Home Aircraft / Aviation Naval Warfare Land Systems Small Arms

Potez 75

Missile-Carrier / Ground Attack Prototype

Originally developed as a missile-carrier, the French Potez 75 was eventually rewritten as a ground-attack platform - budget issues eventually ended its development.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 1/14/2019
In the 1950s, a rebuilding French military industry placed its focus on missile-carrying combat aircraft and one product of the period attempted to mate the "SS.10" wire-guided anti-tank missile with an airframe developed specifically to carry it in the "Potez 75" aircraft. The missile's design was credited to one Jean Bastien-Thiry of Nord Aviation and was an early-form dedicated tank-killer appearing at a time when the enemy of the West was the Soviet Union and its feared tank formations set to spell a future doom for most of Europe. Some 30,000 of these missiles were eventually produced and went on to see service with the French and American (as the "MGM-21A") militaries for its time. This missile directly spawned the Potez 75 aircraft designed to carry it - but this aircraft became only a one-off prototype that did not enter serial production with any world power.

The resulting aircraft's fuselage was slab-sided with the dedicated "missile operator" seated in the nose section and the pilot aft of him in a raised position. The two cockpits were, therefore, of stepped arrangement and had individual, lightly-framed canopies offering fairly decent views out-of-the-cockpit (the pilot's position initially had an open-air emplacement). A battery of machine guns were fixed into the nose section ahead of the missile operator. The wing mainplanes were straight-edged with clipped tips and the twin-boom arrangement extended from each wing's trailing edges aft, each boom concluding with a vertical tail fin at the rear and these further joined together by a single horizontal plane overhead. As a prototype, the tricycle undercarriage (faired over for aerodynamic efficiency) was fixed in flight (non-retractable). The aircraft was completed in all-metal construction.

Rather uniquely for a combat aircraft of this time, the Potez 75 had its single engine fit driving a three-bladed, variable-pitch propeller unit at the rear of the fuselage in a "pusher" configuration - this clearing the frontal section of the aircraft for unobstructed views and fixed, forward-facing armament. The engine of choice became the in-house Potez 8D.32 V8 inverted air-cooled piston engine of 480 horsepower.

Proposed standard, fixed armament became 4 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns installed into the nose. In addition to this, the aircraft was to carry several of the Nord anti-tank missiles.

Dimensions of the aircraft included a running length of 30 feet, a wingspan of 43 feet, and a height of 8.9 feet. Empty weight was 4,000lb against an MTOW of 5,300lb.

A first-flight in prototype form was finally had on June 10th, 1953 but subsequent testing revealed the aircraft to be a poor missile-carrying / missile-launching platform. As such, to save the aircraft its original over-battlefield role was changed to that of "ground-attack" and provisions were introduced for carrying up to 8 x Air-to-surface rockets, these to be held under the wings. In this revised form, the prototype was pressed into active, direct-combat service in 1956 with French forces during the bloody Algerian War (1954-1962) and eventually proved its worth - resulting in a pre-production order covering fifteen airframes. However, in light of a dwindling French defense budget the following year, the new, rather novel, combat aircraft was nixed from procurement and its development ultimately stopped. It flew for only a short time later into 1958 at which point it crash-landed in September of that year and was subsequently dismantled and destroyed.


[ 1 Units ] :
Potez - France
National flag of France France (cancelled)
- Close-Air Support (CAS)
- X-Plane / Developmental
30.02 ft (9.15 m)
42.98 ft (13.1 m)
8.86 ft (2.7 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Potez 75 production model)
Empty Weight:
3,968 lb (1,800 kg)
5,291 lb (2,400 kg)
(Diff: +1,323lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Potez 75 production model)
1 x Potez 8D.32 V8 inverted air-cooled piston engine developing 480 horsepower driving a propeller unit in pusher configuration.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Potez 75 production model)
Maximum Speed:
171 mph (275 kph; 148 kts)
Service Ceiling:
26,247 feet (8,000 m; 4.97 miles)
Maximum Range:
435 miles (700 km; 378 nm)
1,600 ft/min (488 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Potez 75 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
4 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns in nose section.

8 x Air-to-surface rockets under wings.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Potez 75 production model)
Model 75 - Base Series Designation; single flyable example completed before project's end.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-