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Avia B.135

Czechoslovakia (1942)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Avia B.135 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 6/26/2017; Authored by Dan Alex; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com



  Avia B.135  
Picture of Avia B.135 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft


The Czech-originated Avia B.135 fighter fought for the Bulgarian Air Force for a time during World War 2.

Though originating as a Czech pre-war design (through the Avia B.35 venture), the B.135 was utilized during World War 2 (1939-1945) solely under the banner of the Bulgarian Air Force. The type was a modern, low-wing monoplane originally developed for the Czech Air Force to a 1935 requirement by the Ministry of National Defence. Three progressive B.35 prototypes emerged - two prior to the German occupation of March 1939 and the third after. The Bulgarian Air Force flew the B.35/2 prototype during November of 1939 and followed this in June of 1940 with trials of the B.35/3. The latter was accepted as the B.135 to which the German Air Ministry allowed the aircraft to be locally produced for Bulgaria out of Lovech. The Bulgarian Air Force commissioned for twelve of the fighters along with a stock of engines (62).

The B.135 retained many of the qualities ironed out in the final B.35/3 prototype. The original prototype's construction involved wood wings but this was given up in the finalized form to carry all-metal wings. Standard armament became 1 x 20mm cannon firing through the propeller hub and 2 x 7.92mm machine guns in the wings. The undercarriage was retractable while of the "tail-dragger" arrangement. The pilot sat under an enclosed canopy with generally adequate views of the surrounding action - the position of the wing mainplanes (forward of midships) and the raised fuselage spine did little to help.
Beyond the original twelve on order, a further fifty examples were to emerge from Bulgarian lines under the designation of DAR ("Darzhavna Aeroplanna Rabotilnitsa") 11 "Ljastuvka" ("Swallow") to help shore up Bulgarian air strength. The first twelve units arrived during the middle part of 1942 though the engine portion of the procurement foundered and left just 35 delivered. This forced Bulgarian reliance on the German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter crop.

Most of the B.135's wartime use was in training primarily due to unreliable engines. At least four participated in an operational-level manner during a March 30th, 1944 interception sortie which yielded a downed enemy bomber - the only known air kill of the war by the B.135 series.

Total production of the B.135 stood at the original twelve units.
Avia B.135 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Czechoslovakia
Year: 1942
Type: Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Avia - Czechoslovakia
Production: 12
Supported Mission Types
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
Structural
Crew: 1
Length: 27.89 ft (8.5 m)
Width: 35.60 ft (10.85 m)
Height: 5.25 ft (1.60 m)
Empty Weight: 4,553 lb (2,065 kg)
MTOW: 5,622 lb (2,550 kg)


Installed Power
1 x Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs V-12 liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 860 horsepower.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 332 mph (535 kph; 289 kts)
Maximum Range: 342 mi (550 km; 297 nm)
Service Ceiling: 27,887 ft (8,500 m; 5.28 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 2,660 ft/min (811 m/min)


Armament
STANDARD:
1 x 20mm cannon in propeller hub
2 x 7.92mm machine guns in wings (one per wing)


Operators List
Bulgaria

Series Model Variants
• B.135 - Base Series Designation; twelve examples completed.
• DAR 11 "Ljastuvka" - Proposed designation of locally-produced B.135 aircraft in Bulgaria; none completed.


Supported Weapon Systems
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon