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Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber)

Nazi Germany (1946)
Picture of Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber) High Speed Bomber Aircraft Proposal

No prototypes of the proposed Henschel Hs P.87 high speed bomber were built by Germany before the end of World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Henschel Hs P.87 (Schnellbomber) High Speed Bomber Aircraft Proposal.  Entry last updated on 5/2/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

As the air war of World War 2 evolved, so too did wartime requirements. Eventually the German concept of the Schnellbomber - or 'fast bomber' - emerged with the primary goal of attacking ground targets through conventional drop loads and evading air defenses through sheer speed. This required a well-streamlined form with enough power to both carry the war load and outpace any inbound interceptors.

The Henschel concern of Germany developed the Hs P.87 along these lines. A unique design form was drawn up in which the tail surfaces were fitted ahead of the wing mainplanes to enhance controlling. A rounded fuselage, housing a multi-person crew, was used as the center point. The crew would be stationed at the forward end with the powerplant, avionics and fuel stores towards the rear. The engine would drive one or two propeller units at the tail in 'pusher' fashion. The wing mainplanes, exhibiting sweep along both its leading and trailing edges, was to carry the vertical fins at its tips. Armament would be fitted to the nose as well and a wheeled, retractable tricycle undercarriage fitted.

The crew compartment would be jettisoned as a whole in the event of an emergency so as to have all personnel clear the trailing props.
The proposed engine fit was a single Daimler-Benz DB610 developing 2,200 horsepower and this would be used to drive a multi-bladed propeller unit or a pair of propeller units in contra-rotating fashion. The DB610 was nothing more than a pairing of two DB605 series engines driving a single shaft - which would be the case in the P.87.

The P.87 appeared impressive on paper but there were concerns of wing inefficiency due to the tail-first approach - inducing drag to promote lift, but drag worked against the concept of a high speed bomber. As such a considerable amount of development time would be required to prove a design sound (and there was little experience on the part of German pilots with piloting a pusher aircraft) so the P.87 was abandoned as there were higher priorities for war torn Germany to deal with in the conflict by this point. As such, the P.87 project was ended with little having been accomplished for it.

Some estimated specifications survived including an overall length of 39.9 feet and a maximum speed of 466 miles per hour. Armament would most likely have centered on cannons and bombs would be carried under the wings or within a modest fuselage bomb bay.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (466mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Henschel Hs P.87's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1946
Type: High Speed Bomber Aircraft Proposal
Manufacturer(s): Henschel - Nazi Germany
Production: 0
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Henschel Hs P.87 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
3


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
39.86 ft


Meters
12.15 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
45.93 ft


Meters
14 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.19 ft


Meters
2.8 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
15,432 lb


Kilograms
7,000 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
19,842 lb


Kilograms
9,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Daimler-Benz DB610 (2 x DB605) liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 2,200 horsepower and driving 1 or 2 x multi-bladed propeller units at the tail in 'pusher' fashion.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
466 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
750 kph


Knots
405 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
497 mi


Kilometers
800 km


Nautical Miles
432 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
32,808 ft


Meters
10,000 m


Miles
6.21 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
2,200 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
671 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (4):

ASSUMED:
2 OR 4 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannons in nose section (lower front fuselage sides).

OPTIONAL:
Conventional drop bombs carried underwing (or perhaps a small internal bay).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• P.87 - Base Project Designation