STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Airbus - France
OPERATORS: Aruba; Austria; Azerbaijan; Belgium; Bhutan; Brazil; Bulgaria; Canada; China; Chile; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cyprus; Ecuador; El Salvador; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; India; Iran; Italy; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Libya; Lithuania; Macedonia; Malta; Mauritius; Moldova; Myanmar; Namibia; Panama; Pakistan; Portugal; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Thailand; Tunisia; Turkey; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; Zimbabwe
LENGTH: 111.06 feet (33.85 meters)
WIDTH: 117.45 feet (35.8 meters)
HEIGHT: 38.55 feet (11.75 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 90,004 pounds (40,825 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 166,008 pounds (75,300 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x CFM International CFM56 OR IAE V2500 series turbofan engines offering between 22,000lb and 27,000lb of thrust each.
SPEED (MAX): 541 miles-per-hour (870 kilometers-per-hour; 470 knots)
RANGE: 4,350 miles (7,000 kilometers; 3,780 nautical miles)
CEILING: 41,010 feet (12,500 meters; 7.77 miles)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus A319 Narrow-Body, Short-to-Medium Route Passenger Jet Airliner.
Entry last updated on 12/22/2018.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Airbus of France introduced their key A320 airliner product in 1988 by way of air carrier Air France and the family has since grown the critical product line to include the short-hull A318, short-hull A319, and stretched A321 offshoots. All have been designed around the capability to reach short-to-medium ranged destinations through a twin-engine approach. The A319, the focus of this article, is designed as a short-hulled version of the base A320 and can haul up to 160 passengers in multi-class seating to ranges reaching 4,000 miles. The A319 series has become a commercially successful product for Airbus with nearly 1,500 examples built to date (mid-2018).
Very little has changed in the A319 when comparing it to the original A320 beyond its shortened hull. The type was devised to counter the market grip of the Boeing 737-300 and 737-700 series jets. This involved a reduction in overall length by removal of seven sections of hull - thereby reducing length by just over 12 feet. The powerplant of choice became 2 x CFM56-5A or V2500-A5 series turbofan engines. The result is an aircraft which retained the exceptional passenger- and cargo-hauling qualities of the A320 though now with added range.
The finalized aircraft was rolled out in August of 1995 and a first-flight was recorded on August 25th of that year. Certification was granted in April of the following year. SwissAir was the launch customer in April of 1996.
As designed, the A319 carries a flight crew of two (not counting support staff) and can seat between 150 and 160 passengers depending on seating and class arrangement (one or two classes). Overall length is 111 feet with a wingspan of 117.4 feet and a height of 38.6 feet. Empty weight is 90,000lb against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 166,000lb.
Power is from 2 x CFM International CFM56 or IAE V2500 series turbofan engines providing between 22,000lb and 27,000lb of thrust each unit. These are mounted in nacelles found under each wing mainplane. Maximum speed is 540 miles per hour with cruising closer to 515mph. Range with a standard loadout is 3,750 miles (it is capable of crossing each ocean on both of America's coasts). Its service ceiling can reach 41,000 feet.
The A319 sub-family of jets consists of several variants all its own (that is, apart from the A320 line). This includes the A319CJ (now ACJ319) corporate-minded hauler with seating for thirty-nine, the A319neo (New Engine Option) modernization product (offering CFM International or Pratt & Whitney turbofan engines), the proposed A319 MPA (Maritime Patrol Aircraft) over-water military platform (intended to compete with the Boeing P-8 "Poseidon"), and the A319LR (Long-Range) extended range model.
Deliveries of the A319 have tapered off considerably since they began in 1996 (eighteen were delivered that year compared to just two in 2018). Peak deliveries occurred in 2005 with 142 finding homes with various air carriers and, the following year, a further 137 were brought online. At least thirty A319neo models are on order though this variant in the "neo" line have now seen the market interest that the A320 and A321 have casting some doubt as to its future.
December 2018 - The CFM International LEAP-1A-engined A319neo has received its European (EASA) and American (FAA) airspace type certification paving the way for formal operations involving the type to begin in 2019.
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (541mph).
Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Airbus A319's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units