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Henschel Hs P.135

Proposed Emergency Fighter Program Aircraft

Henschel Hs P.135

Proposed Emergency Fighter Program Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Part of the German Emergency Fighter Program of 1944-1945, the tailless Henschel Hs P.135 was not selected for further development.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1945
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Henschel Flugzeugwerke AG - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany (cancelled)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Henschel Hs P.135 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 25.43 feet (7.75 meters)
WIDTH: 30.18 feet (9.2 meters)
ENGINE: 1 x Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 (109-011) turbojet engine developing approximately 3,000lb of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 612 miles-per-hour (985 kilometers-per-hour; 532 knots)




ARMAMENT



PROPOSED:
2 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons under chin.
1 x 30mm MK 108 autocannon in portside wingroot.
1 x 30mm MK 108 autocannon in starboard side wingroot.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• P.135 - Base Project Designation.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Henschel Hs P.135 Proposed Emergency Fighter Program Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/15/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
In late 1944, with the Allied bombing campaign taking its toll on German infrastructure and war-making capabilities, Luftwaffe High Command enacted the "Emergency Fighter Program" to help stave off defeat. There were numerous contributions to the program though many did not see the "light of day" as it were due to the end of the war or other factors. Two notable projects to emerge from the initiative became the Arado Ar 234 "Blitz" jet-powered bomber and the Heinkel He 162 "Volksjager" - both detailed elsewhere on this site. One entry destined to not see go beyond the drawing boards became the Henschel He P.135 put forth by Henschel Flugzeugwerke AG.

Founded in 1810 and centered on the business of mechanical / automotive engineering for decades, the Henschel concern was making combat aircraft for the German Luftwaffe since the 1930s. When war came to Germany and the rest of Europe in September of 1939, business for many parties boomed but many of Henschel's existing products were of 1930s origin so it attempted several projects during the war with the most successful of these becoming the Hs 129 close-support / anti-tank platform; over 800 were produced before the end. Beyond this, the company had little to hang on its hat on in terms of aviation legacy during the war - the P.87 high-speed bomber, P.75 heavy fighter and P.135 fighter-interceptor were all ultimately-abandoned initiatives.

When the Luftwaffe called for a single-seat jet-powered fighter, Henschel turned to an earlier design it had privately been working on to produce the framework for the proposed "P.135". The aircraft was given a "tailless" design which involved just a single vertical fin and no horizontal planes of any kind at its aft-end. The wing mainplanes of 30.25 foot span were well-swept towards the rear but, of particular note, these were given straight-edged, up-turned tips to break both the leading and trailing sweep lines. The trailing edge was of a saw-tooth style which were very modern for the period. This "compound" swept-wing approach was intended to spread about the forces of high-speed flight when approaching the critical Mach number, reducing vibration and compression along its span and providing for a more stable, safer aircraft capable of extreme-high-speed flight at heavier loads than originally thought.

The 25.5 foot-long fuselage took on a deep appearance with the intake positioned set at the cut-off nose section and the engine exhausting at the rear, just under the tail unit. The cockpit would be seated near midships and feature a raised spine for more internal volume at the expense of vision to the rear. The wings were to be mid-mounted along the sides of the fuselage. A modern tricycle undercarriage would be utilized for ground-running.

Proposed armament was to become 4 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons, two seat under the "chin" of the aircraft and one to each wing root for a formidable punch against Allied bombers of the period. The engine of choice would have been the Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 turbojet engine, this unit buried within the aft-section of the fighter-interceptor. with its futuristic design and proposed propulsion scheme, the aircraft was estimated to have a maximum speed of 612 miles-per-hour - putting it well out of reach of ground-based fire or counter-interceptors and bomber escorts.

In any event, the P.135 was not selected for further development and only existed as a "paper" airplane for its part in the war - a war which would end with the complete surrender of Germany in May of 1945. Nevertheless, the P.135 deserves its footnote in military aviation history for its rather forward-thinking design.




MEDIA







General Assessment (BETA)
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating (BETA)
28
The MF Power Rating takes into account over sixty individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (612mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.