered.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1947
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Hawker Aircraft - UK
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: United Kingdom (abandoned)
National flag of United Kingdom
UK
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Hawker P.1056 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
POWER: 2 x Rolls-Royce AJ.65 ("Axial Jet", to become the RR "Avon" series) turbojet engines developing 6,500lb of thrust each.
ADVERTISEMENTS
LENGTH

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WIDTH / SPAN

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M.T.O.W.

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SPEED (MAX)

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CEILING

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CLIMB RATE

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Armament



PROPOSED:
4 x 30mm ADEN autocannons under nose.
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Variants / Models



• P.1056 - Base Project Designation.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Hawker P.1056 Dedicated Night-Fighter Aircraft Proposal.  Entry last updated on 3/12/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Towards the close of World War 2 in 1945, the turbojet engine was already establishing itself as the future of aerial warfare. This was the fruit of all of the major powers of the conflict investing, to varying degrees, in the development of an effective and reliable turbojet engine unit for which power a new-generation of combat warplane for wars still to come. One of the nations at the forefront of jet technology during the period was Britain and one of their notable achievements in the post-war world was the Rolls-Royce AJ.65 ("Axial Jet") engine - better remembered as the "Avon".

The AJ.65 became the world's first axial-flow turbojet, seeing production reach in excess of 11,000 units. This powerplant went on to drive a bevy of airplanes for the West during the Cold War-era: the English Electric Lightning, Hawker Hunter, and Saab Draken were just some of the classic designs. So when a new Specification (F.44/46) by the British Air Ministry came up in January of 1947 calling for a dedicated, jet-powered, radar-equipped night-fighter, the AJ.65 became the centerpiece of a design by Hawker Aircraft known as the "P.1056".

The P.1056's design lines were no doubt influenced by the competing, in-service Gloster Meteor twin-jet fighter-bomber, Britain's first operational jet fighter and the only jet-powered platform available to the Allies at the close of World War 2 (1939-1945). The fuselage was well-contoured for aerodynamic efficiency, fitting a rounded, short nosecone at front and tapering elegantly to the rear. The nose was hollowed out to house an Airborne Interception (AI) radar unit and, aft of this, was the cockpit placement intended to seat two crewmembers in tandem (under a lightly-framed, "teardrop-style" canopy). The straight-edged mainplanes, featuring only slight tapering at the leading and trailing edges, would be rounded at the tips and set low against the fuselage sides just ahead of midships. As in the Meteor, the P.1056 was to carry its twin-turbojet configuration (2 x Rolls-Royce AJ.65 of 6,500lb thrust each) in underwing nacelles, these housings formed as part of the mainplane members. The tail unit consisted of a single, rounded vertical tailfin with low-set horizontal planes. For ground-running, a retractable tricycle undercarriage would be used.

Proposed armament was strictly cannon-oriented: 4 x 30mm ADEN autocannons would be buried under the cockpit floor in the nose section of the fuselage. Set low and under the crewmen, muzzle flash would have had a minimal impact during night-time engagements.

The aircraft was projected by company engineers to have a maximum speed of 680 miles-per-hour and a rate-of-climb nearing 11,000 feet-per-minute. These proved two excellent values for a night-fighter to possess: straight-line speed in running down night-time marauders and the ability to get to altitude in short order.

However, despite the promising aspects of this "paper creation", all work on the project was ended in May of 1947. An offshoot design, though also short-lived, became "P.1057". This version followed some of the design traits of the P.1056 but incorporated a large-area, swept-back wing mainplane with wingroot-mounted turbojet installations. This design, too, went nowhere as the search for a viable Royal Air Force night-fighter wore on.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (680mph).

Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (0)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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