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Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink

Prototype Biplane Fighter

Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink

Prototype Biplane Fighter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Boulton Paul Bobolink - the first fighter entry for the company - lost to the Sopwith Snipe in a competition designed to succeed the classic Sopwith Camel.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United Kingdom
YEAR: 1918
MANUFACTURER(S): Boulton Paul - UK
PRODUCTION: 1
OPERATORS: United Kingdom (trialed)
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 20.01 feet (6.1 meters)
WIDTH: 29.04 feet (8.85 meters)
HEIGHT: 8.37 feet (2.55 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 1,235 pounds (560 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 1,995 pounds (905 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Bentley BR.2 rotary engine developing 230 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 124 miles-per-hour (200 kilometers-per-hour; 108 knots)
RANGE: 407 miles (655 kilometers; 354 nautical miles)
CEILING: 19,685 feet (6,000 meters; 3.73 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,085 feet-per-minute (331 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD, FIXED:
2 x 0.303 caliber Vickers machine guns firing through the spinning propeller blades.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• P.3 "Bobolink" - Base Series Designation; sole prototype completed.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink Prototype Biplane Fighter.  Entry last updated on 4/25/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Boulton Paul's first entry into fighter aircraft design and development came through the P.3 "Bobolink" of 1918. It was intended for British service in World War 1 (1914-1918) and as the successor to the storied Sopwith Camel fighter (detailed elsewhere on this site) but the type never advanced beyond its prototype stage. Nevertheless, the offering put the company on a path to respectability heading into World War 2 (1939-1945). Design of the Bobolink was attributed to J.D. North.

Boulton Paul held origins as far back as the late-1700s with its headquarters being Norwich, UK. By the 1900s, the company had evolved along various names until, in 1905, it became known as Boulton & Paul Ltd - specializing in engineering and manufacturing. By the time of World War 1, Boulton Paul served the war effort by building other company's aircraft produced - including the Sopwith Camel.

Despite the excellence of the Sopwith Camel, the British Air Ministry looked to the future and inevitably sought a successor for their aging biplane. This led Boulton Paul to throw its hat into the ring with a possible contender - a fighting biplane named "Bobolink". A first flight (in prototype form) was had in January of 1918 and tests followed into February. In its earliest form, the aircraft lacked ailerons along its lower wing assembly but these were added prior to official trials.

Boulton Paul engineers relied on proven techniques for their fighter entry: It was a wood-and-fabric single-seater powered by a single engine at the nose. The powerplant of choice became the Bentley BR.2 rotary engine of 230 horsepower output. The biplane wing arrangement featured a two-bay approach and N-shaped struts. Overall dimensions of the product included a length of 6 meters, a wingspan of 8.8 meters and a height of 2.5 meters.

The Boulton Paul design performed largely as intended - it could reach speeds of 125 miles per hour and held a service ceiling of 19,500 feet. Endurance was over three hours which was a prime consideration for fighting aircraft of the period. Armament was rather standard - 2 x 0.303 inch Vickers fixed, forward-firing machine guns with interrupter gear set to allow for firing through the spinning propeller blades. One of the more unique features built into the Bobolink was a jettisonable fuel tank system intended to increase survivability of the pilot. The pilot was also shielded from the fuel stores by a section of armor.

Despite the promising nature of the Bobolink, British authorities selected the competing Sopwith Snipe (which also relied on the Bentley BR.2 rotary engine). Officials cited the Bobolink as lacking in maneuverability during its evaluation phase and the overall product was seen as more complex (and therefore more expensive) to produce in the numbers required. The Sopwith Snipe simply performed better, was easier to produce and would come from the proven designers/builders at Sopwith.

As such, only the single Bobolink prototype was ever completed though the company continued using the aircraft some time later in tests.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 150mph
Lo: 75mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (124mph).

    Graph average of 112.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Supported Arsenal
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
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Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.