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Halberstadt D.II / D.III

Imperial Germany (1916)
Picture of Halberstadt D.II / D.III Biplane Fighter

The Halberstadt D.II became a refined form of the original D.I prototype fighter - production reached beyond 125 units during World War 1.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Halberstadt D.II / D.III Biplane Fighter.  Entry last updated on 12/9/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Halberstadt D.II was the embodiment of the earlier D.I prototype of only which two were completed (and detailed elsewhere on this site). The D.II served as a refined form and did away with the former model's cumbersome radiator fit and improved upon cockpit visibility by way of a raised position for the pilot. In all other respects, however, the D.II remained faithful to the D.I and retained its wings, fuselage, tail unit and starboard-side mounted 1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun. Power to the newer aircraft stemmed from a Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder engine of 120 horsepower and this was used to drive a two-bladed propeller at the nose. Early D.II aircraft carried the D.I's balanced ailerons as well but these were discard later in the production run in favor of a chord-width unbalanced set.

Design of the aircraft was attributed to Karl Theis.

Production of the D.II model, based on findings from evaluation of the D.I, began with a batch order for twelve units and this led to a follow-on order for twenty-four more fighters. which appeared in both the D.II and D.III guise, the latter outfitted with the Argus As. II engine of 120 (this fit originally seen in the original D.I prototype of 1915). An additional thirty D.III models then followed by these were superseded by the improved D.V variant while still on the production lines. License manufacture of the D.II was also taken up by competitors Aviatik and Hannover, delivering the Aviatik D.I and Hannover D.I respectively. Each company added thirty aircraft to the total.

As robust as the D.II was in wartime service, its now-obsolete nature led to its retirement from frontline duties as soon as 1917 - such was the speed of technology during the war.

The Halberstadt D.II also fought for Ottoman Empire forces in the Middle East Theater.

Any available statistics for the Halberstadt D.II / D.III Biplane Fighter are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (93mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era Impact
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
126
126


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1916
Classification Type: Biplane Fighter
Manufacturer(s): Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke (Halberstadt) / Aviatik / Hannover - German Empire
Production Units: 126
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany; Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Halberstadt D.II model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
23.95 ft


Meters
7.3 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
28.87 ft


Meters
8.8 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
8.69 ft


Meters
2.65 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,146 lb


Kilograms
520 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,609 lb


Kilograms
730 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Mercedes D.II six-cylinder inline piston engine developing 120 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
93 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
150 kph


Knots
81 kts


Performance
CEILING


Feet
13,123 ft


Meters
4,000 m


Miles
2.49 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
680 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
207 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun in fixed, forward-facing mounting along starboard side of the fuselage.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• D.II - Base Series Designation