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LVG D.III

Imperial Germany (1917)
Picture of LVG D.III Biplane Fighter Prototype Aircraft

The LVG D.III competed unsuccessfully for adoption into the German Air Service of World War 1.


Detailing the development and operational history of the LVG D.III Biplane Fighter Prototype Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 10/26/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

LVG (Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft) was established in Berlin-Johannisthal, Germany during 1912 and among its first projects was construction of simple aircraft. When Germany entered World War 1 (1914-1918) the company began ramping up its lines for contract work as well as delve into design of in-house fighter-reconnaissance and light bomber types. The first in-house fighter to emerge was the E.1 biplane which came to be nothing more than an experimental platform and whose sole prototype was lost during 1915. The D 10 and D 12 prototypes followed but these too were not furthered beyond their experimental forms. However, their work prompted a succeeding design in the D.III which showed considerable promise and was eventually evaluated for front line service.

The D.III showcased lessons learned from previous attempts by LVG engineers. Its construction featured a semi-monocoque design with plywood skinning and landing wires were replaced by a more conventional strut network for robustness. A biplane planform was used that featured single bays with N-type struts. The undercarriage fitted two landing wheels with the rear of the aircraft supported by a simple skid arrangement. The pilot sat in an open-air cockpit just under and aft of the upper wingspan. Armament was 2 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine guns synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades. A large spinner was attached to the two-bladed propeller unit. Power to the aircraft was through a single NAG C.III series 6-cylinder inline engine of 185 horsepower and the completed design showcased a maximum speed of 109 miles per hour.

The D.III was developed to compete against the Albatros D.III series which gained a certain level of fame since its introduction in 1916. Whereas that airframe was produced in 1,866 examples (approximate), the LVG D.III only saw life as another "one-off" prototype - the aircraft judged to be too large and heavy for serious frontline service at a time when light, agile fighters were being sought.

As such, the D.III, like many of LVG's early attempts, was not furthered during the course of the war.

Any available statistics for the LVG D.III Biplane Fighter Prototype Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 120mph
Lo: 60mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (109mph).

    Graph average of 90 miles-per-hour.
Aviation Era Impact
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1
1


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
Supported Mission Types:
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: Imperial Germany
Service Year: 1917
Classification Type: Biplane Fighter Prototype Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): LuftVerkehrs-Gesellschaft (LVG) - Imperial Germany
Production Units: 1
Global Operators:
Imperial Germany (cancelled)
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the LVG D.III model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
24.70 ft


Meters
7.53 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
32.81 ft


Meters
10 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
9.58 ft


Meters
2.92 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
1,709 lb


Kilograms
775 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
2,271 lb


Kilograms
1,030 kg

Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x NAG C.III 6-cylinder inline engine developing 185 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
109 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
175 kph


Knots
94 kts


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
330 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
101 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

PROPOSED:
2 x 7.92mm LMG 08/15 machine guns synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades.
Visual Armory:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Variants: Series Model Variants
• D.III - Base Series Designation