×
Military Pay Military Ranks Aircraft Tanks and Vehicles Small Arms Navy Ships
HOME
AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
4TH GENERATION
COLD WAR
X-PLANE

FMA SAIA 90


4th Generation Multirole Fighter / Fighter-Bomber


Aviation / Aerospace

The FMA SAIA 90 of the mid-1980s stood as a rather ambitious multirole fighter platform for the nation of Argentina - it did not progress far.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 7/22/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
In the middle part of the 1980s, Argentine aero-industry laid plans for what was to become a largely indigenous air superiority fighter through the FMA "SAIA 90". The project was headed locally by Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) with assistance from Dornier of what was then West Germany. The SAIA 90 represented the final stage of what was to encompass a the FMA IA-63 "Pampa" advanced trainer and the eventually-abandoned IA-67 "Cordoba" attacker. The SAIA 90 project followed the IA-67 in becoming an unrealized aircraft for the South American country.

As FMA lacked the knowhow to produce a complete aircraft all on its own it was to rely heavily on outside assistance to brining the program to fruition. It leaned on Dornier as the two companies had already worked on the aforementioned IA-63 and production of this compact aircraft began in 1984 but resulted in only 27 examples completed. From this work, design studies were formed by the German half and the new fighter aircraft was slowly fleshed out. Carbon fibers were selected for part of the aircraft's construction as was titanium for high heat resistance of certain areas of the fuselage.

On paper, what became the SAIA 90 was to feature many of the relatively advanced concepts appearing in fighter designs of the period - attention would be particularly paid to reducing the radar cross-section. Concept work revealed a sleek aircraft with the radar system mounted in a streamlined nosecone ahead of the single-seat cockpit. The wing mainplanes were shoulder-mounted with straight trailing edges (swept along the leading edges) and wingtip support for short-range Air-to-Air Missiles (AAMs). A twin-engine configuration would provide the necessary power and operational ranges needed while being aspirated through side-mounted intakes. Vertical tail fins, canted outward from centerline, were to be mounted well-ahead of the tail unit and the planned horizontal tailplanes would feature sweepback.

In many ways, the physical characteristics of the Argentine SAIA 90 mimicked that of the American McDonnell Douglas (Boeing) F/A-18 "Hornet" carrier-based fighter complete with leading edge extensions at the wingroots (reaching forward to the cockpit), the twin-engine configuration, and the forward-set stabilizers.


In service, the aircraft was to carry a multirole capability and a two-seat trainer form was also planned to cover the nuisances of flying the advanced aircraft. Dimensions included a length of 15.5 meters, a height of 3.9 meters, and a wingspan of 10.9 meters. Empty weight was 7,800 kilograms against a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 14,500 kilograms.

While never settled, the engines would most likely have been 2 x General Electric F404 series afterburning turbofan units (or similar) perhaps in the 11,000/17,000lb (dry/afterburning) output range. Estimated performance would net a maximum speed of Mach 2.25 with a service ceiling up to 50,000 feet and a range out to 3,380 kilometers - very similar to the American F/A-18 series.

In terms of armament, an internal 27mm Mauser cannon was projected as a standard fit and eleven hardpoints (all external), including the wingtip missile mounts, would be featured for stores. Several would also be plumbed for jettisonable fuel tanks. Up to 5,000 kilograms of munitions could be carried in the form of air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles as well as more conventional ordnance. It is conceivable that, with the right armament, the aircraft was also to undertake anti-radar sorties and general airspace denial roles as required.

Despite the many obstacles in the way of the project, it was foreseen that deliveries of the new machine could begin as soon as 1991. However, FMA became burdened with financial troubles of its own and failed to entice global industry partners to help the product succeed. As a result, the ambitious SAIA 90 initiative was abandoned and eventually fell away to history.


Specifications



Year:
1989
Status
Cancelled
Crew
1
[ 0 Units ] :
Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) - Argentina / Dornier - West Germany
National flag of Argentina Argentina (cancelled)
- X-Plane / Developmental
Length:
50.85 ft (15.5 m)
Width:
35.93 ft (10.95 m)
Height:
12.99 ft (3.96 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the FMA SAIA 90 production model)
Empty Weight:
17,196 lb (7,800 kg)
MTOW:
31,967 lb (14,500 kg)
(Diff: +14,771lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the FMA SAIA 90 production model)
PROBABLE: 2 x General Electric F404 turbofan engines developing 12,345 lb of thrust each.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the FMA SAIA 90 production model)
Max Speed:
1,727 mph (2,780 kph; 1,501 kts)
Service Ceiling:
57,415 feet (17,500 m; 10.87 miles)
Max Range:
2,100 miles (3,380 km; 1,825 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
50,000 ft/min (15,240 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the FMA SAIA 90 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
PROPOSED:
1 x 27mm Mauser internal Gatling gun

OPTIONAL:
Support for up to 5,000 kilograms of external stores across eleven hardpoints; ordnance support for Air-to-Air Missiles (AAMs) and Air-to-Surface Missiles (ASMs) as well as smart munitions, guided ordnance, and conventional drop bombs.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the FMA SAIA 90 production model)
SAIA 90 - Base Series Designation
SAIA 90A - Proposed single-seat multirole fighter / fighter-bomber.
SAIA 90B - Proposed two-seat trainer variant
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies
Military Ranks | Military Pay | Aircraft | Tanks & Vehicles | Small Arms | Navy Ships | American War Deaths | 5-Star Generals | Military Alphabet Code | DoD Terms | Convert Knots to Miles-per-Hour



The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-