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Blohm and Voss Bv P.196

Nazi Germany (1946)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Blohm and Voss Bv P.196 Jet-Powered Ground-Attack / Ground-Support Aircraft Proposal.

 Entry last updated on 1/11/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Blohm and Voss Bv P.196  
Picture of Blohm and Voss Bv P.196 Jet-Powered Ground-Attack / Ground-Support Aircraft Proposal

The Blohm and Voss P.196 project was essentially a completely rewritten Bv 141 - made more conventional so as to sway the German Air Ministry.

Blohm & Voss failed to sell the German Luftwaffe on the idea of their asymmetric Bv 141 aircraft as a ground-attack platform. The service had long been searching for a replacement for their Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" dive bombers and few challengers arose. The Bv 141 was simply too "different" in the scope of the war, seating its crew in a starboard side nacelle while keeping the engine and tail unit attached to an unmanned fuselage along portside. In testing the aircraft performed as designed and handling was good, enough to warrant production of some twenty of the type as tactical reconnaissance aircraft. The design was attributed to Dr. Richard Vogt.

Vogt then redrew the Bv 141 into a more conventional offering for the ground-support role as the P.196. This aircraft exhibited a traditional twin-boom arrangement and was to be powered by a pair of turbojet engines (2 x BMW 003 turbojets of 2,425lb thrust each). The engine nacelles were paired and mounted under the cockpit. The cockpit was given a bubble-style canopy for excellent vision and set just aft of a short nosecone assembly. The booms protruded s short distance ahead of the wing leading edges and passed through the trailing edges, joined by a single horizontal plane at the rear. Each boom end was given a vertical fin.

A bomb load of 2 x 1,100lb would have been carried. Each bomb would have been carried within the forward sections of the tail booms. There is also mention of a four-cannon armament scheme fitted to the nose.

The position of the jet nacelles made it such that a tricycle undercarriage could not be fitted. This left the design to reply on an unorthodox version of the tried-and-true tail-dragger arrangement. The single-wheeled main legs were fitted near the frontal section of the booms and retracted towards the wing roots. The smaller tailwheels were left to retract into their respective tail boom housings at the rear. The aircraft would therefore have a four-point stance while ground-running - born of necessity. Power was slated to come from a pair of BMW 003 series turbojets of unknown thrust output.

German Air Ministry officials were not interested in the project and the P.196 fell to history. Other aircraft went on to carry out the ground-attack /-support role into the waning weeks of the war.

Specifications and aircraft dimensions on this page are estimated on the part of the author.

Any available statistics for the Blohm and Voss Bv P.196 Jet-Powered Ground-Attack / Ground-Support Aircraft Proposal are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Blohm and Voss Bv P.196 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Nazi Germany
Year: 1946
Type: Jet-Powered Ground-Attack / Ground-Support Aircraft Proposal
Manufacturer(s): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
Production: 0
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 2
Length: 52.49 ft (16 m)
Width: 65.62 ft (20.00 m)
Height: 13.78 ft (4.20 m)
Empty Weight: 17,637 lb (8,000 kg)
MTOW: 26,455 lb (12,000 kg)

Installed Power
2 x BMW 003 turbojet engines developing 2,425lb of thrust each.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 454 mph (730 kph; 394 kts)
Maximum Range: 646 mi (1,040 km; 562 nm)
Service Ceiling: 32,808 ft (10,000 m; 6.21 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,900 ft/min (579 m/min)

4 x Cannons fitted to the nose assembly.

2 x 1,100lb conventional drop bombs (or similar) held in tail boom sections.

Operators List
Nazi Germany (cancelled)

Series Model Variants
• P.196 - Base Project Designation

Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition