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Hannover CL.V

Two-Seat Interceptor / Biplane Fighter

Hannover CL.V

Two-Seat Interceptor / Biplane Fighter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The CL.V marked the last of the Hannover CL biplane fighters to achieve operational service during World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Imperial Germany
YEAR: 1918
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Hannoversche Waggonfabrik - German Empire / Kjeller Flyvemaskinfabrik - Norway
PRODUCTION: 122
OPERATORS: Imperial Germany; Norway (post-war)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Hannover CL.V model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 22.97 feet (7 meters)
WIDTH: 34.61 feet (10.55 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.35 feet (2.85 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,587 pounds (720 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,381 pounds (1,080 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x BMW IIIa engine developing 186 horsepower and driving a two-bladed wooden propeller at the nose.
SPEED (MAX): 115 miles-per-hour (185 kilometers-per-hour; 100 knots)
RANGE: 345 miles (555 kilometers; 300 nautical miles)
CEILING: 29,528 feet (9,000 meters; 5.59 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 990 feet-per-minute (302 meters-per-minute)
ARMAMENT



2 x 7.92mm MG08 machine guns in fixed, forward-firing mountings and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
1 x 7.92mm MG14 Parabellum machine gun on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• CL.V - Base Series Designation
• F.F.7 "Hauk" - Norwegian license-built version of the CL.V; production by Kjeller.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Hannover CL.V Two-Seat Interceptor / Biplane Fighter.  Entry last updated on 1/25/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The final fighter entry by the Hannoversche Waggonfabrik AG (Hannover) concern of Germany for the German Air Service during World War 1 (1914-1918) became the "CL.V". The aircraft was a further development of the two-seat CL.III biplane which, itself, was an evolution of the first twin-seat CL.II biplane product of 1917 (both detailed elsewhere on this site). The CL.V mark arrived in the war's final months and, therefore, would have a very limited impact on the outcome - production would total only about 120 units with many arriving after the Armistice of November 1918 had already been signed.

Even as the CL.II and CL.III forms were making their way to fighter squadrons for Germany, German authorities were on the lookout for an Allied fighter-killer. Work on a successor was underway by mid-1918, just months before the war would officially end. What was sought was a stable, highly-capable gunnery platform utilizing a crew of two, having excellent maneuverability/agility, and heightened performance with good diving capabilities. All told, this mount would outshine anything the Allies could get into the air to face it and (hopefully) work to change the tide of the air war in Germany's favor. Standard armament was to be twin forward-facing machine guns with a trainable rear-facing machine gun giving the aircraft optimal firepower for the role.

Hermann Doner of Hannover drew up a new fighting biplane along these lines, utilizing all the lessons learned from his previous attempts through the CL.II and CL.III. Powered by a BMW IIIa series engine of 186 horsepower, the aircraft was designated as the "CL.V" and this would become the company's last attempt at a fighter before the end of the war (pre-war the company was tied to the railway industry and was not an aeroplane maker).

Engineers went with an equal-span biplane wing configuration featuring single bays and single "I-plane" struts. The upper wing member sat close to the fuselage with a section of the trailing edge cut-out at the pilot's position helping to improve visibility some. The engine was positioned in the nose in the usual way and this served to drive the two-bladed propeller unit. The crew of two were seated in tandem with the pilot forward and gunner aft - the gunner's position was, as in the CL.II and CL.III before it, again raised for optimal firing angles. The tail unit originally incorporated the CL.II's biplane configuration but the production form adopted a more traditional single-finned unit. The undercarriage was of typical tail-dragger configuration for the period, involving wheels under center-forward mass and a simple skid under the tail.

The CL.V compared favorably to other similar fighter types of the day, including the famous Fokker D.VII, despite its twin-seat configuration. Authorities were sold on the design enough to order an initial production batch of 100 aircraft (these with single-finned tail units) in September of 1918. However, the Armistice of November 1918 arrived much too soon for the effort to gain traction and only about forty-six or so of the fighters were completed - none destined to reach the Front before the end.

Even so, Hannover continued serial production of the fighter under the limitations of the Armistice during the ensuing months and this resulted in a further sixty-two fighters being added to the stable. At least one, following weight-reduction modifications, went on to achieve a World Altitude Record of 27,362 feet during November 1919.

Beyond this, fourteen CL.V fighting biplanes were produced under license by Kjeller Flyvemaskinsfabrik of Halden, Norway in 1923 for service with the Norwegian Army Air Service where they were designated as Kjeller FF.7 "Hauk" ("Hawk"). These flew into 1929, some equipped with skis for ground-running on snow, before being replaced by more modern, advanced types.




MEDIA





General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating
66
The MF Power Rating takes into account over sixty individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (115mph).

Graph average of 90 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Hannover CL.V's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (122)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
122
122

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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