Military Factory logo
Icon of a dollar sign
Icon of military officer saluting
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
Icon of navy warships

Fairchild AC-119 (Shadow / Stinger)

Gunship / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft

Fairchild AC-119 (Shadow / Stinger)

Gunship / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Fairchild AC-119 gunship proved to be a successful conversion of the Fairchild C-119 transport aircraft.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1968
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Fairchild Corporation - USA
PRODUCTION: 52
OPERATORS: South Vietnam; United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Fairchild AC-119 (Shadow / Stinger) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 6
LENGTH: 86.38 feet (26.33 meters)
WIDTH: 109.28 feet (33.31 meters)
HEIGHT: 26.64 feet (8.12 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 40,124 pounds (18,200 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 61,950 pounds (28,100 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Wright R-3350-85 "Duplex Cyclone" radial piston engines developing 3,500 horsepower each.
SPEED (MAX): 208 miles-per-hour (335 kilometers-per-hour; 181 knots)
RANGE: 1,926 miles (3,100 kilometers; 1,674 nautical miles)
CEILING: 23,294 feet (7,100 meters; 4.41 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 950 feet-per-minute (290 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



AC-119G "Shadow":
4 x 7.62mm miniguns
60 x Mk 24 flares

AC-119K "Stinger":
4 x 7.62mm GAU-2/A miniguns
2 x 20mm Vulcan six-barreled Gatling guns
60 x Mk 24 flares
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• C-119 - Base Transport Model
• AC-119G "Shadow" - Gunship Conversion Model Designation; modified gunship based on the C-119G transport model; fitted with 4 x 7.62mm miniguns.
• AC-119K "Stinger" - Gunship Model Variant; fitted with 4 x 7.62mm miniguns and 2 x 20mm cannons.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Fairchild AC-119 (Shadow / Stinger) Gunship / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 8/16/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The Fairchild AC-119 series was a modified form of the successful Fairchild C-119 "Flying Boxcar" transport aircraft. AC-119's saw service in the Vietnam War (1955-1975) and fulfilled a "dual-role" capability based on model type: "Shadow" versions represented the adopted name by crews of their respective AC-119G models whereas "Stinger" versions were AC-119K models. Though similar aircraft in many respects, Shadows were called serve in the close-support and airbase defense roles whereas Stingers fulfilled more aggressive search-and-destroy sorties. Concentration of the AC-119K variants revolved heavily on the Ho Chi Minh supply trail as these aircraft were required to target any and all incoming and outgoing supplies as well as troop convoys.

A standard operating crew during day sorties was six with night sorties adding two more specialists. The aircraft received drive power from 2 x Wright R-3350-85 "Duplex Cyclone" radial piston engines of 3,500 horsepower each (AC-119G models) to which maximum speeds reached 210 miles per hour, cruising speeds reached 150 miles per hour, ranges were out to 1,930 miles and a service ceiling of 23,300 feet was possible. Armament varied between the two models - 4 x 7.62mm GAU-2/A miniguns was standard while the AC-119K carired an additional 2 x 20mm M61 "Vulcan" six-barreled Gatling guns. Each aircraft also carried 60 x Mk 24 flares fired from an LAU-74/A series launcher.

Service entry of this line came during November 1968. Operating squadrons were part of the 14th Special Operations Wing and 56th Special Operations Wing (Thailand) - all serving under the banner of the United States Air Force's Tactical Air Command service. In 1972, control of at least sixteen AC-119K models was given to the South Vietnamese Air Force and limited numbers operated from Thai airfields during the year but the line had seen its end.

52 total AC-119 aircraft were constructed and only five of these were lost during the war.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (208mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Fairchild AC-119G Shadow's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
52
52

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue