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Bloch MB.220

France (1938)
Picture of Bloch MB.220 Passenger Airliner / Military Transport Aircraft

The Bloch MB.220 began life for the French as a passenger-hauler before being requisitioned into military service for the French Air Force during World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Bloch MB.220 Passenger Airliner / Military Transport Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/7/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Marcel Bloch founded Societe des Avions Marcel Bloch in 1928 (today better known as "Dassault)". The concern became a major aero-industry player for the nation of France throughout the 1930s and into the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945). One of its pre-war developments - to see service in the conflict - became the Bloch MB.220.

The MB.220 was conceived of as a passenger transport (airliner) of twin-engine design. The aircraft's appearance was consistent with the period: low monoplane wings being featured, a short nose ahead of the cockpit, and a single-finned tail unit. The aircraft was given a tail-dragger undercarriage arrangement to boot. For power, the company partnered with Gnome-Rhone and installed its 14N series air-cooled radial piston engines of 985 horsepower (each). These would be held in wing nacelles, one per wing unit. Beyond the flight crew of four (including two pilots), the aircraft held ferrying capacity for up to sixteen occupants.

Dimensionally, the MB. 220 featured a length of 63 feet and a wingspan of 74.10 feet. Its empty weight was 15,000lb with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 20,945lb. Performance included a maximum speed of 205 miles per hour, a range out to 870 miles and a service ceiling of 23,000 feet.
A first-flight by way of prototype was had during December of 1935. Air France became the launch customer and sixteen production-quality models then followed with service introduction being had in 1938. With the arrival of war in 1939, the series was adopted by the French Air Force (as basic transports), though only the seventeen mentioned airframes were all that was ever completed, and use of this stock fell between Free French, Vichy French and German forces for their time in the air.

Before the end, a small collection of five was all that was left. In the post-war period, this lot was re-engined to take the American Wright R-1820-97 "Cyclone" engine instead and redesignated as the MB.221. Beyond that, the series fell to aviation history in the years following.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (205mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Bloch MB.220's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
17
17


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: France
Year: 1938
Type: Passenger Airliner / Military Transport Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Societe des Avions Marcel Bloch - France
Production: 17
Global Operators:
France (Free, Vichy); Nazi Germany (limited)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Bloch MB.220 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
4


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
63.16 ft


Meters
19.25 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
74.87 ft


Meters
22.82 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
15,002 lb


Kilograms
6,805 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
20,944 lb


Kilograms
9,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Gnome-Rhone 14N-16/17 air-cooled radial piston engines developing 985 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
205 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
330 kph


Knots
178 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
870 mi


Kilometers
1,400 km


Nautical Miles
756 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
22,966 ft


Meters
7,000 m


Miles
4.35 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• MB.220 - Base Series Designation; 1 prototype and 16 production models completed.
• MB.221 - Five post-World War 2 examples re-engined with Wright R-1820-97 Cyclone engines.