×
Aircraft Tanks and Vehicles Small Arms Navy Ships Military Pay (U.S.) Military Ranks (Global)
HOME
AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
MODERN AIRCRAFT

Ilyushin IL-20 (Coot-A)


Special Mission ELectronic signals INTelligence (ELINT) Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

The Cold War Soviet-era Ilyushin IL-20 series continues to perform a vital function within the ranks of the modern Russian Air Force.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/19/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
Sponsored Links

The Ilyushin IL-20 is the militarized form of the base Soviet-era IL-18 "Coot" quad-turboprop passenger hauler. The original IL-18 design saw a first-flight on July 4th, 1957 and production was handled by Moscow Machinery Plant No. 30 to which at least 678 examples were ultimately delivered for various civilian- and military-minded tasks worldwide. Production spanned from 1957 until 1985. The Ilyushin IL-38 is an offshoot of the IL-18 design.

The IL-20 recorded a first-flight in March of 1968.

The IL-20 (also the IL-18D-36 "Bizon") was eventually developed into the primary IL-20M ("Coot-A") variant serving in the ELectronic signals INTelligence (ELINT) role. These are aircraft equipped with special mission systems for the intelligence-gathering role to better serve ground commanders and accompanying aircraft. Crews and systems analyze various captured signals and can help the attacking side better understand, and neutralize, an opponent's defense network. With the neutralization of such a network, the attacking side can operate with near-impunity over contested battlefields.

Beyond this, all other lines and function of the IL-18 have been retained. Four engines power the type (the engines mounted over the wing mainplanes). The mainplanes sit low to either side of the fuselage and the tail utilizes a conventional single-finned arrangement with low-set horizontal planes. A wheeled, retractable tricycle undercarriage is used for ground-running. With the same inherent power from the 4 x Ivchenko AI-20M turboprop engines, the aircraft has excellent range for its class - a much needed quality for an on-station aircraft in the ELINT role.

Key physical features of the IL-20 not seen in a typical IL-18 is the long radar array (side-looking) mounted ventrally (under the belly of the aircraft) and dorsal and fuselage-side-mounted blisters signifying sensors and the like.

Beyond the base IL-20M is the IL-20RT. These were four telemetry and communications relay platforms used for the Soviet space program (since succeeded by the IL-76 series).



September 2018 - An Ilyushin IL-20 was accidentally show down by Syrian air defenses in actions related to the Syrian Civil War (all hands were lost). Russian authorities blamed Israel, claiming Israeli warplanes used the Russian aircraft as a shield against the Syrian air-defense missiles.

Specifications



Year:
1969
Status
Active, Limited Service
Crew
20
[ 10 Units ] :
Ilyushin - Soviet Union / Russia
National flag of Russia National flag of Soviet Union Russia (Soviet Union)
- Electronic Warfare (EW)
Length:
117.78 ft (35.9 m)
Width:
123.03 ft (37.5 m)
Height:
33.46 ft (10.2 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Ilyushin IL-20M production model)
Empty Weight:
77,162 lb (35,000 kg)
MTOW:
143,300 lb (65,000 kg)
(Diff: +66,139lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Ilyushin IL-20M production model)
4 x Ivchenko AI-20M turboprop engines developing 4,250 horsepower and driving four-bladed propeller units.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Ilyushin IL-20M production model)
Max Speed:
419 mph (675 kph; 364 kts)
Service Ceiling:
39,370 feet (12,000 m; 7.46 miles)
Max Range:
4,039 miles (6,500 km; 3,510 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Ilyushin IL-20M production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None. Only ELINT mission equipment carried.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Ilyushin IL-20M production model)
IL-20 "Coot-A" - Base Series Designation.
IL-20M (IL-18D-36 "Bizon") - Militarized IL-18; equipped for ELINT role with ventral side-looking radar and various antenna and sensor outcroppings about the fuselage.
IL-20RT - Four telemetry and communications relay aircraft modified for the Soviet space program during the Cold War period.
General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of a possible 100.
18
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (419mph).

Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Ilyushin IL-20M operational range when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (10)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
10
10

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Max Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Sponsored Links

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-