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Hanriot HD.5

Twin-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype

Hanriot HD.5

Twin-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The Hanriot HD.5 was just one flyable prototype form tested during 1918 - development was ended with the end of World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1918
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Hanriot - France
PRODUCTION: 1
OPERATORS: France (cancelled)
National flag of France
FRA
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Hanriot HD.5 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
POWER: 1 x Hispano-Suiza 8Fb 8-cylinder, liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 300 horsepower and driving a two-bladed wooden propeller at the nose.
ADVERTISEMENTS
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Armament



PROPOSED:
2 x 7.7mm Vickers Machine Guns in fixed, forward-firing mountings over the nose and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
1 OR 2 x 7.7mm Lewis Machine Guns on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants / Models



• HD.5 - Base Series Designation; single flyable prototype completed.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the Hanriot HD.5 Twin-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype.  Entry last updated on 1/28/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
During the World War 1 (1914-1918) period, Hanriot of France was able to deliver several capable fighting biplanes by way of several successful designs beginning with the HD.1 (detailed elsewhere on this site). The follow-up HD.2 became its floatplane derivative and the line was bettered through the addition of the HD.3 in the weeks leading up to the end of the war (November 1918). To push the line even further, in early 1918 the company was already engaged in a new biplane fighter to entice prospective buyers towards the end of the war - this becoming the "HD.5".

The HD.5 continued the form and function established by the HD.3 including its two-seat, tandem crew arrangement with the pilot seated at front and the gunner at the rear. The biplane configuration was traditional for the period though now left unstaggered as opposed to the staggered pair seen on the HD.3. The members used parallel strut supports and a wider span, the latter necessitating two bays to support the length. The members were positioned well-ahead of midships and, rather uniquely, both the leading and trailing edges of the upper wing were cut-out to clear spaces for both the pilot and gunner - this also allowed the upper wing to be seated closer to the fuselage while improving views for both crewmembers. Another change from the earlier HD.3 came in the form of the Hispano-Suiza 8Fb 8-cylinder, water-cooled inline engine of 300 horsepower to drive a wooden propeller blade at the nose. The tail unit was conventional mounting a single, rounded large-area rudder and low-set horizontal planes. For ground-running, a typical twin-wheeled/tailskid undercarriage was used.

Like other Hanriot fighters, the HD.5 would be well-armed: 2 x 7.7mm Vickers Machine Guns in fixed, forward mountings over the nose and managed by the pilot with 1 or 2 x 7.7mm Lewis Machine Guns set atop a trainable mounting in the rear cockpit for the gunner/observer. The forward-facing guns were synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.

The HD.5 prototype was tested as soon as Spring of 1918 with the war's end still in doubt. However, the sole test vehicle was all that was had on the project but its design was used to influence the development of the HD.7, a navalized fighter version appearing in the post-war period.

The HD.6 was developed in parallel with the HD.5 and emerged as an altogether different biplane fighter development detailed elsewhere on this site.




Media





General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating
58
The MF Power Rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (134mph).

Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
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Graph showcases the Hanriot HD.5's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (1)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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