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Henschel Hs P.135


Proposed Emergency Fighter Program Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

Part of the German Emergency Fighter Program of 1944-1945, the tailless Henschel Hs P.135 was not selected for further development.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/15/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
In late 1944, with the Allied bombing campaign taking its toll on German infrastructure and war-making capabilities, Luftwaffe High Command enacted the "Emergency Fighter Program" to help stave off defeat. There were numerous contributions to the program though many did not see the "light of day" as it were due to the end of the war or other factors. Two notable projects to emerge from the initiative became the Arado Ar 234 "Blitz" jet-powered bomber and the Heinkel He 162 "Volksjager" - both detailed elsewhere on this site. One entry destined to not see go beyond the drawing boards became the Henschel He P.135 put forth by Henschel Flugzeugwerke AG.

Founded in 1810 and centered on the business of mechanical / automotive engineering for decades, the Henschel concern was making combat aircraft for the German Luftwaffe since the 1930s. When war came to Germany and the rest of Europe in September of 1939, business for many parties boomed but many of Henschel's existing products were of 1930s origin so it attempted several projects during the war with the most successful of these becoming the Hs 129 close-support / anti-tank platform; over 800 were produced before the end. Beyond this, the company had little to hang on its hat on in terms of aviation legacy during the war - the P.87 high-speed bomber, P.75 heavy fighter and P.135 fighter-interceptor were all ultimately-abandoned initiatives.

When the Luftwaffe called for a single-seat jet-powered fighter, Henschel turned to an earlier design it had privately been working on to produce the framework for the proposed "P.135". The aircraft was given a "tailless" design which involved just a single vertical fin and no horizontal planes of any kind at its aft-end. The wing mainplanes of 30.25 foot span were well-swept towards the rear but, of particular note, these were given straight-edged, up-turned tips to break both the leading and trailing sweep lines. The trailing edge was of a saw-tooth style which were very modern for the period. This "compound" swept-wing approach was intended to spread about the forces of high-speed flight when approaching the critical Mach number, reducing vibration and compression along its span and providing for a more stable, safer aircraft capable of extreme-high-speed flight at heavier loads than originally thought.

The 25.5 foot-long fuselage took on a deep appearance with the intake positioned set at the cut-off nose section and the engine exhausting at the rear, just under the tail unit. The cockpit would be seated near midships and feature a raised spine for more internal volume at the expense of vision to the rear. The wings were to be mid-mounted along the sides of the fuselage. A modern tricycle undercarriage would be utilized for ground-running.

Proposed armament was to become 4 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons, two seat under the "chin" of the aircraft and one to each wing root for a formidable punch against Allied bombers of the period. The engine of choice would have been the Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 turbojet engine, this unit buried within the aft-section of the fighter-interceptor. with its futuristic design and proposed propulsion scheme, the aircraft was estimated to have a maximum speed of 612 miles-per-hour - putting it well out of reach of ground-based fire or counter-interceptors and bomber escorts.

In any event, the P.135 was not selected for further development and only existed as a "paper" airplane for its part in the war - a war which would end with the complete surrender of Germany in May of 1945. Nevertheless, the P.135 deserves its footnote in military aviation history for its rather forward-thinking design.


Specifications



Year:
1945
Status
Cancelled
Crew
1
[ 0 Units ] :
Henschel Flugzeugwerke AG - Nazi Germany
National flag of Germany National flag of Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (cancelled)
- Fighter
- Interception
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
25.43 ft (7.75 m)
Width:
30.18 ft (9.2 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Henschel Hs P.135 production model)
1 x Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 (109-011) turbojet engine developing approximately 3,000lb of thrust.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Henschel Hs P.135 production model)
Max Speed:
612 mph (985 kph; 532 kts)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Henschel Hs P.135 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons under chin.
1 x 30mm MK 108 autocannon in portside wingroot.
1 x 30mm MK 108 autocannon in starboard side wingroot.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Henschel Hs P.135 production model)
P.135 - Base Project Designation.
General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of a possible 100.
28
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (612mph).

Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (0)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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