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Avioane IAR 95 Spey

Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Proposal

Avioane IAR 95 Spey

Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Proposal

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Avioane IAR 95 Spey was a short-lived Romanian attempt at a lightweight, all-modern multirole fighter.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Romania
YEAR: 1980
MANUFACTURER(S): Avioane Craiova - Romania
PRODUCTION: 0
OPERATORS: Romania (cancelled)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Avioane IAR 95 Spey model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1 or 2
LENGTH: 52.49 feet (16 meters)
WIDTH: 30.51 feet (9.3 meters)
HEIGHT: 17.88 feet (5.45 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 17,372 pounds (7,880 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 33,510 pounds (15,200 kilograms)
ENGINE: PROPOSED: 1 x Tumansky R-29-300 turbofan engine developing 18,300lb of thrust on dry and 27,500lb with afterburner.
SPEED (MAX): 963 miles-per-hour (1550 kilometers-per-hour; 837 knots)
RANGE: 1,367 miles (2,200 kilometers; 1,188 nautical miles)
CEILING: 50,853 feet (15,500 meters; 9.63 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 27,500 feet-per-minute (8,382 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



PROPOSED:
Up to 7,055lb of externally-held stores to include missiles and bombs. Wingtip missiles were to be standard and some fuselage / underwing stations plumbed for jettisonable fuel tanks.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• IAR 95 - Base Series Designation; partially-completed full-scale mockup seen before program cancellation.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Avioane IAR 95 Spey Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Proposal.  Entry last updated on 9/26/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The nation of Romania tried its hand at developing an indigenous lightweight supersonic fighter during the 1970s. The aircraft that came to be known as the IAR 95 "Spey" was to serve the Romanian Air Force in the fighter-bomber role and feature all-modern systems and capabilities for its time. In the end, however, the program suffered from a lack of interest and funding support which led to its official demise during the late 1980s. No tangible work on the series was ever realized beyond a partially-completed full-sized mockup.

The IAR 95 went through several design iterations and some saw it fit a twin-engine (side-by-side) configuration while others utilized a twin-rudder arrangement at the tail. Ultimately, the near-finalized form became a single-engine, single-finned offering which was largely of conventional design. A crew of one or two (seated in tandem) would be seated aft of a streamlined nosecone housing an undeclared radar fit. The fuselage was straddled by rectangular air intakes aspirating the engine within and the spine was raised behind the cockpit to accommodate avionics, fuel and other system-critical components. The spine formed with the base of the single tail fin and the horizontal planes were affixed low and along the aft fuselage sides. The wing mainplanes were low-mounted at midships and given sweep back along their leading edge while their trailing edge was straight. Wingtip mounts were to seat short-ranged Air-to-Air Missiles (AAMs) and multiple hardpoints were seen under the aircraft - across the wings and under the fuselage.




The engine of choice centered on a single Tumansky R-29-300 afterburning turbofan providing 18,300lb thrust on dry and 27,500lb thrust with reheat. This installation would be aspirated by a split-air intake in which rectangular openings were seated at each side of the aircraft.

Some of the proposed values regarding the IAR 95 design included an overall length of 16 meters, a wingspan of 9.3 meters, and a height of 5.45 meters. Empty weight was n the 7,900 kg range against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 15,200 kg. No performance specifications existed (values on this page are, therefore, purely estimates on the part of the author).

Beyond these details there was little concrete information on the IAR 95. The end result might have been an aircraft akin to the American Northrop F-5 Tiger / Tiger II series of lightweight, multirole design and proving popular on the export stage.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1000mph
Lo: 500mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (963mph).

    Graph average of 750 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Avioane IAR 95's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue