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FAF EFW N-20 Aiguillon (Sting / Stinger)

Switzerland (1952)
Picture of FAF EFW N-20 Aiguillon (Sting / Stinger) Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype
Picture of FAF EFW N-20 Aiguillon (Sting / Stinger) Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype

The EFW N-20 Stinger program for Switzerland netted just one completed, flyable example and an unpowered glider.


Detailing the development and operational history of the FAF EFW N-20 Aiguillon (Sting / Stinger) Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype.  Entry last updated on 4/18/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Like other global air services at the end of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Swiss Air Force looked to stock its inventory with a fleet of modern jet-powered fighters. The task was not an easy one, considering the nation opted to indigenously solve its requirement through local design and development. The initiative was headed by the "N-20", a product featuring swept-back wing mainplanes, a single tail fin unit, seating for one, and four turbojets buried within the main wing elements. Despite the work undertaken, the endeavor managed only one completed prototype but nonetheless netted considerable experience for Swiss engineers at Eifgenossische Flugzeugwerke (EFW) - the Federal Aircraft Factory.

From the outset, the N-20 was intended to lay the groundwork for a finalized service-quality aircraft but much work would be needed in terms of research to bring such a complex product about. Design work began as early as 1945 and a prototype contract followed in May of 1948. The aircraft was given the name of "Aiguillon" meaning "Sting" or "Stinger".

Engineers had fleshed out a modern, advanced fighter for the time - one lacking true horizontal tailplanes and featuring, not one or two but four, engines buried within the wing mainplanes themselves. These were to aspirate from openings at the wing leading edges and exhaust through ports along the wing trailing edges. The wings themselves were rather thick as a result but still deemed effective for the role of fighter. The pilot was given a commanding view over, and around, the nose section thanks to the well-forward placement of the cockpit and its elevated position. The fuselage was oblong in its forward profile and tapered nicely towards the empennage where the sole vertical fin was seated. The undercarriage was of a tricycle arrangement with each leg double-tired for rough-field operations. For power, the Sulzer Swiss "Mamba" SM-1 turbofan of 1,400lb thrust (each) was selected - these developed from the British Armstrong Siddeley Mamba turboprop.
Before any true work could be had on the flying prototype, a wooden glider of the product was constructed mimicking the final design at 3/5 scale. This entry was known as "N-20.01" and recorded its first flight on April 17th, 1948 when it was taken up by "tug" aircraft. With the body constructed largely of wood, the skinning was of fabric. To expedite its journey into the air, the undercarriage was constructed from the World War 2-era German Messerschmitt Bf 109 prop-driven fighter (making up the main legs) and the British de Havilland "Vampire" jet fighter (the nose leg) - all were retractable. The glider was heavily damaged in a crash landing that occurred on July 1st, 1949 and was not rebuilt.

The second test article became N-20.02 "Arbalete" ("Crossbow") and four low-thrust Turbomecca "Pimene" engines were now installed in a four individual pods set in an "over-under" arrangement at each wing trailing edge. Its overall dimensions were similar to the N-20.01 glider form. The aircraft completed a first-flight on November 16th, 1951 and marked the first-ever indigenous Swiss jet aircraft to be realized. The Arbalete showcased exceptional maneuverability for its time in the air and proved valuable in furthering the N-20 program as a whole.

The N-20.10 became the full-scale offering of the N-20 program but its initial engine fit proved underpowered so they were reworked to complete the prototype which accomplished some ground-running trials and test "hops" for the first time on April 8th, 1952. An off-shoot of the N-20.10, intended to overcome the underpowered issue, became "N-20.20" designed to install a single Rolls-Royce "Avon" or Armstrong Siddeley "Sapphire" turbojet engine in each wing root. As a result the mainplanes could be made thinner and the undercarriage track narrower. However this product did not see the light of day.

The N-20 program was cancelled by the Swiss government shortly after the April 1952 run of test article N-20.10. The Arbalete continued to be used in research up until 1954 and recorded some ninety-one flights. The FFA "P-16" - detailed elsewhere on this site - continued the Swiss journey to delivering a homegrown fighter jet, the second such attempt by the country. However, this product too would fail to net the country a viable combat platform - the result being procurement of foreign fighter types for the foreseeable future.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (621mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the EFW N-20.10's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: Switzerland
Year: 1952
Type: Jet-Powered Fighter Prototype
Manufacturer(s): Eidgenossische Flugzeugwerke (EFW) - Switzerland
Production: 1
Global Operators:
Switzerland (cancelled)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the EFW N-20.10 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
41.01 ft


Meters
12.5 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
41.34 ft


Meters
12.6 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
10.27 ft


Meters
3.13 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
19,180 lb


Kilograms
8,700 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
26,455 lb


Kilograms
12,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
4 x Sulzer Swiss "Mamba" turbofan engine developing 1,400 lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
621 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,000 kph


Knots
540 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
311 mi


Kilometers
500 km


Nautical Miles
270 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
36,089 ft


Meters
11,000 m


Miles
6.84 mi

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• N-20 "Aiguillon" - Base Series Designation
• N-20.01 - 3/5 scale wood-and-fabric research glider; lost in crash landing.
• N-20.02 "Arbalete" - Developmental aircraft based on the glider form; fitted with 4 x Turbomeca Pimene I turbojet engines of 242lb thrust each; single example completed.
• N-20.10 "Aiguillon" - Full-scale prototype; single example completed; fitted with Sulzer Swiss "Mamba" turbofan engine.
• N-20.20 - Proposed single engine variant fitting either Rolls-Royce Avon or Armstrong Siddleye Sapphire turbojet engine; abandoned.