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Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager)

Nazi Germany (1945)
Picture of Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager) Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal

The pulse jet-powered Blohm and Voss P.213 was intended as a point defense solution for the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 - it was not adopted.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager) Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal.  Entry last updated on 9/14/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The secret weapons of the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 is a fascinating study of exotic aircraft design. German engineers undertook a myriad of paper projects to generate a war-winner and, while many of these failed to see the light of day, some marked several "firsts" in the field of aviation. Blohm & Voss was one of the German firms competing for various projects sponsored by the Air Ministry and the P.213 was just one of their many creations to appear in the latter stages of the war - in concert with the "Emergency Fighter Program" pushed by the Luftwaffe from the middle of 1944 onward, the service desperately in search of a fighter/interceptor breed to turn the tide of the air war.

In November of 1944, the Air Ministry released a new requirement related to the program calling for a production-friendly, low-cost point defense fighter-interceptor driven by jet power and requiring a crew of one. The aircraft would be a low-risk, direct complement to the Heinkel He 162 which required more production time than desired. As the He 162 was known as the "Volksjager" ("People's Fighter"), the new aircraft would become the "Miniatur-Jager" and be of smaller dimensions.

To go with the intended lightweight airframe it was decided that power was to come from an Argus As 014 pulse jet engine of 610 lb thrust output. This jet had its roots as the powerplant for the Fieseler Fi 103R "Reichenberg", a manned, expendable suicidal missile-aircraft version of the classic V-1 "Buzz Bomb / Doodlebug" (unlike the disposable-minded Fi 103R, the new interceptor would be reusable). All non-critical mission equipment would be kept from the design to keep operating weights in check and armament centered on a simple installation consisting of a single x 30mm MK 108 series automatic cannon. The ammunition store would number 135 projectiles.
The air ministry sought a very simple aircraft where the chief restriction would be in construction material and production time. Performance and armament were to be fitted as needed but it was in getting the new aircraft into the sky in number as quickly as possible. The Miniatur-Jagers would be released against incoming Allied bomber formations in large numbers, swarming the target area and getting off as many shots as possible in bringing the large targets down. Engagement ranges would be close to both target and forward operating bases.

Blohm & Voss joined competitors Heinkel and Junkers in attempting to fulfill the requirement and developed their P.213 against it. The result was a compact design of 6.2 meter overall length with a wingspan measuring 6 meters. The crewman sat forward in the deep fuselage that featured a cut-off nose for aspiration of the of the pulse jet engine. The engine was partially buried in the lower section of the fuselage and its exposed jet pipe extended out under a slim tail stem. The tail stem held a pair of downward-turned planes (inverted butterfly) for control and the wing mainplanes themselves were shoulder-mounted and fitted immediately aft of the cockpit. The mainplanes exhibited straight leading edge lines and forward-swept trailing edge lines. The canopy was of a three-piece design and offered presumably excellent vision out over the nose and to the sides of the aircraft. A tricycle undercarriage (wholly retractable, compressed air-operated) was part of this futuristic-looking fighter design. The MK 108 cannon was buried in the nose near the feet of the pilot - whose position was protected by armor. Overall weight of the aircraft was judged to be around 3,435 pounds (Take-Off).

To counter potentially lethal buffeting of the pulse jet engine within the fuselage (as experienced in the Messerschmitt Me 328 "parasite fighter" program), the engine was held in place by brackets offering the needed flexibility during high-speed flight. A section of flexible tubing was to be used for the intake section leading from the nose to the face of the pulse jet engine. The engine was expected to provide speeds of up to 435 miles per hour with a range out to 775 miles but, because pulse jets required assistance to reach a minimum operating speed, rocket boosters would most likely be added for take-off actions (and jettisoned post-launch).

The P.213 joined the many other Luftwaffe-bound projects that were not selected for further development before the end of the war. Indeed, the Miniatur-Jager concept was all but abandoned even before the end of 1944 so no physical aircraft from anyone manufacturer were completed. The closest adoption became the Bachem Ba 349 "Viper" which first-flew in March of 1945 (and killed its test pilot) and was followed by 36 production-quality units. The rather optimistic Viper program was not a success.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (435mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1945
Type: Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal
Manufacturer(s): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
Production: 0
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
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Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
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Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
20.34 ft


Meters
6.2 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
19.69 ft


Meters
6 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
8.20 ft


Meters
2.5 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
2,205 lb


Kilograms
1,000 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
3,439 lb


Kilograms
1,560 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Argus As 014 pulse jet engine developing 660lb of thrust; rocket-assisted take-off assumed.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
435 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
700 kph


Knots
378 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
777 mi


Kilometers
1,250 km


Nautical Miles
675 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
32,808 ft


Meters
10,000 m


Miles
6.21 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
4,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
1,219 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

PROPOSED:
1 x 30mm MK 108 automatic cannon in nose.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• P.213 - Base Project Designation