MANUFACTURER(S): Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) - India
OPERATORS: India (projected)
LENGTH: 52.49 feet (16 meters)
WIDTH: 43.31 feet (13.2 meters)
HEIGHT: 16.40 feet (5 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 4,211 pounds (1,910 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 6,945 pounds (3,150 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x HAL (Turbomeca) "Shakti" 1U turboshaft engine developing 1,706 horsepower and driving four-blade main rotor and four-blade tail rotor.
SPEED (MAX): 155 miles-per-hour (250 kilometers-per-hour; 135 knots)
RANGE: 217 miles (350 kilometers; 189 nautical miles)
CEILING: 21,325 feet (6,500 meters; 4.04 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,500 feet-per-minute (457 meters-per-minute)
Detailing the development and operational history of the HAL LUH (Light Utility Helicopter) Multirole Lightweight Single-Engine Utility Helicopter.
Entry last updated on 12/31/2016.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) of India is developing the "Light Utility Helicopter" (LUH) to fulfill a joint-service requirement for its Army and Air Force calling for a light-class multi-role utility platform. A first-flight was recorded on September 6th, 2016 and the product remains in development with a single example completed. It was originally expected to take to the air during 2015 but delays in the program have seen mounting delays in project goals.
At its core, the helicopter is a traditionally-arranged, rotary-winged aircraft seating the single engine installation over the passenger cabin roof. In the cockpit is seating for two in a side-by-side arrangement. The cabin seats an additional six. Automobile-style doors grant access to the cockpit with sliding doors giving entry/exit to the passenger space. Power is from a HAL (French Turbomeca) "Shakti" Model 1U turboshaft engine delivering 1,706 horsepower to a four-bladed main rotor over the fuselage and a four-bladed tail rotor offset to starboard. Vertical tail fins straddle the tail stem along its midway point and a sole vertical fin sits atop the extreme aft portion of the stem proper. The undercarriage is of a fixed skid-type arrangement, reducing the maintenance commitment, simplifying production and limiting per-unit procurement costs.
To date (2016), the Indian military is contracted for 384 total LUH systems with 187 set to be manufactured by HAL beginning in 2018. Further production will stem from elsewhere.
The LUH is one of several indigenous Indian aviation ventures, showcasing a desire to become more self-sufficient in the field of military equipment. Considering India is one of the top global importers of such goods, it behooves the nation to invest heavily into its own defense.
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Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
This entry's maximum listed speed (155mph).
Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
Graph showcases the HAL LUH (Light Utility Helicopter)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units