MANUFACTURER(S): Antonov OKB / Beriev - Soviet Union / Russia
OPERATORS: Afghanistan; Bulgaria; China; Cuba; Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia; Mongolia; Romania; Russia; Soviet Union; Sudan; Ukraine; Vietnam
LENGTH: 79.56 feet (24.25 meters)
WIDTH: 95.80 feet (29.2 meters)
HEIGHT: 27.30 feet (8.32 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 34,392 pounds (15,600 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 50,706 pounds (23,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x ZMKB Progress AI-24T turboprop engines developing 2,803 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 336 miles-per-hour (540 kilometers-per-hour; 292 knots)
RANGE: 1,634 miles (2,630 kilometers; 1,420 nautical miles)
CEILING: 27,231 feet (8,300 meters; 5.16 miles)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Antonov An-30 (Clank) Transport / Reconnaissance Aircraft.
Entry last updated on 8/18/2018.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Antonov An-30 was developed by Beriev of the Soviet Union during the 1960s as an aerial survey platform. The design was based on the framework established by the earlier Antonov An-24 airliner of 1962. A first-flight, by way of prototype, was had on August 21st, 1967 and service introduction began in July 1968. From the period of 1971 to 1980, some 123 were built covering both civilian and military operators from Bulgaria and China to the Soviet Union and Vietnam.
The An-30 was known to NATO under the codename of "Clank".
Design-wise the An-30 retained much of the form and function of the An-24 that it was originated from. The nose section was obviously reworked for the new role but the aircraft carried a high-wing mainplane arrangement, each seating a turboprop engine at the leading edges. The fuselage was tubular and tapered noticeably at the rear to which a single vertical fin was mounted with low-set horizontal stabilizers. The undercarriage was of a tricycle arrangement and fully-retractable.
As built, the An-30 featured a crew of seven and a length of 79.6 feet, a wingspan of 95.9 feet and a height of 27.2 feet. Empty weight was 34,400 lb against an MTOW of 50,705lb. Power was from 2 x ZMKB Progress AI-24T turboprop engines developing 2,803 horsepower each. Maximum speed reached 335 miles per hour with a cruising speed of 265mph. Range was out to 1,635 miles and the aircraft's service ceiling was 27,230 feet.
The An-24FK served as the only prototype of the An-30's development and this was based on the existing An-24B with a slightly elevated flight deck and navigator's position in the glazed-over nose section. The An-30A was the first in-service production form and introduced into the civilian market through the Ministry of Civil Aviation (Soviet). Some of the stock was also sold off to export customers. The An-30B was the follow-up, militarized model for service in the Soviet Air Force and differed in its avionics suite. Later versions also had countermeasures kits fitted.
The An-30D "Sibiryak" was a long-range development of the An-30A production model. The aircraft were given increased range through larger fuel stores and were equipped with more modern and mission-specific systems. These served in the civilian market.
The An-30FG was a one-off Czech Air Force An-30 which carried Western radar. The An-30M "Meteozashchita" was a weather research platform. The An-30R became an NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) reconnaissance platform for Soviet Air Force service. This mark served handily in the Chernobyl crisis of 1986.
The An-30 series serves in a limited capacity today (2017) with civil operator Aero-Fret in the Congo and Bulgaria, Romania, Russia and Ukraine being the only known military operators.
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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (336mph).
Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the Antonov An-30 (Clank)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units