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Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1

Imperial Germany (1914)
Picture of Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype

The Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 biplane fighter only managed the prototype stage before attention turned to the more promising Nr.2 model.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype.  Entry last updated on 12/1/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

During 1914, the Schwade concern of Erfurt, Germany worked on a new biplane fighter design known as the "Nr.1". This aircraft relied on a traditional biplane wing arrangement (over-and-under members) braced through cabling and parallel struts. The wings sat over and under a smallish circular fuselage nacelle which contained seating for one in an open-air cockpit. The tail section was held out from the mass of the aircraft by way of triangular struts which also supported the tail surfaces. The fuselage nacelle also contained the powerplant and armament fit. The former was arranged in a "pusher" configuration driving a two-bladed wooden propeller while the latter became a single machine gun on a flexible mounting. The undercarriage was of a simple two-legged, two-wheeled configuration with a tailskid supporting the rear.

Its design was very consistent with early-World War 1 aircraft - simple, fragile and making due for lack of better alternatives. Since the engine was arranged at the rear of the nacelle, the machine gun at the nose was given clear firing arcs and armament was made up of 1 x 7.92mm Bergmann LMG 15 series machine gun. Despite the gun's flexibility, it became awkward for the pilot to control his aircraft while also being asked to train his weapon on a moving target in the sky.

Power for the design came from a Schwade Stahlherz 7-cylinder rotary piston engine developing 80 horsepower.

Despite the commitment to bringing the Nr.1 to fruition, only a single example was completed before attention turned to the more promising Nr.2 design twin-boom biplane fighter design.

Any available statistics for the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (62mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1914
Classification Type: Biplane Fighter Protoype
Manufacturer(s): Otto Schwade - German Empire
Production Units: 1
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany (cancelled)
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
102.53 ft


Meters
31.25 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
158.79 ft


Meters
48.4 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
39.37 ft


Meters
12 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,433 lb


Kilograms
650 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,764 lb


Kilograms
800 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Schwade Stahlherz 7-cylinder rotary engine developing 80 horsepower and arranged in a pusher configuration driving a two-bladed propeller unit.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
62 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
100 kph


Knots
54 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
186 mi


Kilometers
300 km


Nautical Miles
162 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
9,843 ft


Meters
3,000 m


Miles
1.86 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

1 x 7.92mm Bergmann LMG 15 machine gun on a flexible mounting fitted to the nose.
Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Nr.1 - Base Series Designation; single example completed.