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Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A)

Czechoslovakia (1950)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A) Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 4/4/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A)  
Picture of Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A) Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft

Avia of Czechoslovakia continued to build the German wartime Messerschmitt Me 262 - this as the S-92 Turbina.

As with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 piston-engined fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet-powered fighter's production was also charged to Czechoslovakian factories in the latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945). When the war in Europe ended against Germany's favor in May of 1945, Czechoslovakia still found itself in possession of the equipment required to build both aircraft. These were then rebranded by Avia under the respective designations of S-99/S-199 (based on the Bf 109G) and S-92 "Turbina" (based on the Me 262A).

In the latter case, the Czechs took to producing both the single- and two-seat variants of the German jet fighter as the "S-92" and "CS-92". The S-92 marked the primary fighter form while CS-92 represented two-seat trainer platforms. In 1946, twelve (nine single-seaters and three twin-seaters) were produced for testing and service introduction was announced the following year.
Prototype S-92.1 went airborne for the first time on August 27th, 1946 but an accident claimed this airframe that September. The second prototype, S-92.2, first flew on October 24th, 1946. The two-seat trainer variant saw its first-flight on December 10th, 1946. Another prototype, S-92.7, was outfitted with the uprated BMW 003 series turbojet engine but tests did not prove this offering quite as sound as had been hoped despite the increase to total thrust.

In 1950, the first Czechoslovakian fighter squadron comprised solely of jet fighter aircraft was finally formed but these mounts were kept for only a short time as Soviet jet-powered designs of greater performance and capabilities became available in large supply. After a formal demonstration to Yugoslav authorities, Yugoslavia placed an order for two S-92 jet fighters but this was never fulfilled.

In practice, the Czech S-92 performance about as well as the wartime Me 262 but, by the early 1950s, were entirely outclassed by the new crop of fighters emerging from the Soviet Union and in the West. This accounts for the relatively short operational service lives of the Turbina and its low production total. Outwardly, the fighters were faithful to the German design that appeared in April of 1944 and shocked many onlookers.

Most of the available S-92 and CS-92 aircraft were subsequently scrapped though one of each was retained for public showing through the Prague Aviation Museum (now in the Czech Republic).
Avia S-92 Turbina Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Year: 1950
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Avia - Czechoslovakia
Production: 12
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 1
Length: 34.78 ft (10.6 m)
Width: 41.34 ft (12.60 m)
Height: 11.48 ft (3.50 m)
Empty Weight: 8,378 lb (3,800 kg)
MTOW: 15,719 lb (7,130 kg)

Installed Power
2 x Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engines developing 1,980lb of thrust each.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 559 mph (900 kph; 486 kts)
Maximum Range: 652 mi (1,050 km; 567 nm)
Service Ceiling: 37,566 ft (11,450 m; 7.11 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,200 ft/min (366 m/min)

4 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons in nose.

2 x 550lb OR 2 x 1,100lb conventional drop bombs.
24 x 55mm air-to-surface rockets.

Operators List

Series Model Variants
• S-92 - Base Series Designation; based on the Me 262 A-1a German wartime fighter model.
• S-92.1 - Initial prototype
• S-92.2 - Second prototype
• S-92.7 - Prototype fitted with BMW 003 turbojet engines of 2,094lb thrust each; reverted back to Junkers Jumo 004 untis after testing phase.
• CS-92 - Two-seat trainer variant

Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition