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Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1

Imperial Germany (1914)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype.

 Entry last updated on 12/1/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1  
Picture of Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype

The Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 biplane fighter only managed the prototype stage before attention turned to the more promising Nr.2 model.

During 1914, the Schwade concern of Erfurt, Germany worked on a new biplane fighter design known as the "Nr.1". This aircraft relied on a traditional biplane wing arrangement (over-and-under members) braced through cabling and parallel struts. The wings sat over and under a smallish circular fuselage nacelle which contained seating for one in an open-air cockpit. The tail section was held out from the mass of the aircraft by way of triangular struts which also supported the tail surfaces. The fuselage nacelle also contained the powerplant and armament fit. The former was arranged in a "pusher" configuration driving a two-bladed wooden propeller while the latter became a single machine gun on a flexible mounting. The undercarriage was of a simple two-legged, two-wheeled configuration with a tailskid supporting the rear.

Its design was very consistent with early-World War 1 aircraft - simple, fragile and making due for lack of better alternatives. Since the engine was arranged at the rear of the nacelle, the machine gun at the nose was given clear firing arcs and armament was made up of 1 x 7.92mm Bergmann LMG 15 series machine gun. Despite the gun's flexibility, it became awkward for the pilot to control his aircraft while also being asked to train his weapon on a moving target in the sky.

Power for the design came from a Schwade Stahlherz 7-cylinder rotary piston engine developing 80 horsepower.

Despite the commitment to bringing the Nr.1 to fruition, only a single example was completed before attention turned to the more promising Nr.2 design twin-boom biplane fighter design.
Any available statistics for the Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Biplane Fighter Protoype are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).
Schwade Kampfeinsitzer Nr.1 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Imperial Germany
Year: 1914
Type: Biplane Fighter Protoype
Manufacturer(s): Otto Schwade - German Empire
Production: 1
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 1
Length: 102.53 ft (31.25 m)
Width: 158.79 ft (48.40 m)
Height: 39.37 ft (12.00 m)
Empty Weight: 1,433 lb (650 kg)
MTOW: 1,764 lb (800 kg)

Installed Power
1 x Schwade Stahlherz 7-cylinder rotary engine developing 80 horsepower and arranged in a pusher configuration driving a two-bladed propeller unit.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 62 mph (100 kph; 54 kts)
Maximum Range: 186 mi (300 km; 162 nm)
Service Ceiling: 9,843 ft (3,000 m; 1.86 mi)

1 x 7.92mm Bergmann LMG 15 machine gun on a flexible mounting fitted to the nose.

Operators List
Imperial Germany (cancelled)

Series Model Variants
• Nr.1 - Base Series Designation; single example completed.