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Pfalz A.I - Imperial Germany, 1914

Detailing the development and operational history of the Pfalz A.I Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 11/21/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Pfalz A.I  
Picture of Pfalz A.I

About sixty A.I unarmed reconnaissance platforms were built by Pfalz of Germany and many saw service with Bavarian units during World War 1.

The early phases of World War 1 (1914-1918) involved several notable monoplane-winged aircraft prior to the switch to more maneuverable and stable biplane-arranged designs. One of the more quantitative types on hand became the French-originated Morane-Saulnier "Type L", a monoplane produced in about 600 examples from 1914 onward. It was adopted by many world powers prior to the war including Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. A first-flight of the design was had back in August 1913.

Pfalz of Germany managed to arrange a local-license contract from Morane-Saulnier before the fighting began and produced the type as the Pfalz "A.1". Availability was limited and the aircraft fought mainly with Bavarian forces due to Pfalz being headquartered in the region. The A.I series was produced as a two-seat unarmed scouting platform and the series consisted of two major marks - the base A.I with its Oberursel engine of 80 horsepower, and the A.II with the uprated Oberursel engine of 100 horsepower. Total production yielded just sixty aircraft and some that fell to German units were eventually fielded with a single Spandau LMG 08 series machine gun.

The aircraft series fared well enough as early-war unarmed reconnaissance platforms went. Ultimately they were superseded in both capability and performance by more advanced types quickly getting airborne. Performance including a maximum speed of 83 miles per hour with a service ceiling up to 9,842 feet. Endurance was up to four hours.

Pfalz A.I Specifications

Service Year: 1914
Type: Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Manufacturer(s): Pfalz Flugzeugwerke - German Empire
Total Production: 60

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 2
Overall Length: 22.64 feet (6.9 meters)
Overall Width: 36.75 feet (11.20 meters)
Overall Height: 11.15 feet (3.40 meters)

Weight (Empty): 1,102 lb (500 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 1,323 lb (600 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 1 x Oberursel U.0 engine of 80 horsepower driving two-bladed propeller at the nose.

Maximum Speed: 73 knots (84 mph; 135 kph)
Maximum Range: 270 nautical miles (311 miles; 500 km)
Service Ceiling: 9,843 feet (3,000 meters; 1.86 miles)

Armament / Mission Payload

1 x 7.92mm Spandau LMG 08 machine gun.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

Imperial Germany

Model Variants

A.I - Base Series Designation; original model with Oberursel engine of 80 horsepower.
A.II - Follow-on model with Oberursel engine of 100 horsepower output; optional 7.92mm machine gun.

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