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Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber)

High Speed Bomber Aircraft Proposal

Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber)

High Speed Bomber Aircraft Proposal

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



No prototypes of the proposed Henschel Hs P.87 high speed bomber were built by Germany before the end of World War 2.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1946
MANUFACTURER(S): Henschel - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany (cancelled)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 3
LENGTH: 39.86 feet (12.15 meters)
WIDTH: 45.93 feet (14 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.19 feet (2.8 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 15,432 pounds (7,000 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 19,842 pounds (9,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Daimler-Benz DB610 (2 x DB605) liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 2,200 horsepower and driving 1 or 2 x multi-bladed propeller units at the tail in 'pusher' fashion.
SPEED (MAX): 466 miles-per-hour (750 kilometers-per-hour; 405 knots)
RANGE: 497 miles (800 kilometers; 432 nautical miles)
CEILING: 32,808 feet (10,000 meters; 6.21 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,200 feet-per-minute (671 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



ASSUMED:
2 OR 4 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons in nose section (lower front fuselage sides).

OPTIONAL:
Conventional drop bombs carried underwing (or perhaps a small internal bay).
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• P.87 - Base Project Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber) High Speed Bomber Aircraft Proposal.  Entry last updated on 5/2/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
As the air war of World War 2 evolved, so too did wartime requirements. Eventually the German concept of the Schnellbomber - or 'fast bomber' - emerged with the primary goal of attacking ground targets through conventional drop loads and evading air defenses through sheer speed. This required a well-streamlined form with enough power to both carry the war load and outpace any inbound interceptors.

The Henschel concern of Germany developed the Hs P.87 along these lines. A unique design form was drawn up in which the tail surfaces were fitted ahead of the wing mainplanes to enhance controlling. A rounded fuselage, housing a multi-person crew, was used as the center point. The crew would be stationed at the forward end with the powerplant, avionics and fuel stores towards the rear. The engine would drive one or two propeller units at the tail in 'pusher' fashion. The wing mainplanes, exhibiting sweep along both its leading and trailing edges, was to carry the vertical fins at its tips. Armament would be fitted to the nose as well and a wheeled, retractable tricycle undercarriage fitted.

The crew compartment would be jettisoned as a whole in the event of an emergency so as to have all personnel clear the trailing props.




The proposed engine fit was a single Daimler-Benz DB610 developing 2,200 horsepower and this would be used to drive a multi-bladed propeller unit or a pair of propeller units in contra-rotating fashion. The DB610 was nothing more than a pairing of two DB605 series engines driving a single shaft - which would be the case in the P.87.

The P.87 appeared impressive on paper but there were concerns of wing inefficiency due to the tail-first approach - inducing drag to promote lift, but drag worked against the concept of a high speed bomber. As such a considerable amount of development time would be required to prove a design sound (and there was little experience on the part of German pilots with piloting a pusher aircraft) so the P.87 was abandoned as there were higher priorities for war torn Germany to deal with in the conflict by this point. As such, the P.87 project was ended with little having been accomplished for it.

Some estimated specifications survived including an overall length of 39.9 feet and a maximum speed of 466 miles per hour. Armament would most likely have centered on cannons and bombs would be carried under the wings or within a modest fuselage bomb bay.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (466mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Henschel Hs P.87's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue