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Canadair CT-114 Tutor

Canada (1963)
Picture of Canadair CT-114 Tutor Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft

The Canadair CT-114 Tutor series was adopted for training purposes in the 1960s and held a career spanning into 2000 before seeing retirement.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Canadair CT-114 Tutor Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/13/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The nation of Canada once managed a thriving aviation industry until politics and economics doomed its status. The industry saw a great evolution in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945) at a time when the jet age was taking hold of air services around the globe. The concern of Canadiar was founded during the war years in 1944 and had managed a name for itself into the new millennium (now falling under the Bombardier Aerospace brand label). Throughout its storied history, the company put forth a healthy resume of locally-designed and foreign-born aircraft.

The Canadair CT-114 "Tutor" (company model "CL-41") was a product of the Cold War period and emerged in the early 1960s for the trainer role. At its core it was a conventional twin-seat (side-by-side seating), jet-powered type with straight wing appendages. The line saw operational use into 2000 with 212 examples built from the period spanning 1963 until 1966. However, the CT-114 found few takers overseas with just Malaysia becoming the sole foreign operator and these operated until 1985 before being succeeded by the Italian Aermacchi MB339.

The CT-114 also served as the mount of choice for the "Golden Centennaires", the Royal Canadian Air Force's aerobatic flight demonstration team.
Its overall design showcased a streamlined airframe seating its crew of two at front and the engine mounted deep within the fuselage. The aircraft carried a "T-style" tail unit in which the horizontal plane was set at the extreme top of the vertical fin (the original paper design held a cruciform design approach). The straight wing mainplanes offered good lift and agility as well as solid controlling at slower speeds. The undercarriage was of a tricycle wheeled arrangement and made fully retractable. Airbrakes were a paired approach, each panel emerging from the empennage sides when called into play.

Power was from a single Orenda J85-CAN-40 turbojet engine developing 2,650lb of thrust, aspiration accomplished through small, half-moon-shaped intakes found along the fuselage sides. The engine exhausted through a single circular port at the rear of the airframe, at the base of the tail. This engine was a locally-produced (under license) copy of the American General Electric J85 series, the same engine that powered the American Cessna A-37 "Dragonfly" light attack aircraft which bears a strong similarity to the Canadian CT-114 / CL-41 family.

While dedicated trainer forms remained unarmed - they (later) carried a pair of external fuel tanks under the belly for increased flight time - ground attack forms like those shipped to Malaysia could be outfitted with the usual ground attack arsenal - gun pods, rocket pods and conventional drop bombs.

First flight of a CL-41 occurred on January 13th, 1960 and, in September of 1961, an order for 190 of the type followed. In time this stock of aircraft had their avionics upgraded and provision for external fuel tanks added. The "CL-41" designation was used to mark two prototypes and these were used extensively for testing and engineering purposes. CL-41A were the definitive Canadian trainers totaling 190 aircraft. CL-41G was a specialized ground attack version delivered to Malaysia and numbered 20 aircraft. Locally they came to be known under the "Tebuan" name (meaning "Wasp") and were given more powerful turbojet engines and underwing hardpoints for ordnance. Support for drop tanks was also included. CL-41R marked a one-off conversion of the CL-41 prototype finished with the nose of a CF-104 (a license-produced version of the American Lockheed F-104 Starfighter) to undergo testing with F-104 avionics and radar fits.

While lacking the fanfare or sales of competing jet-powered trainer types of the period, the CT-114 made itself a solid training platform and a proud accomplishment for Canadian aeroindustry. It served a healthily long operational life, spanning nearly 40 years, which gave testament to the product's sound design and engineering.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (488mph).

    Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Canadair CL-41A's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
212
212


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Canada
Year: 1963
Type: Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Canadair - Canada
Production: 212
Global Operators:
Canada; Malaysia
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Canadair CL-41A model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
31.99 ft


Meters
9.75 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
36.25 ft


Meters
11.05 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.35 ft


Meters
2.85 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
4,850 lb


Kilograms
2,200 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
11,023 lb


Kilograms
5,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Orenda J85-CAN-40 (General Electric J85) turbojet engine developing 2,650 lb of thrust.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
488 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
785 kph


Knots
424 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
944 mi


Kilometers
1,520 km


Nautical Miles
821 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
44,455 ft


Meters
13,550 m


Miles
8.42 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
4,220 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
1,286 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

Typically none. Two under-fuselage hardpoints for fuel tanks. Ground attack variant featured underwing hardpoints for carrying ordnance such as gun pods, rocket pods, and conventional drop bombs.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• CT-114 "Tutor" - Canadian Military Designation
• CL-41 - Company model designation covering two test and engineering prototypes.
• CL-41A - Initial production model; 190 examples completed for Canada.
• CL-41G "Tebuan" - Malaysian export model designation; 20 examples delivered in a light ground attack form.
• CL-41R - One-off conversion model of a CL-41 prototype for testing radar and avionics fits; none ordered.