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Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane)

Imperial Germany (1917)
Picture of Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane) Quintuplane Fighter Prototype

Five wings made the Fokker V.8 Quintuplane prototype one of the most unique fighter offerings of World War 1 - it made two modest flights before being abandoned.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane) Quintuplane Fighter Prototype.  Entry last updated on 4/27/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The arrival of the Sopwith Triplane for the Allies in World War 1 immediately showcased to the Germans the need for a plane of equal capability. The triple-wing arranged offered excellent maneuverability, rate-of-climb, and operating ceilings when compared to the traditional biplanes being fielded by the German Air Service at the time. Thus began a series of progressive developments into the realm of triplane flight beginning with the Fokker V.4 prototype and ending with the V.7. The V.5 ultimately served as the basis for the classis Fokker Dr.I triplane - the famous mount of the "Red Baron".

To benefit such a design even further, company own Anthony Fokker pushed the idea of a quintuplane - that is a fighter aircraft that relied on five whole wing mainplanes - reasoning that five mainplanes could have as much of an impact on capabilities as a triplane wing arrangement. The idea was realized (more or less) through the ungainly Fokker V.8 prototype which went on to complete two modest test flights and little more before the idea was abandoned.

Components of the equally-abandoned V.6 prototype made up some of the framework for the V.8. A slab-sided, long fuselage was created which sat the pilot ahead of midships in an open-air cockpit. The engine (driving a two-blade propeller) was fitted to the nose in the usual way. The tail unit was quintessentially Fokker with fuselage-mounted horizontal planes and a rounded vertical fin. The wing arrangement eventually settled on encompassed a full triplane configuration at the nose and a biplane configuration aft of the cockpit (at about midships). The undercarriage was fixed and sported a pair of wheels for ground running. The aircraft was powered by a Mercedes D.III water-cooled engine of 160 horsepower.

Beyond the V.8 being a "quintuplane" it was also, by definition, a tandem-wing aircraft. The forward tri-wing arrangement held unstaggered planes with vertical strutworks for strength. Balanced ailerons were affixed to the top-most wing mainplanes of both wing sets for improved controlling. The rear wing set held a thicker wing chord than that as seen in the triplane wings.

A first flight, essentially a running hop, was completed by Fokker himself during October of 1917. Some issues were revealed that brought along modifications to the aircraft and preceded a second flight some two weeks later. It was found that the five-wing configuration added little to fighter design and the whole program was abandoned a short time later.

Performance specifications on this page are pure estimates on the part of the author.

Any available statistics for the Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane) Quintuplane Fighter Prototype are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: Imperial Germany
Year: 1917
Type: Quintuplane Fighter Prototype
Manufacturer(s): Fokker-Flugzeugwerke - Imperial Germany
Production: 1
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany (abandoned)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Mercedes D.III water-cooled engine developing 160 horsepower.
Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

PROPOSED:
2 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine guns synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• V.8 - Prototype Model Designation; single flyable example completed.