Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of navy warships
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
HOME
AVIATION
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
COLD WAR
VIETNAM WAR


Fairchild AC-119 (Shadow / Stinger)


Gunship / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft


The Fairchild AC-119 fixed-wing gunship platform proved to be a successful conversion of the original Fairchild C-119 transport aircraft.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 9/2/2019
National Flag Graphic

Specifications


Year: 1968
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Manufacturer(s): Fairchild Corporation - USA
Production: 52
Capabilities: Close-Air Support (CAS);
Crew: 6
Length: 86.38 ft (26.33 m)
Width: 109.28 ft (33.31 m)
Height: 26.64 ft (8.12 m)
Weight (Empty): 40,124 lb (18,200 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 61,950 lb (28,100 kg)
Power: 2 x Wright R-3350-85 "Duplex Cyclone" radial piston engines developing 3,500 horsepower each.
Speed: 208 mph (335 kph; 181 kts)
Ceiling: 23,294 feet (7,100 m; 4.41 miles)
Range: 1,926 miles (3,100 km; 1,674 nm)
Rate-of-Climb: 950 ft/min (290 m/min)
Operators: South Vietnam; United States
The Fairchild AC-119 series was a modified form of the successful Fairchild C-119 "Flying Boxcar" transport aircraft. AC-119's saw service in the Vietnam War (1955-1975) and fulfilled a "dual-role" capability based on model type: "Shadow" versions represented the adopted name by crews of their respective AC-119G models whereas "Stinger" versions were AC-119K models. Though similar aircraft in many respects, Shadows were called serve in the close-support and airbase defense roles whereas Stingers fulfilled more aggressive search-and-destroy sorties. Concentration of the AC-119K variants revolved heavily on the Ho Chi Minh supply trail as these aircraft were required to target any and all incoming and outgoing supplies as well as troop convoys.

A standard operating crew during day sorties was six with night sorties adding two more specialists. The aircraft received drive power from 2 x Wright R-3350-85 "Duplex Cyclone" radial piston engines of 3,500 horsepower each (AC-119G models) to which maximum speeds reached 210 miles per hour, cruising speeds reached 150 miles per hour, ranges were out to 1,930 miles and a service ceiling of 23,300 feet was possible. Armament varied between the two models - 4 x 7.62mm GAU-2/A miniguns was standard while the AC-119K carired an additional 2 x 20mm M61 "Vulcan" six-barreled Gatling guns. Each aircraft also carried 60 x Mk 24 flares fired from an LAU-74/A series launcher.

Service entry of this line came during November 1968. Operating squadrons were part of the 14th Special Operations Wing and 56th Special Operations Wing (Thailand) - all serving under the banner of the United States Air Force's Tactical Air Command service. In 1972, control of at least sixteen AC-119K models was given to the South Vietnamese Air Force and limited numbers operated from Thai airfields during the year but the line had seen its end.

52 total AC-119 aircraft were constructed and only five of these were lost during the war.






Armament



AC-119G "Shadow":
4 x 7.62mm miniguns.
60 x Mk 24 flares.

AC-119K "Stinger":
4 x 7.62mm GAU-2/A miniguns.
2 x 20mm "Vulcan" six-barreled Gatling-style guns.
60 x Mk 24 flares.

Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun

Variants / Models



• C-119 - Base Transport Model
• AC-119G "Shadow" - Gunship Conversion Model Designation; modified gunship based on the C-119G transport model; fitted with 4 x 7.62mm miniguns.
• AC-119K "Stinger" - Gunship Model Variant; fitted with 4 x 7.62mm miniguns and 2 x 20mm automatic cannons.
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo