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Canadair CT-114 Tutor

Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft

Canadair CT-114 Tutor

Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft


The Canadair CT-114 Tutor series was adopted for training purposes in the 1960s and held a career spanning into 2000 before seeing retirement.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Canada
YEAR: 1963
MANUFACTURER(S): Canadair - Canada
OPERATORS: Canada; Malaysia

Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Canadair CL-41A model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
LENGTH: 31.99 feet (9.75 meters)
WIDTH: 36.25 feet (11.05 meters)
HEIGHT: 9.35 feet (2.85 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 4,850 pounds (2,200 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 11,023 pounds (5,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Orenda J85-CAN-40 (General Electric J85) turbojet engine developing 2,650 lb of thrust.
SPEED (MAX): 488 miles-per-hour (785 kilometers-per-hour; 424 knots)
RANGE: 944 miles (1,520 kilometers; 821 nautical miles)
CEILING: 44,455 feet (13,550 meters; 8.42 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 4,220 feet-per-minute (1,286 meters-per-minute)

Typically none. Two under-fuselage hardpoints for fuel tanks. Ground attack variant featured underwing hardpoints for carrying ordnance such as gun pods, rocket pods, and conventional drop bombs.
Graphical image of an aircraft machine gun pod
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank

Series Model Variants
• CT-114 "Tutor" - Canadian Military Designation
• CL-41 - Company model designation covering two test and engineering prototypes.
• CL-41A - Initial production model; 190 examples completed for Canada.
• CL-41G "Tebuan" - Malaysian export model designation; 20 examples delivered in a light ground attack form.
• CL-41R - One-off conversion model of a CL-41 prototype for testing radar and avionics fits; none ordered.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Canadair CT-114 Tutor Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/13/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©
The nation of Canada once managed a thriving aviation industry until politics and economics doomed its status. The industry saw a great evolution in the years following World War 2 (1939-1945) at a time when the jet age was taking hold of air services around the globe. The concern of Canadiar was founded during the war years in 1944 and had managed a name for itself into the new millennium (now falling under the Bombardier Aerospace brand label). Throughout its storied history, the company put forth a healthy resume of locally-designed and foreign-born aircraft.

The Canadair CT-114 "Tutor" (company model "CL-41") was a product of the Cold War period and emerged in the early 1960s for the trainer role. At its core it was a conventional twin-seat (side-by-side seating), jet-powered type with straight wing appendages. The line saw operational use into 2000 with 212 examples built from the period spanning 1963 until 1966. However, the CT-114 found few takers overseas with just Malaysia becoming the sole foreign operator and these operated until 1985 before being succeeded by the Italian Aermacchi MB339.

The CT-114 also served as the mount of choice for the "Golden Centennaires", the Royal Canadian Air Force's aerobatic flight demonstration team.

Its overall design showcased a streamlined airframe seating its crew of two at front and the engine mounted deep within the fuselage. The aircraft carried a "T-style" tail unit in which the horizontal plane was set at the extreme top of the vertical fin (the original paper design held a cruciform design approach). The straight wing mainplanes offered good lift and agility as well as solid controlling at slower speeds. The undercarriage was of a tricycle wheeled arrangement and made fully retractable. Airbrakes were a paired approach, each panel emerging from the empennage sides when called into play.

Power was from a single Orenda J85-CAN-40 turbojet engine developing 2,650lb of thrust, aspiration accomplished through small, half-moon-shaped intakes found along the fuselage sides. The engine exhausted through a single circular port at the rear of the airframe, at the base of the tail. This engine was a locally-produced (under license) copy of the American General Electric J85 series, the same engine that powered the American Cessna A-37 "Dragonfly" light attack aircraft which bears a strong similarity to the Canadian CT-114 / CL-41 family.

While dedicated trainer forms remained unarmed - they (later) carried a pair of external fuel tanks under the belly for increased flight time - ground attack forms like those shipped to Malaysia could be outfitted with the usual ground attack arsenal - gun pods, rocket pods and conventional drop bombs.

First flight of a CL-41 occurred on January 13th, 1960 and, in September of 1961, an order for 190 of the type followed. In time this stock of aircraft had their avionics upgraded and provision for external fuel tanks added. The "CL-41" designation was used to mark two prototypes and these were used extensively for testing and engineering purposes. CL-41A were the definitive Canadian trainers totaling 190 aircraft. CL-41G was a specialized ground attack version delivered to Malaysia and numbered 20 aircraft. Locally they came to be known under the "Tebuan" name (meaning "Wasp") and were given more powerful turbojet engines and underwing hardpoints for ordnance. Support for drop tanks was also included. CL-41R marked a one-off conversion of the CL-41 prototype finished with the nose of a CF-104 (a license-produced version of the American Lockheed F-104 Starfighter) to undergo testing with F-104 avionics and radar fits.

While lacking the fanfare or sales of competing jet-powered trainer types of the period, the CT-114 made itself a solid training platform and a proud accomplishment for Canadian aeroindustry. It served a healthily long operational life, spanning nearly 40 years, which gave testament to the product's sound design and engineering.


Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 500mph
Lo: 250mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (488mph).

Graph average of 375 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Graph showcases the Canadair CL-41A's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (212)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.

Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
Ground Attack
Aerial Tanker
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

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