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Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A) - Czechoslovakia, 1950

Detailing the development and operational history of the Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A) Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 10/23/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A)  
Picture of Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A)

Avia of Czechoslovakia continued to build the German wartime Messerschmitt Me 262 - this as the S-92 Turbina.

As with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 piston-engined fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet-powered fighter's production was also charged to Czechoslovakian factories in the latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945). When the war in Europe ended against Germany's favor in May of 1945, Czechoslovakia still found itself in possession of the equipment required to build both aircraft. These were then rebranded by Avia under the respective designations of S-99/S-199 (based on the Bf 109G) and S-92 "Turbina" (based on the Me 262A).

In the latter case, the Czechs took to producing both the single- and two-seat variants of the German jet fighter as the "S-92" and "CS-92". The S-92 marked the primary fighter form while CS-92 represented two-seat trainer platforms. In 1946, twelve (nine single-seaters and three twin-seaters) were produced for testing and service introduction was announced the following year.

Prototype S-92.1 went airborne for the first time on August 27th, 1946 but an accident claimed this airframe that September. The second prototype, S-92.2, first flew on October 24th, 1946. The two-seat trainer variant saw its first-flight on December 10th, 1946. Another prototype, S-92.7, was outfitted with the uprated BMW 003 series turbojet engine but tests did not prove this offering quite as sound as had been hoped despite the increase to total thrust.

In 1950, the first Czechoslovakian fighter squadron comprised solely of jet fighter aircraft was finally formed but these mounts were kept for only a short time as Soviet jet-powered designs of greater performance and capabilities became available in large supply. After a formal demonstration to Yugoslav authorities, Yugoslavia placed an order for two S-92 jet fighters but this was never fulfilled.

In practice, the Czech S-92 performance about as well as the wartime Me 262 but, by the early 1950s, were entirely outclassed by the new crop of fighters emerging from the Soviet Union and in the West. This accounts for the relatively short operational service lives of the Turbina and its low production total. Outwardly, the fighters were faithful to the German design that appeared in April of 1944 and shocked many onlookers.

Most of the available S-92 and CS-92 aircraft were subsequently scrapped though one of each was retained for public showing through the Prague Aviation Museum (now in the Czech Republic).

Avia S-92 Turbina Specifications

Service Year: 1950
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft
National Origin: Czechoslovakia
Manufacturer(s): Avia - Czechoslovakia
Total Production: 12

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 1
Overall Length: 34.78 feet (10.6 meters)
Overall Width: 41.34 feet (12.60 meters)
Overall Height: 11.48 feet (3.50 meters)

Weight (Empty): 8,378 lb (3,800 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 15,719 lb (7,130 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 2 x Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engines developing 1,980lb of thrust each.

Maximum Speed: 486 knots (559 mph; 900 kph)
Maximum Range: 567 nautical miles (652 miles; 1,050 km)
Service Ceiling: 37,566 feet (11,450 meters; 7.11 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,200 feet-per-minute (366 m/min)

Armament / Mission Payload

4 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons in nose.

2 x 550lb OR 2 x 1,100lb conventional drop bombs.
24 x 55mm air-to-surface rockets.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)


Model Variants

S-92 - Base Series Designation; based on the Me 262 A-1a German wartime fighter model.
S-92.1 - Initial prototype
S-92.2 - Second prototype
S-92.7 - Prototype fitted with BMW 003 turbojet engines of 2,094lb thrust each; reverted back to Junkers Jumo 004 untis after testing phase.
CS-92 - Two-seat trainer variant

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