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AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) - Taiwan, 1974

Detailing the development and operational history of the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) Basic Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 7/12/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing)  
Picture of AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing)

AIDC supplied Taiwan the T-CH-1 Chung Tsing two-seat, prop-driven trainer line in 52 total examples.

At one point, the Republic of China (Taiwan) Air Force managed a stock of North American T-28 "Trojan" two-seat prop-driven trainer aircraft to help bring along new generations of military pilots. The original design first flew in 1949 and production spanned from 1950 to 1957 to which 1,948 examples were produced and used by a myriad of global operators. Using this successful acrobatic design as a basis, the Taiwanese moved on development of a slightly more advanced form which ultimately became the indigenous AIDC "T-CH-1" military trainer.

The T-28 origins in the T-CH-1 were readily apparent including the deep fuselage, low monoplane wings and straight-edged tail planes. The cockpit seated two in tandem under a lightly framed canopyoffering good vision out-of-the-cockpit. The undercarriage was a tricycle arrangement and completely retractable. The aircraft's versatility was such that the same airframe was used across the basic trainer / light attack form, a reconnaissance variant (the "R-CH-1") and a weapons trainer (the "A-CH-1"). Power was from an Avco Lycoming T53-L-701 turboprop engine developing 1,450 horsepower and performance specifications included a maximum speed of 370 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 195 miles per hour, a range out to 1,250 miles and a service ceiling up to 32,000 feet.

The initial prototype went airborne for the first time on November 23rd, 1973 and a second prototype followed in 1974. Progress was good enough that an order for fifty of the type was placed by the Air Force and deliveries spanned from 1976 into 1981. Coupled with the two prototypes, the 52 machines was all that was produced of the line.

AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) Specifications

Service Year: 1974
Type: Basic Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft
National Origin: Taiwan
Manufacturer(s): Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) - Taiwan
Total Production: 52

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 2
Overall Length: 33.63 feet (10.25 meters)
Overall Width: 40.03 feet (12.20 meters)
Overall Height: 11.98 feet (3.65 meters)

Weight (Empty): 5,754 lb (2,610 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 11,155 lb (5,060 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 1 x Avco Lycoming T53-L-701 turboprop engine developing 1,450 horsepower.

Maximum Speed: 321 knots (370 mph; 595 kph)
Maximum Range: 1,085 nautical miles (1,249 miles; 2,010 km)
Service Ceiling: 32,005 feet (9,755 meters; 6.06 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 3,400 feet-per-minute (1,036 m/min)

Armament / Mission Payload

Typically none though can be outfitted with light stores for light attack role as required. Also used in weapons training.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)


Model Variants

T-CH-1 "Chung Tsing" - Base Series Name; initial production model for basic training and light strike service.
A-CH-1 - Two-seat weapons trainer variant
R-CH-1 - Two-seat reconnaissance variant

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