×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Global Military Ranks
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
MODERN AIRCRAFT
X-PLANE

Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA (Multi-Axis, No-Tail Aircraft)


Tailless Combat Fighter Technology Demonstrator Proposal


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

The Lockheed X-44 MANTA existed as an offshoot of the then-soon-to-be F-22 Raptor line - it being a tailless aircraft relying on thrust vectoring for extreme agility.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 4/13/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
During the 1980s, the United States Air Force (USAF) formulated the "Advanced Tactical Fighter" (ATF) program to find America's next frontline combat fighter. This eventually led to a fly-off between the Lockheed Martin YF-22 and the Northrop Grumman YF-23 (both detailed elsewhere on this site). The former won out and the YF-22 was introduced (as the "Raptor") into service with the USAF in December of 2005 - becoming the world's first 5th Generation Fighter platform.

Even while the F-22 was in development, a heavily-modified form of the aircraft was under consideration as the X-44 "MANTA" ("Multi-Axis, No-Tail Aircraft"). This program offshoot was essentially the base F-22 Raptor design sans its tailplanes. The type was seen as a technology demonstrator to test the validity of controlling a combat fighter without traditional tailplanes being fitted. The result, showcased only through concept artwork, was an aircraft that held the front- and mid-section of the original F-22 but carried a "stretched" delta wing mainplane. It was to retain the twin, side-by-side turbofan engine arrangement with thrust-vectoring but lacked the outward-cranked vertical tail fins as well as the horizontal tailplanes.


As it stood, the aircraft would have been controlled solely by the thrust vectoring system coupled with control surfaces found on the wing mainplanes - the hope being that the fighter would have been extremely agile, offer reduced drag and greater efficiency, and keep much (if not all) of its inherent stealth properties intact. The X-44 MANTA was always seen as a possible candidate for a future combat warplane so it would also have held on to the F-22's internal weapons bay. Due to the nature of the delta wing and its large surface area and increased internal volume, the MANTA would have carried more internal fuel and thus increased operational ranges when compared to the F-22.

The X-44 MANTA remained a proposed "experimental" over the course of its short life. Some interest in the product was had by both the USAF as well as NASA but little came of this for the project seems to have died off sometime around the year 2000. The X-44 designation resurfaced in another Lockheed product, this being the "X-44A", a deep-fuselage, tailless unmanned aircraft system used in the development of more advanced drones for the company (including the "Sentinel").


Specifications



Year:
1999
Status
Cancelled
Crew
1
[ 0 Units ] :
Lockheed Martin - USA
National flag of United States United States (cancelled)
- Fighter
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
62.34 ft (19 m)
Width:
44.46 ft (13.55 m)
Height:
16.40 ft (5 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA production model)
Empty Weight:
31,967 lb (14,500 kg)
MTOW:
55,116 lb (25,000 kg)
(Diff: +23,149lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA production model)
2 x Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 afterburning turbofans developing 35,000 lb of thrust each (estimated).
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA production model)
Max Speed:
1,553 mph (2,500 kph; 1,350 kts)
Service Ceiling:
49,213 feet (15,000 m; 9.32 miles)
Max Range:
1,988 miles (3,200 km; 1,728 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
STANDARD:
1 x 20mm internal cannon.

AIR-TO-AIR, STEALTH:
2 x AIM-9 Sidewinders short-ranged air-to-air missiles (internal side weapons bays).
6 x AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-ranged air-to-air missiles (Internal ventral weapons bay).

AIR-TO-AIR, NON-STEALTH:
4 x AIM-9 Sidewinder short-ranged, air-to-air missiles (External, underwing, outboard)
2 x AIM-9 Sidewinder short-ranged air-to-air missiles (Internal side weapons bays).
6 x AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-ranged, air-to-air missiles (Internal ventral weapons bay).

AIR-TO-GROUND, STEALTH:
2 x AIM-9 Sidewinder short-ranged air-to-air missiles (Internal side weapons bays).
2 x AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-ranged, air-to-air missiles (Internal ventral weapons bay).
2 x 1,000lb GBU-32 Joint Direct Munitions (JDAM) (Internal ventral weapons bay).

OPTIONAL, AIR-TO-GROUND, STEALTH:
8 x 250lb GBU-39 Small Diameter Bombs (SDBs) (Internal ventral weapons bay) in place of JDAM.

OPTIONAL, MISCELLANEOUS:
2 x 600 US Gallon external fuel drop tanks underwing, inboard.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Lockheed Martin X-44 MANTA production model)
X-44 MANTA - Base Project Name; cancelled.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-