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Schutte-Lanz D.I

Imperial Germany (1915)
Picture of Schutte-Lanz D.I Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype

The Schutte-Lanz D.I arrived at a time when multi-winged fighter aircraft were not yet en vogue - leaving just one flyable prototype completed.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Schutte-Lanz D.I Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype.  Entry last updated on 11/6/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Air power would play a crucial role in World War 1 (1914-1918) and all major global players invested heavily in the newfound instrument-of-war. For the German Empire, there seemed no shortage of available types and this stock went on to include classic designs, "one-offs" and dedicated models to serve specific over-battlefield roles. One of the lesser-known contributors to the German cause was Schutte-Lanz, a concern better remembered for its commitment to rigid airships. Founded in 1909, the company also went on to design, develop and produce a series of fighting aircraft.

The line was begun by the Schutte-Lanz D.I designed by W. Hillmann and Walter Stein. It was of conventional arrangement and construction, the latter featuring a wooden substructure with fabric skinning. The biplane wing wings incorporated a staggered approach with single bays formed by the parallel struts in play. A single-seat, open-air cockpit was seated aft of the nose-mounted engine. The tail unit showcased a small-area vertical fin with low-set horizontal planes. As with other aircraft of the period, a tail-dragger undercarriage was used that was wheeled at the main legs and fixed in place during flight. In several respects, the design was influenced by the popular British-originated Sopwith Tabloid.

Power was derived from an Oberursel U.0 7-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine of 80 horsepower driving a two bladed propeller at the nose. This engine was a local copy of the French-made Gnome Rhone 7 rotary engine. Maximum speed reached 84 miles per hour.

Structurally the aircraft exhibited a length of 17.8 feet and a wingspan of 24.6 feet.
It is said that the D.I represented Germany's first true biplane fighter when it was flown for the first time in 1915. Prior to this, the monoplane was the king of the skies for authorities were not sold on the concept of a multi-winged platform just yet - mainly due to the fact that vision out-of-the-cockpit suffered mightily with the double-layer wings. Interestingly, all this would soon change during the course of the war where two-, three- and even four-winged aircraft began to gain more favor and popularity than the earlier monoplane.

Nevertheless, the D.I was tested during 1915 but failed to impress the proper authorities. The aircraft was modified some to become the D.II but this design appears to have had an even lesser impact. Only a single D.I was ever completed and flown.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (84mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Schutte-Lanz D.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1915
Classification Type: Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype
Manufacturer(s): Schutte-Lanz - German Empire
Production Units: 1
Operational Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany (cancelled)
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Schutte-Lanz D.I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
17.72 ft


Meters
5.4 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
24.61 ft


Meters
7.5 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,433 lb


Kilograms
650 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,852 lb


Kilograms
840 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Oberursel U.0 7-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine developing 80 horsepower and driving a two-bladed propeller at the nose.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
84 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
135 kph


Knots
73 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
280 mi


Kilometers
450 km


Nautical Miles
243 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
9,843 ft


Meters
3,000 m


Miles
1.86 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

ASSUMED:
2 x 7.92mm machine guns mounted over the nose and synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• D.I - Base Series Designation; single example completed.