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Kawasaki T-4

Japan (1988)
Picture of Kawasaki T-4 Subsonic Intermediate Jet Trainer Aircraft

The Kawasaki T-4 intermediate jet trainer was introduced in 1988 and went on to see over 200 examples produced for the JASDF.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Kawasaki T-4 Subsonic Intermediate Jet Trainer Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/15/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Requiring a modern successor to its aging line of Lockheed T-33 intermediate jet trainers, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) commissioned Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI) to design, develop and manufacture a new local solution. The work spawned the Kawasaki "T-4" of which four prototypes were built to the "XT-4" design standard and a first-flight was recorded on July 29th, 1985. Since then, some 208 examples have been delivered to the JASDF, Japan being the only operator of this aircraft series. Service entry was had in 1988.

As an intermediate jet trainer, the T-4 is intended as a bridge product for airmen cadets transitioning from basic turboprop trainers to full-fledged jet-powered combat warplanes. As such, the T-4 sports jet powerplants and exhibits high-performance capabilities. Composites are used in its construction to keep weight levels down yet retain a robustness the aircraft needs in performing combat-like maneuvers.

Such is the quality and capability of the design that it is featured as the mount-of-choice for the "Blue Impulse" aerobatics team of Japan. The team graduated to the T-4 from the earlier T-2 jets. Prior to that, the group relied on the North American F-86 Sabre jets (F-models).

The aircraft seats its crew of two, student and instructor, in tandem under a single-piece, lightly framed canopy set ahead of midships. There is an elongated nosecone assembly ahead of the crew and the fuselage tapers to the rear in the typical way. A single vertical tailfin in featured and a pair of horizontal planes complete the empennage. A retractable tricycle undercarriage allows for ground running. The wing mainplanes are mid-mounted along the sides of the fuselage and have underwing hardpoints while being plumbed for fuel delivery. The mainplanes are also swept back for aerodynamic efficiency at high speed.

Dimensions include a length of 42.7 feet, a wingspan of 32.6 feet and a height of 15 feet. Empty weight is 8,360lb against an MTOW of 16,530lb.

Power is served through 2 x Ishikawajima-Harima F3-IHI-30 series turbofan engines developing 3,520lb of thrust each unit. These are aspirated through rounded-rectangle intakes seated to either side of the cockpit and exhaust through ports at the rear-underside of the aircraft. Performance specs include a maximum speed of 645 miles per hour and a range out to 1,035 miles.

Kawasaki markets the T-4 under the strengths of stability and maneuverability - hallmarks of excellent jet trainers.

Despite its Cold War-era roots, the T-4 continues to serve the JASDF service branch today (2017).

Any available statistics for the Kawasaki T-4 Subsonic Intermediate Jet Trainer Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (646mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Kawasaki T-4's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
212
212


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Japan
Year: 1988
Type: Subsonic Intermediate Jet Trainer Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Kawasaki - Japan
Production: 212
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Japan
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Kawasaki T-4 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
42.65 ft


Meters
13 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
32.64 ft


Meters
9.95 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
14.76 ft


Meters
4.5 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
8,356 lb


Kilograms
3,790 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
16,535 lb


Kilograms
7,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Ishikawajima-Harima F3-IHI-30 turbofan engines developing 3,520 lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
646 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,040 kph


Knots
562 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,038 mi


Kilometers
1,670 km


Nautical Miles
902 nm

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft external fuel tank
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

OPTIONAL:
2 x External hardpoints for carrying conventional drop bombs, rocket pods or fuel for training purposes.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• XT-4 - Prototype Designation; four examples completed.
• T-4 Base Series Designation; primary production model of which 208 have been produced.