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Farman F.220 (Series)

France (1935)
Picture of Farman F.220 (Series) Four-Engined Heavy Day-Night Bomber

About eighty of the large Farman F.220 series four-engined bombers were produced for the French Air Force and Navy prior to World War 2.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Farman F.220 (Series) Four-Engined Heavy Day-Night Bomber.  Entry last updated on 2/6/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The largest French bomber to reach operational-level status of the Interwar period became the Farman F.220 by Farman Aviation Works. A prototype recorded a first-flight in May of 1932 and production reached about eighty units from the period spanning 1935 to 1938. The F.220 marked the beginning of a series of related bombers and shared the same "push-pull" engine configuration seen in the earlier F.211 prototype (this form was not adopted by the French Air Force). Farman F-series heavy bombers saw operational service for France during the early stages of World War 2 (1939-1945), principally for lack of better, more modern alternatives.

The French aviation industry of the Interwar period was in constant flux and ownership changes hampered much of the innovation and prosperity witnessed by neighboring powers. The French were still in the habit of adopting ungainly bomber shapes that featured fixed undercarriages, heavy nose glazing, boxy fuselages and open-air crew stations. The F.220 followed suit and relied on many of the techniques proven through the F.211 which debuted in 1932.

A single prototype was used to define the new heavy bomber. Compared to the earlier F.211, the revised form carried an all-new tail unit and Hispano-Suiza 12Lbr series engines. The aircraft was converted to a mailplane form later in its life as the F.220B while production was managed under the "F.220-0" designation which resulted in four aircraft being built.

Another revision produced the "F.221" which now enclosed the gunner stations for improved comfort and communication. This model also carried Gnome-Rhone 14Kdrs engines. The F.221.01 served as the sole prototype and ten bombers followed to this standard.

The definitive F.220 variant became "F.222". Model F.222.1 was finally given a retractable undercarriage, defensive turrets, and Gnome-Rhone 14Kirs engines. It also featured leveled outer wing panels and carried a shorter nose assembly. Eleven of this bomber standard were constructed. F.222.01 was a prototype while F.222.2 carried a redesigned nose section (longer) as well as Gnome-Rhone 14N-11 engines and dihedral at the outer wing panels. Twenty-four aircraft were delivered to this standard. F.2220 became a proposed airliner version that was to carry 4 x Hispano-Suiza 12Xgrs engines - though only one prototype was completed and no serial production was forthcoming.
The F.223 brought along with it an all-new tail featuring twin rudders and the entire design was made more aerodynamically-friendly. Power stemmed from 4 x Hispano-Suiza 14AA-08 or -09 series engines of 1,100 horsepower output. This gave rise to a whole subset of variants based on this design with NC.223.1 serving as the prototype (now branded under the "SNCAC" label). Eight NC.223.3 bombers followed and the NC.223.4 was a mailplane conversion with three built. Fifteen NC-2233 models emerged as bombers and carried 4 x Hispano-Suiza 12Y-29 engines. The NC-2234 became three passenger airliners for Air France and powered by Hispano-Suiza 12Y-37 series engines.

The final F.220-related entry was "F.224" which was a 40-seat passenger airliner intended for Air France. The design was not purchased due to concerns about three-engine running at altitude. These were later used as transports by the French Air Force under the F.224TT designation. The French Navy also eventually relied on the F.220 series for the time.

The definitive F.222 bomber form entered French Air Force service in early 1937. In 1939, they represented the only four-engined bombers available to the French cause at the start of the war and were initially used as traditional bombers and for leaflet-dropping. The F-series claimed some notable actions in the early fighting - it marked the first Allied bomber (an NC.223.3) to pound Berlin and one F.222 was used by French pilot James Denis to ferry twenty comrades to Britain to continue the fight with the Free French Air Force following the loss of France ( June 1940).

From there, the type saw considerably less service of note and some of the stock followed the usual French route of transferring units to North Africa. Before the end, the series eventually fought for both the Free French and Vichy French forces though their obsolescence was becoming ever more apparent - they ended their days as dedicated transports.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (199mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Farman F.222.2's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
80
80


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: France
Year: 1935
Type: Four-Engined Heavy Day-Night Bomber
Manufacturer(s): Farman Aviation Works / Societe Nationale de Constructions Aeronautiques du Centre (Aerocentre / SNCAC) - France
Production: 80
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
France; (Free French; Vichy France)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Farman F.222.2 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
5


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
70.54 ft


Meters
21.5 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
118.77 ft


Meters
36.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
17.06 ft


Meters
5.2 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
23,149 lb


Kilograms
10,500 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
41,226 lb


Kilograms
18,700 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
4 x Gnome-Rhone 14N-11 radial piston engines developing 950 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
199 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
320 kph


Knots
173 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,243 mi


Kilometers
2,000 km


Nautical Miles
1,080 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
27,756 ft


Meters
8,460 m


Miles
5.26 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
1,550 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
472 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

STANDARD (F.222.2):
1 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine gun in nose position
1 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine gun in dorsal position
1 x 7.5mm MAC 1934 machine gun in ventral position

OPTIONAL:
Up to 9,240 pounds of conventional drop ordnance.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• F.220 - Base Series Designation
• F.220.01 - Single prototype with Hispano-Suiza 12Lbr engines.
• F.220B - Converted F.220 to serve as mailplane
• F.220-0 - Production standard F.220B' four examples completed.
• F.221 - Revised variant with Gnome-Rhone 14Kdrs engines; 10 examples.
• F.221.01 - F.221 prototype model
• F.222 - Definitive bomber variant
• F.222.1 - Retractable undercarriage; shorter nose section; Gnome-Rhone 14Kirs engines; 11 examples completed.
• F.222.01 - Prototype model based on F.221.01
• F.222.2 - F.222.1 with Gnome-Rhone 14N-11 engines; revised nose section; 24 examples.
• F.2220 - Prototype airliner for Air France; single example.
• F.223 - Twin rudder tail; improved flight dynamics; Hispano-Suiza 14AA-08 or 14AA-09 engines of 1,100 horsepower.
• SNCAC NC.223.1 - Prototype mailplane; single example
• SNCAC NC.223.01 - Prototype bomber with Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs engines; single example.
• SNCAC NC.223.2 - Proposed bomber form with Gnome-Rhone 14N engines; not built.
• SNCAC NC.223.3 - Bomber variant with Hispano-Suiza 12Y-29 engines of 910 horsepower.
• SNCAC NC.223.4 - Mailplane variant; three examples
• SNCAC NC-2230 - Mailplane variant; Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs engines; single example.
• SNCAC NC-2233 - Bomber variant based on F.223; Hispano-Suiza 12Y-29 engines; 15 examples.
• SNCAC NC-2234 - Passenger airliners for Air France; Hispano-Suiza 12Y-37 engines; three examples.
• F.224 - Proposed passenger airliner for Air France; Gnome-Rhone 14N-01 engines; six completed but taken on by French Air Force.
• F.224TT - French Air Force designation of F.224 passenger airliner; used as dedicated transport.