Military Factory logo
Icon of a dollar sign
Icon of military officer saluting
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships

Tupolev Tu-334

Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner Prototype

Tupolev Tu-334

Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner Prototype

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



Just two prototypes were built for the now-abandoned Tupolev Tu-334 narrow-body passenger airliner program - a first-flight was had during 1999.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Russia
YEAR: 1999
STATUS: Cancelled
MANUFACTURER(S): Tupolev OKB / United Aircraft Corporation - Russia; Iran Aviation Organization (IAIO) - Iran
PRODUCTION: 2
OPERATORS: Iran (cancelled); Russia (cancelled)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Tupolev Tu-334 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 102.53 feet (31.25 meters)
WIDTH: 97.44 feet (29.7 meters)
HEIGHT: 30.84 feet (9.4 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 63,934 pounds (29,000 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 105,601 pounds (47,900 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Progress D-436T1 turbofan engines developing 16,500lb of thrust each.
SPEED (MAX): 528 miles-per-hour (850 kilometers-per-hour; 459 knots)
RANGE: 1,957 miles (3,150 kilometers; 1,701 nautical miles)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Tu-334 - Base Series Designation; two prototypes completed and flown.
• Tu-334-100 - Standard single- or two-class arrangement.
• Tu-334-100C - Passenger-cargo combination model
• Tu-334-120 - Fitted with 2 x RR BR715-55 turbofan engines.
• Tu-334-100D - Stretched fuselage model; longer-range performance.
• Tu-334-120D - Fitted with 2 x RR BR715-55 turbofan engines.
• Tu-336 - Proposed model utilizing natural gas fuel.
• Tu-354 (Tu-334-200) - Proposed lengthened model with seating for up to 126 passengers.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Tupolev Tu-334 Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner Prototype.  Entry last updated on 5/15/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
At one point in recent history, the Tu-334 stood as a new entry in the narrow-body jet airliner market for the storied Tupolev concern. Work began in the 1990s though the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 hindered development considerably. After the Russian aero-industry was nationalized in 2009, work on the Tu-334 was stopped and the project officially ended shortly thereafter. Two prototypes were built for the program that cost roughly over 4! billion USD.

The Tu-334 had its origins in the Tu-204 narrow-body of 1995 of which 82 were ultimately made. The Tu-334 was shorter and thicker in fuselage design and incorporated more efficiency measures - both in fuel and aerodynamics. The general arrangement was highly conventional with a two-person flight deck, centralized passenger section and low-mounted, swept-back wing mainplanes. The tail unit was of a T-style and the engines held outboard of the aft fuselage. The undercarriage was of a tricycle arrangement.

A stripped-down prototype was unveiled in 1995 and a first-flight was not had until February 8th, 1999. Certification followed in December of 2003 and orders from seven carriers, both foreign and local, were locked in and there proved the potential for nearly 300 units going forward. Iran also worked to secure local, licensed production of the type. The Tu-334 performed at the MAKS airshow in Moscow in 2007.

Of course all this came to naught with the cancellation of the long-gestating program in 2009. Russian industry instead moved to develop other similar competitors such as the Sukhoi SuperJet 100 (detailed elsewhere on this site).

The Tu-334 was planned in several variants beginning with the standard Tu-334-100 which would have seated 72 passengers in a two-class configuration or 100 in a single-class configuration. This aircraft was slated to carry 2 x Progress D-436T1 turbofan engines outputting 16,500 lb of thrust each and cruise at speeds of 510 miles per hour and range out to 1,700 nautical miles. Overall length was 102.6 feet and wingspan was 97.7 feet with a height of 30.8 feet. Empty weight was 63,825lb against an MTOW of 105,600lb.

The Tu-334-100C was to serve as a combination passenger-cargo hauler and the Tu-334-120 was to be developed with 2 x Rolls-Royce BR715-55 turbofan engines. The Tu-334-100D was to receive a fuselage lengthening (up to 21 inches) as well as wider-spanning wings while being powered by 2 x Progress D-436T2 turbofan engines. The Tu-334-120D, based in the Tu-334-100D, would have switched to the BR715-55 engines from Rolls-Royce. The Tu-336 was a more experimental platform in that it was to be fueled by liquid natural gas and the Tu-354 (formerly the Tu-334-200) was to become another stretched option (150 inches) and feature seating for some 126 passengers. Engine options ranged between the aforementioned Progress and Rolls-Royce types.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (528mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Tupolev Tu-334's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
2
2

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.