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Henschel Hs 121

Advanced Fighter Trainer Prototype Aircraft

Henschel Hs 121

Advanced Fighter Trainer Prototype Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Henschel Hs 121 - the first aircraft offering by the company - failed to impress German authorities heading into the World War 2 period.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Nazi Germany
YEAR: 1934
MANUFACTURER(S): Henschel Flugzeugwerke A.G. - Nazi Germany
PRODUCTION: 1
OPERATORS: Nazi Germany (not adopted)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Henschel Hs 121 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 23.95 feet (7.3 meters)
WIDTH: 32.81 feet (10 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.19 feet (2.8 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,676 pounds (760 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 2,116 pounds (960 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Argus As 10C 8-cylinder inverted air-cooled inline piston engine developing 240 horsepower and driving a multi-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
SPEED (MAX): 173 miles-per-hour (278 kilometers-per-hour; 150 knots)
RANGE: 345 miles (556 kilometers; 300 nautical miles)
CEILING: 21,325 feet (6,500 meters; 4.04 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,640 feet-per-minute (500 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Hs 121 - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Henschel Hs 121 Advanced Fighter Trainer Prototype Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 1/16/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Henschel Flugzeugwerke A.G. (est. 1933) of Germany had its first aircraft in the Hs 121 of 1934. This design utilized braced high-wing mainplanes as well as an open-air cockpit (seating for one) and featured a fixed undercarriage with spatted wheels. The type was developed to serve as an advanced fighter trainer for the new, and growing, German Luftwaffe but the design was not adopted by the service nor any foreign buyers. Nevertheless, the introduction of this machine gave Henschel its first aircraft ever and paved the way for more designs that followed into World War 2 (1939-1945).

The Hs 121 was a product of its time - relying on proven aircraft qualities while also making the shift to more modern characteristics such as all-metal construction. This Henschel aircraft design was, indeed, comprised largely of metal save for some surfaces being skinned in fabric. A propeller was set within the nose-mounted spinner and this was driven by way of an Argus As 10C series inverted inline pistol engine of 240 horsepower output. The pilot sat aft of the wing mainplane arrangement which, coupled with the long nose of the aircraft, restricted views.

Performance included a maximum speed of 173 miles per hour with a cruising speed nearing 155 miles per hour. The aircraft could manage a service ceiling up to 21,320 feet with a rate-of-climb of 1,640 feet per minute. In-flight endurance was around two hours.

A test article was constructed for presentation to Luftwaffe authorities and this first flew on January 4th, 1934. However, it did not have many qualities to recommend itself and the product was further doomed by poor flight characteristics for an advanced fighter trainer - leaving only a sole example built.

Henschel found more success with their Hs 126 of 1937 which ended as one of the Luftwaffe's most effective short-ranged reconnaissance-minded platforms of World War 2 during the early-going.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (173mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Henschel Hs 121's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
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* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.