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Breguet Br.1100

Lightweight Supersonic Strike Fighter Prototype

Breguet Br.1100

Lightweight Supersonic Strike Fighter Prototype

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



Just one flyable prototype was completed for the Breguet Br.1100 tactical fighter ground-attack aircraft program for France.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1957
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Breguet - France
PRODUCTION: 1
OPERATORS: France (cancelled)
National flag of France
FRA
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Breguet Br.1100 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
POWER: 2 x Turbomeca "Gabizo" afterburning turbojet engine developing 2,670lb of dry thrust and 3,310lb of thrust with reheat.
ADVERTISEMENTS
LENGTH

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HEIGHT

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EMPTY WGT

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SPEED (MAX)

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Armament



PROPOSED (FIXED, FORWARD-FIRING):
2 x 30mm DEFA 551 autocannons.
1 x MATRA retractable rocket battery launcher in belly.

OPTIONAL:
Up to two hardpoints supporting aerial rockets, gun pods, rocket pods, and conventional drop bombs as needed.
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Variants / Models



• Br.1100 - Base Project Designation; single flyable example completed with second prototype left incomplete at project cancellation.
• Br.1100M - Proposed navalized form.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Breguet Br.1100 Lightweight Supersonic Strike Fighter Prototype.  Entry last updated on 2/21/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
As the Breguet Br.1001 "Taon" (detailed elsewhere on this site) had been drawn up to fulfill a NATO requirement for a "common" European strike fighter, the offshoot Br.1100 was reworked to fulfill a more local French Air Force lightweight tactical strike platform. Proposals for such an aircraft were sent out in the latter part of 1953 and called for a single-seat, Mach 1-capable strike fighter supporting a broad ordnance load (while, rather interestingly, maintaining its lightweight status) and a single- or twin-engine configuration (the latter endorsed because of its inherent enhanced survivability at low-altitudes). A plethora of French aero-concerns threw their hats into the ring and the group included prominent players like Dassault, Fouga, Morane-Saulnier, Nord and - of course - Breguet with its Br.1100.

Building upon the existing framework established for the NATO Br.1001 "Taon" program, the Br.1100 differed in its arrangement of two side-by-side turbojet installations (as opposed to one, single powerful unit) necessitating the use of a wider, rounded fuselage. The wing mainplanes were appropriately swept-back and set low along the fuselage sides and sweepback was also apparent at all three of the tailplane members (twin horizontal planes and a single vertical fin). An airbrake was fitted ventrally under the tail to slow the aircraft down as needed and, again, Breguet engineers elected for leading edge slats and trailing edge flaps along the wing mainplane members for enhanced controlling. The twin engine arrangement was aspirated by semi-circular intakes at each fuselage side and each engine was given its own exhaust port under the tail. A retractable tricycle undercarriage was fitted for ground-running. In the overall arrangement, the Pilot sat under a largely unobstructed canopy and aft of a short nosecone offering excellent vision around the aircraft.

The engines-of-choice became 2 x Turbomeca "Gabizo" afterburning turbojet units of 2,645lb thrust dry each and up to 3,750lb thrust each with reheat (afterburning) engaged. The dual nature of the powerplant ensured better survivability over contested airspaces should one unit be knocked out of action. With this arrangement the aircraft could hope to reach speeds of just over Mach 1.0 at nearly 33,000 feet - and 700 mph near sea level making it a fast attacker/intruder.

Structurally, the specimen's empty weight was 8,362lb against a gross weight rating of 14,430lb. Dimensions included a running length of 41 feet, a wingspan of 25.7 feet, and a height of 14.2 feet.

The proposed armament scheme was to involve 2 x 30mm DEFA 551 series autocannons and a retracting Matra-developed rocket battery launching unit in the belly as fixed, forward-firing armament. This was to be augmented with ordnance set across two underwing hardpoints (one per wing member) used to support aerial rockets, rocket pods, or conventional drop ordnance, giving the aircraft a relatively broad ordnance-carrying role.

In its finalized form, the one and only prototype to be completed for the program achieve a first-flight on March 31st, 1957. Testing revealed limitations of the design including heightened drag induced by the well-aft tail unit - restricting speeds and keeping the aircraft from sustained supersonic speeds even in level flight (which should have been the key quality of the strike fighter). With that, interest in this lightweight twin-engine tactical strike platform ultimately waned and the project went nowhere before falling to aviation history.

A second prototype lay in an unfinished state before it, too, was given up for good. The designation of Br.1100M was reserved for a proposed navalized form but this design was not furthered.




Media





General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating
62
The MF Power Rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (702mph).

Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (1)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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