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Bloch MB.200

Twin-Engine Bomber Aircraft

Bloch MB.200

Twin-Engine Bomber Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Bloch MB.200 existed as an interwar bomber design originating from France prior to World War 2 - 332 examples were ultimately produced.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 1933
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Societe dea Avions Marcel Bloch - France
PRODUCTION: 332
OPERATORS: Bulgaria; Czechoslovakia; France; Nazi Germany; Spain
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Bloch MB.200 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 4
LENGTH: 52.49 feet (16 meters)
WIDTH: 73.65 feet (22.45 meters)
HEIGHT: 12.80 feet (3.9 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 9,480 pounds (4,300 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 16,535 pounds (7,500 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14Kirs 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines developing 870 horsepower each while driving three-bladed propeller units.
SPEED (MAX): 177 miles-per-hour (285 kilometers-per-hour; 154 knots)
RANGE: 621 miles (1,000 kilometers; 540 nautical miles)
CEILING: 26,247 feet (8,000 meters; 4.97 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 855 feet-per-minute (261 meters-per-minute)
ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
1 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine gun in nose position.
1 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine gun in dorsal position.
1 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine gun in rear-facing ventral position.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 2,645lb of conventional drop stores.
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• MB.200 - Base Series Designation.
• MB.200.01 - Prototype model (one-off).
• MB.200B.4 - Definitive production model fitting 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14Kirs engines.
• MB.201 - Fitting 2 x Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs engines.
• MB.202 - FItting 2 x Gnome-Rhone 7Kdrs engines.
• MB.203 - Fitting 2 x Clerget 14F diesel-fueled engines.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Bloch MB.200 Twin-Engine Bomber Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 1/14/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Like other European powers of the Interwar period, France attempted to modernize its fighting forces to deal with a rising Germany. The MB.200 was one result of such efforts, a pre-World War 2 French-originated, twin-engined medium/heavy bomber. It was designed, developed, and built by the experts of the Societe des Avions Marcel Bloch (Bloch) and introduced into French Air Force service as soon as 1935. While a capable bomber during the middle part of the 1930s, the MB.200 was largely obsolete by the time of the start of World War 2 (1939-1945). It still managed to see service in the wide-ranging conflict and made an earlier appearance in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939).

The aircraft was born back in a 1932 French Air Force requirement calling for an all-new, all-modern day-/night-bombing platform. Bloch engineers elected for a high-winged form with a traditional twin-engined layout for the role and modern features such as metal skinning and enclosed workspaces were incorporated. As with other large aircraft of the time, defensive machine gun positions were set about the aircraft to cover its vulnerable sides - namely the front, top, and rear.

The aircraft's outward appearance was consistent with bomber design of the early-1930s: a slab-sided fuselage was used and this structure was dotted by rectangular window panes for viewing. The cockpit was positioned above the fuselage resulting in a "stepped" nose in which the nose section could be glazed over for the bombardier/navigator/nose gunner and offered unobstructed views. Directly above the nose was a defensive machine gun position and another followed along the dorsal spine aft of the wing mainplanes. A third gunner's position was under the aircraft in an underslung "gondola" - also positioned aft of the wing mainplanes. The mainplanes themselves were straight-edged with rounded tips and a forward-swept trailing edge. Each wing held an underslung engine nacelle. The tail unit comprised a traditional plane arrangement involving a single vertical fin and a pair of low-set horizontal planes. The "tail-dragger" undercarriage was wheeled at all three points but fixed in flight (non-retractable). The operating crew numbered four personnel.

Dimensions of the bomber included a running length of 52.5 feet, a wingspan of 73.7 feet, and a height of 12.9 feet. Empty weight was 9,500lb against an MTOW of 9,500lb.

Finalized installed armament was 3 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns at the aforementioned defensive gun positions. The internal bomb load could reach up to 2,645lb of conventional drop-ordnance as needed.

The MB.200 line began with a trio of prototypes designated "MB.200.01" and a first-flight followed on June 26th, 1933. The design was in direct competition with another bomber - the F.221 - being provided by the Farman concern. French authorities saw enough of the MB.200 to select it for serial production and a first-batch of 30 bombers was contracted for in early 1934. The new bomber proved so critical to French modernization efforts that no fewer than twelve squadrons equipped with the type. The definitive production form was the "MB.200B.4" powered by 2 x Gnome-Rhone 14Kirs series engines. This version held a maximum speed of 177 miles per hour and a could range out to 620 miles. Its service ceiling reached 26,000 feet while the rate-of-climb was listed at 852 feet-per-minute.




Other French-based aero-industry manufactures were also called on to help with production efforts and this resulted in participation from Breguet, Hanriot, Loire, Potez, and SNCASO. Potez alone delivered 111 units followed by Hanriot with 45 units, Breguet and Loire with 19 apiece, and Bloch supplying just four examples (total MB.200 production, including those under license, ended at 332 units).

Spain secured at least two examples of the bomber at the start of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and a further 30 units followed from France thereafter. These aircraft gave a poor showing in the contested airspaces of the war and none were to see the end of it.

The Czech Air Force followed the French lead and committed to the modern bomber design in hopes of strengthening their air attack fleet against a growing neighboring threat. A lack of in-house knowledge of designing, developing, and building modern oversized aircraft led the government to secure a production license for the MB.200 from France and local aero-concerns Aero and Avia were tapped to bring about 124 units in 1937. However, this Czech stock was taken over by the invading Germans and went on to see their last days flying under the German Luftwaffe and Kingdom of Bulgaria flags.

Other marks in the line included the "MB.201" which shifted to Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs engines while the "MB.202" made use of 4 x Gnome-Rhone 7Kdrs engines. The "MB.203", the last entry of the family line, was powered by 2 x Clerget 14F diesel-fueled engines.

With the German conquest of France proper in 1940, the MB.200 bombers still on hand were requisitioned for use by Vichy French forces. A number was used in the fight over Lebanon and Syria during the North African Campaign during 1941. However, this campaign ended in an Allied victory and the bombers did little to affect its outcome.

The Bloch MB.210 and MB.211 entries were direct offshoots of the MB.200 - though differentiated by more modern monoplane wings and retractable undercarriages. About 300 of these were built before the war by various French parties and service introduction came during late-1936.




MEDIA







General Assessment (BETA)
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating (BETA)
64
The MF Power Rating takes into account over sixty individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (177mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Bloch MB.200's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
332
332

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.