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Caudron C.440 (Goeland)

France (1935)
National Flag Graphic
Origin: France
Year: 1935
Type: Light Utility Military / Civilian Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Caudron / SNCA du Nord - France
Production: 1,702


Over 1,700 Caudron C.440 Goelands were produced during a service life that covered the inter-war period, World War 2 and the early Cold War years.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Caudron C.440 (Goeland) Light Utility Military / Civilian Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/7/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

French aeronautical engineer Marcel Riffard, an employee of the Caudron concern, designed a new twin-engine light aircraft for the company in the early-1930s that became known as the Caudron C.440 "Goeland". First-flown in 1934, the six-seat, twin-engined, monoplane-winged light utility platform was sold to both private carriers and, later, the French Air Force and French Navy (among others) - seeing service with the latter two during World War 2 (1939-1945). Before the end of its production run, some 1,702 examples were be produced. The type was also pressed into service during the "Miracle of Dunkirk" in 1940.

The Goeland was a conventionally-arranged aircraft with a low-set monoplane wing fitted ahead of midships. The cockpit sat over and behind a short nose assembly. A tail-dragger undercarriage was featured for ground-running. The fuselage tapered to the empennage to which a single, curved vertical stabilizer was fitted. The horizontal planes at the tail were mounted low. The crew numbered two and dimensions included a length of 44.10 feet, a wingspan of 57.8 feet and a height of 11.1 feet. Empty weight was 5,055lb with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 7,715lb. Power was from a pair of Renault 6Q engiens of 220 horsepower each. Performance included a maximum speed of 185 miles per hour, a range out to 620 miles, a service ceiling of 23,000 feet and a rate-of-climb nearing 650 feet-per-minute.
Three prototypes were built to the early C.440 standard and used to prove the design sound. Four C.441 aircraft followed with Renault 6Q-01 engines and slight dihedral of the out wing panels. Counter-rotating propellers were added to the C.444 of which seventeen aircraft were built. The C.445 was similar in form and function but the dihedral seen in the C.441 was increased in this variant - 114 examples followed as did several subvariants. The C.446 "Super Goeland" was seen in just one example. The C.447 was an air ambulance model and 31 were produced to the standard. Seven of the C.448 were manufactured and these carried superchargers at the engines. The C.449 marked the final production form of the Goeland line and numbered 349 examples with various subvariants added to the mix.

Global operators (beyond the French) became Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany (Nazi), Slovakia, Spain and Yugoslavia.

As was the case with many-an-aircraft following the start of World War 2 in September of 1939, the Goeland was requisitioned by the French military services for action in the conflict. These operated until the Fall of France in May-June 1940 and were taken over by the conquering Germans. The Germans used the line in both civilian and military roles while the Slovak Republic commissioned a dozen aircraft (C.445M) during 1942. Following the war, the series entered serial production once more though, at about this time, the Caudron name was absorbed under the SNCA du Nord brand label which made the Goeland a Nord product from then on. Several hundred were built in the post-war period and all operated in civilian market roles.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (186mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Caudron C.440M's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1702
1702


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Global Operators:
Belgium; Bulgaria; France; Nazi Germany; Slovakia; Spain; Yugoslavia
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Caudron C.440M model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
44.88 ft


Meters
13.68 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
57.74 ft


Meters
17.6 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.15 ft


Meters
3.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
5,071 lb


Kilograms
2,300 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
7,716 lb


Kilograms
3,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Renault 6Q engines developing 220 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
186 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
300 kph


Knots
162 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
621 mi


Kilometers
1,000 km


Nautical Miles
540 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
22,966 ft


Meters
7,000 m


Miles
4.35 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
650 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
198 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• C.440 - Base Series Designation; prototype models; three examples produced.
• C.441 - Fitted with Renault 6Q-01 series engines; dihedral outer panel wings; 4 examples.
• C.444 - Counter-rotating propellers; 17 examples.
• C.445 - Increased dihedral out panels; 114 examples.
• C.445/1 - C.445 subvariant; 2 examples.
• C.445/2 - C.445 subvariant; 3 examples.
• C.445/3 - C.445 subvariant; post-WW2 model; 510 examples.
• C.445M - C.445 subvariant; militarized variant; 404 examples.
• C.445R - C.445 subvariant; long-range model; 1 example.
• C.446 "Super Goeland" - 1 example completed.
• C.447 - Air ambulance variant; 31 examples.
• C.448 - Supercharged engines; 7 examples.
• C.449 - Final production model; 349 examples.
• C.449/1 - C.449 subvariant
• C.449/2 - C.449 subvariant
• C.449/3 - C.449 subvariant
• C.449/4 - C.449 subvariant; photographic survey variant outfitted with specialized equipment.
• C.449/5 - C.449 subvariant