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Pfalz A.I

Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft

Pfalz A.I

Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



About sixty A.I unarmed reconnaissance platforms were built by Pfalz of Germany and many saw service with Bavarian units during World War 1.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Imperial Germany
YEAR: 1914
MANUFACTURER(S): Pfalz Flugzeugwerke - German Empire
PRODUCTION: 60
OPERATORS: Imperial Germany
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Pfalz A.I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
LENGTH: 22.64 feet (6.9 meters)
WIDTH: 36.75 feet (11.2 meters)
HEIGHT: 11.15 feet (3.4 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,102 pounds (500 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 1,323 pounds (600 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Oberursel U.0 engine of 80 horsepower driving two-bladed propeller at the nose.
SPEED (MAX): 84 miles-per-hour (135 kilometers-per-hour; 73 knots)
RANGE: 311 miles (500 kilometers; 270 nautical miles)
CEILING: 9,843 feet (3,000 meters; 1.86 miles)




ARMAMENT



OPTIONAL:
1 x 7.92mm Spandau LMG 08 machine gun.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• A.I - Base Series Designation; original model with Oberursel engine of 80 horsepower.
• A.II - Follow-on model with Oberursel engine of 100 horsepower output; optional 7.92mm machine gun.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Pfalz A.I Two-Seat Unarmed Reconnaissance Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/21/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The early phases of World War 1 (1914-1918) involved several notable monoplane-winged aircraft prior to the switch to more maneuverable and stable biplane-arranged designs. One of the more quantitative types on hand became the French-originated Morane-Saulnier "Type L", a monoplane produced in about 600 examples from 1914 onward. It was adopted by many world powers prior to the war including Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom. A first-flight of the design was had back in August 1913.

Pfalz of Germany managed to arrange a local-license contract from Morane-Saulnier before the fighting began and produced the type as the Pfalz "A.1". Availability was limited and the aircraft fought mainly with Bavarian forces due to Pfalz being headquartered in the region. The A.I series was produced as a two-seat unarmed scouting platform and the series consisted of two major marks - the base A.I with its Oberursel engine of 80 horsepower, and the A.II with the uprated Oberursel engine of 100 horsepower. Total production yielded just sixty aircraft and some that fell to German units were eventually fielded with a single Spandau LMG 08 series machine gun.

The aircraft series fared well enough as early-war unarmed reconnaissance platforms went. Ultimately they were superseded in both capability and performance by more advanced types quickly getting airborne. Performance including a maximum speed of 83 miles per hour with a service ceiling up to 9,842 feet. Endurance was up to four hours.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (84mph).

    Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Pfalz A.I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
60
60

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
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CAS
Training
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Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
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SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
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