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Avioane IAR 95 Spey

Romania (1980)
Picture of Avioane IAR 95 Spey Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Proposal

The Avioane IAR 95 Spey was a short-lived Romanian attempt at a lightweight, all-modern multirole fighter.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Avioane IAR 95 Spey Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Proposal.  Entry last updated on 9/26/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The nation of Romania tried its hand at developing an indigenous lightweight supersonic fighter during the 1970s. The aircraft that came to be known as the IAR 95 "Spey" was to serve the Romanian Air Force in the fighter-bomber role and feature all-modern systems and capabilities for its time. In the end, however, the program suffered from a lack of interest and funding support which led to its official demise during the late 1980s. No tangible work on the series was ever realized beyond a partially-completed full-sized mockup.

The IAR 95 went through several design iterations and some saw it fit a twin-engine (side-by-side) configuration while others utilized a twin-rudder arrangement at the tail. Ultimately, the near-finalized form became a single-engine, single-finned offering which was largely of conventional design. A crew of one or two (seated in tandem) would be seated aft of a streamlined nosecone housing an undeclared radar fit. The fuselage was straddled by rectangular air intakes aspirating the engine within and the spine was raised behind the cockpit to accommodate avionics, fuel and other system-critical components. The spine formed with the base of the single tail fin and the horizontal planes were affixed low and along the aft fuselage sides. The wing mainplanes were low-mounted at midships and given sweep back along their leading edge while their trailing edge was straight. Wingtip mounts were to seat short-ranged Air-to-Air Missiles (AAMs) and multiple hardpoints were seen under the aircraft - across the wings and under the fuselage.
The engine of choice centered on a single Tumansky R-29-300 afterburning turbofan providing 18,300lb thrust on dry and 27,500lb thrust with reheat. This installation would be aspirated by a split-air intake in which rectangular openings were seated at each side of the aircraft.

Some of the proposed values regarding the IAR 95 design included an overall length of 16 meters, a wingspan of 9.3 meters, and a height of 5.45 meters. Empty weight was n the 7,900 kg range against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 15,200 kg. No performance specifications existed (values on this page are, therefore, purely estimates on the part of the author).

Beyond these details there was little concrete information on the IAR 95. The end result might have been an aircraft akin to the American Northrop F-5 Tiger / Tiger II series of lightweight, multirole design and proving popular on the export stage.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1000mph
Lo: 500mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (963mph).

    Graph average of 750 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Avioane IAR 95's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
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Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: Romania
Year: 1980
Type: Fighter-Bomber Aircraft Proposal
Manufacturer(s): Avioane Craiova - Romania
Production: 0
Global Operators:
Romania (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
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Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Avioane IAR 95 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1 or 2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
52.49 ft


Meters
16 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
30.51 ft


Meters
9.3 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
17.88 ft


Meters
5.45 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
17,372 lb


Kilograms
7,880 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
33,510 lb


Kilograms
15,200 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
PROPOSED: 1 x Tumansky R-29-300 turbofan engine developing 18,300lb of thrust on dry and 27,500lb with afterburner.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
963 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,550 kph


Knots
837 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,367 mi


Kilometers
2,200 km


Nautical Miles
1,188 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
50,853 ft


Meters
15,500 m


Miles
9.63 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
27,500 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
8,382 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Armament - Hardpoints (7 (including wingtip mounts)):

PROPOSED:
Up to 7,055lb of externally-held stores to include missiles and bombs. Wingtip missiles were to be standard and some fuselage / underwing stations plumbed for jettisonable fuel tanks.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• IAR 95 - Base Series Designation; partially-completed full-scale mockup seen before program cancellation.