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Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A)

Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft

Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A)

Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Avia of Czechoslovakia continued to build the German wartime Messerschmitt Me 262 - this as the S-92 Turbina.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Czechoslovakia
YEAR: 1950
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Avia - Czechoslovakia
PRODUCTION: 12
OPERATORS: Czechoslovakia
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 34.78 feet (10.6 meters)
WIDTH: 41.34 feet (12.6 meters)
HEIGHT: 11.48 feet (3.5 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 8,378 pounds (3,800 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 15,719 pounds (7,130 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Junkers Jumo 004 turbojet engines developing 1,980lb of thrust each.
SPEED (MAX): 559 miles-per-hour (900 kilometers-per-hour; 486 knots)
RANGE: 652 miles (1,050 kilometers; 567 nautical miles)
CEILING: 37,566 feet (11,450 meters; 7.11 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,200 feet-per-minute (366 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD, FIXED:
4 x 30mm MK 108 autocannons in nose.

OPTIONAL:
2 x 550lb OR 2 x 1,100lb conventional drop bombs.
24 x 55mm air-to-surface rockets.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• S-92 - Base Series Designation; based on the Me 262 A-1a German wartime fighter model.
• S-92.1 - Initial prototype
• S-92.2 - Second prototype
• S-92.7 - Prototype fitted with BMW 003 turbojet engines of 2,094lb thrust each; reverted back to Junkers Jumo 004 untis after testing phase.
• CS-92 - Two-seat trainer variant


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Avia S-92 Turbina (Me 262A) Single-Seat Jet-Powered Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/19/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
As with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 piston-engined fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet-powered fighter's production was also charged to Czechoslovakian factories in the latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945). When the war in Europe ended against Germany's favor in May of 1945, Czechoslovakia still found itself in possession of the equipment required to build both aircraft. These were then rebranded by Avia under the respective designations of S-99/S-199 (based on the Bf 109G) and S-92 "Turbina" (based on the Me 262A).

In the latter case, the Czechs took to producing both the single- and two-seat variants of the German jet fighter as the "S-92" and "CS-92". The S-92 marked the primary fighter form while CS-92 represented two-seat trainer platforms. In 1946, twelve (nine single-seaters and three twin-seaters) were produced for testing and service introduction was announced the following year.

Prototype S-92.1 went airborne for the first time on August 27th, 1946 but an accident claimed this airframe that September. The second prototype, S-92.2, first flew on October 24th, 1946. The two-seat trainer variant saw its first-flight on December 10th, 1946. Another prototype, S-92.7, was outfitted with the uprated BMW 003 series turbojet engine but tests did not prove this offering quite as sound as had been hoped despite the increase to total thrust.

In 1950, the first Czechoslovakian fighter squadron comprised solely of jet fighter aircraft was finally formed but these mounts were kept for only a short time as Soviet jet-powered designs of greater performance and capabilities became available in large supply. After a formal demonstration to Yugoslav authorities, Yugoslavia placed an order for two S-92 jet fighters but this was never fulfilled.

In practice, the Czech S-92 performance about as well as the wartime Me 262 but, by the early 1950s, were entirely outclassed by the new crop of fighters emerging from the Soviet Union and in the West. This accounts for the relatively short operational service lives of the Turbina and its low production total. Outwardly, the fighters were faithful to the German design that appeared in April of 1944 and shocked many onlookers.

Most of the available S-92 and CS-92 aircraft were subsequently scrapped though one of each was retained for public showing through the Prague Aviation Museum (now in the Czech Republic).




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (559mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  PAR
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  BER
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  MSK
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  TKY
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  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Avia S-92 Turbina's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
12
12

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue