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Arsenal-Delanne 10

France (1941)
Picture of Arsenal-Delanne 10 Experimental Biplane Fighter Prototype
Picture of Arsenal-Delanne 10 Experimental Biplane Fighter Prototype

The French-originated Arsenal-Delanne 10 prototype fighter featured a rather unique wing biplane wing arrangement, seating the pair in tandem.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Arsenal-Delanne 10 Experimental Biplane Fighter Prototype.  Entry last updated on 5/19/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

French aero-industry suffered mightily after the Fall of France in June of 1940 and did not recover fully until the 1950s and 1960s. Many in-development aircraft projects were either destroyed, cancelled or taken over by the German conquerors. One such example to fall to the latter fate was the Arsenal-Delanne 10 (Model 10), a unique fighter-type development that was in-the-works by the time of the German invasion of France during World War 2 (1939-1945).

Design work on the Model 10 is attributed to Maurice Delanne with Arsenal de l'Aeronautique providing its production services concerning the prototype. In this way, the aircraft came to carry both the names of the company as well as the designer.

The Model 10 was certainly a strange-looking airplane for it attempted a unique wing mainplane arrangement (tandem-mounted, or 'Nenadovich' configuration) that made it technically categorized as a "biplane". One set of mainplanes was fitted forward of midships and over the fuselage, supported by parallel struts emanating from the low sides of the fuselage. A second set of mainplanes was featured at the aft end of the fuselage (where horizontal tailplanes would have been traditionally held) and mid-mounted along the fuselage sides. To these planes were added vertical surfaces at the wingtips for additional stability and control. One other unique facet of the Model 10's design was the placement of the two-seat cockpit (tandem seating) - this at the extreme aft-end of the fuselage and under heavy framing. Its location was intended to provide the best possible vision for the rear gunner as it theoretically offered a commanding view of the action behind the aircraft.

All other characteristics of the aircraft were consistent with the period - enclosed cockpit, front-mounted engine driving a propeller and all-metal construction.

As built, the Model 10 sported an overall length of 24 feet, a wingspan of 33.1 feet and a height of 9.9 feet. Power was from a single Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs liquid-cooled V12 engine outputting 860 horsepower and driving a three-bladed propeller at the nose.

Proposed armament was 1 x 20mm cannon in a fixed, forward-firing mounting in the fuselage along with 2 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns fitted on set of wings (it is unknown which wing structure would have carried the wing-mounted machine guns). The rear gunner would have had access to 2 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns fitted to a flexible mounting for training the guns onto targets attempting to approach the fighter from the rear. The armament suite was never fitted to the prototype.

The Model 10 prototype (Model 10-C2) was nearing completion at the Arsenal facility in Villacoublay outside of Paris when the German Army rolled into the area and claimed the work during June of 1940. As such, from that period onwards, work was allowed to continue on the fighter but the project had lost its energy for the French engineers. A first-flight was finally had, this during October of 1941, and the flight testing schedule was allowed to see completion. Sometime during July of 1943 the sole specimen was transferred by DFS to German soil for what is perceived to be additional testing and evaluation. It does not appear that any additional notable work on the design was had from then on.

As tested, the Model 10 was able to reach speeds of 342 miles per hour and fly for up to 1.5 hours. Its service ceiling reached 32,810 feet.

Any available statistics for the Arsenal-Delanne 10 Experimental Biplane Fighter Prototype are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (342mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Arsenal-Delanne 10's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: France
Year: 1941
Type: Experimental Biplane Fighter Prototype
Manufacturer(s): Arsenal de l'Aeronautique / Maurice Delanne - France
Production: 1
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
France (cancelled); Nazi Germany (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Arsenal-Delanne 10 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
24.05 ft


Meters
7.33 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
33.17 ft


Meters
10.11 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.84 ft


Meters
3 m

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs liquid-cooled V12 engine developed 860 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
342 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
550 kph


Knots
297 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
513 mi


Kilometers
825 km


Nautical Miles
445 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
32,808 ft


Meters
10,000 m


Miles
6.21 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
2,525 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
770 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

PROPOSED:
1 x 20mm cannon
2 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns in wings (one per wing).
2 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine guns on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Model 10 - Base Series Designation; single flyable prototype completed.