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Pfalz A.I

Imperial Germany (1914)
Picture of Pfalz A.I Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft

About sixty A.I unarmed reconnaissance platforms were built by Pfalz of Germany and many saw service with Bavarian units during World War 1.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Pfalz A.I Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/21/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The early phases of World War 1 (1914-1918) involved several notable monoplane-winged aircraft prior to the switch to more maneuverable and stable biplane-arranged designs. One of the more quantitative types on hand became the French-originated Morane-Saulnier "Type L", a monoplane produced in about 600 examples from 1914 onward. It was adopted by many world powers prior to the war including Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. A first-flight of the design was had back in August 1913.

Pfalz of Germany managed to arrange a local-license contract from Morane-Saulnier before the fighting began and produced the type as the Pfalz "A.1". Availability was limited and the aircraft fought mainly with Bavarian forces due to Pfalz being headquartered in the region. The A.I series was produced as a two-seat unarmed scouting platform and the series consisted of two major marks - the base A.I with its Oberursel engine of 80 horsepower, and the A.II with the uprated Oberursel engine of 100 horsepower. Total production yielded just sixty aircraft and some that fell to German units were eventually fielded with a single Spandau LMG 08 series machine gun.

The aircraft series fared well enough as early-war unarmed reconnaissance platforms went. Ultimately they were superseded in both capability and performance by more advanced types quickly getting airborne. Performance including a maximum speed of 83 miles per hour with a service ceiling up to 9,842 feet. Endurance was up to four hours.

Any available statistics for the Pfalz A.I Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (84mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
Relative Operational Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Pfalz A.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Impact
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
60
60


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1914
Classification Type: Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Pfalz Flugzeugwerke - German Empire
Production Units: 60
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Pfalz A.I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
22.64 ft


Meters
6.9 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
36.75 ft


Meters
11.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.15 ft


Meters
3.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,102 lb


Kilograms
500 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
1,323 lb


Kilograms
600 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Oberursel U.0 engine of 80 horsepower driving two-bladed propeller at the nose.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
84 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
135 kph


Knots
73 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
311 mi


Kilometers
500 km


Nautical Miles
270 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
9,843 ft


Meters
3,000 m


Miles
1.86 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.92mm Spandau LMG 08 machine gun.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• A.I - Base Series Designation; original model with Oberursel engine of 80 horsepower.
• A.II - Follow-on model with Oberursel engine of 100 horsepower output; optional 7.92mm machine gun.