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Halberstadt D.II / D.III

Biplane Fighter

Halberstadt D.II / D.III

Biplane Fighter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Halberstadt D.II became a refined form of the original D.I prototype fighter - production reached beyond 125 units during World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Imperial Germany
YEAR: 1916
MANUFACTURER(S): Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke (Halberstadt) / Aviatik / Hannover - German Empire
PRODUCTION: 126
OPERATORS: Imperial Germany; Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Halberstadt D.II / D.III model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 23.95 feet (7.3 meters)
WIDTH: 28.87 feet (8.8 meters)
HEIGHT: 8.69 feet (2.65 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,146 pounds (520 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 1,609 pounds (730 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Mercedes D.II six-cylinder inline piston engine developing 120 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.
SPEED (MAX): 93 miles-per-hour (150 kilometers-per-hour; 81 knots)
CEILING: 13,123 feet (4,000 meters; 2.49 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 680 feet-per-minute (207 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun in fixed, forward-facing mounting along starboard side of the fuselage.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• D.II - Base Series Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Halberstadt D.II / D.III Biplane Fighter.  Entry last updated on 12/9/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Halberstadt D.II was the embodiment of the earlier D.I prototype of only which two were completed (and detailed elsewhere on this site). The D.II served as a refined form and did away with the former model's cumbersome radiator fit and improved upon cockpit visibility by way of a raised position for the pilot. In all other respects, however, the D.II remained faithful to the D.I and retained its wings, fuselage, tail unit and starboard-side mounted 1 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine gun. Power to the newer aircraft stemmed from a Mercedes D.II 6-cylinder engine of 120 horsepower and this was used to drive a two-bladed propeller at the nose. Early D.II aircraft carried the D.I's balanced ailerons as well but these were discard later in the production run in favor of a chord-width unbalanced set.

Design of the aircraft was attributed to Karl Theis.

Production of the D.II model, based on findings from evaluation of the D.I, began with a batch order for twelve units and this led to a follow-on order for twenty-four more fighters. which appeared in both the D.II and D.III guise, the latter outfitted with the Argus As. II engine of 120 (this fit originally seen in the original D.I prototype of 1915). An additional thirty D.III models then followed by these were superseded by the improved D.V variant while still on the production lines. License manufacture of the D.II was also taken up by competitors Aviatik and Hannover, delivering the Aviatik D.I and Hannover D.I respectively. Each company added thirty aircraft to the total.

As robust as the D.II was in wartime service, its now-obsolete nature led to its retirement from frontline duties as soon as 1917 - such was the speed of technology during the war.

The Halberstadt D.II also fought for Ottoman Empire forces in the Middle East Theater.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (93mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
126
126

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue