At one point, the Republic of China (Taiwan) Air Force managed a stock of North American T-28 "Trojan" two-seat prop-driven trainer aircraft to help bring along new generations of military pilots. The original design first flew in 1949 and production spanned from 1950 to 1957 to which 1,948 examples were produced and used by a myriad of global operators. Using this successful acrobatic design as a basis, the Taiwanese moved on development of a slightly more advanced form which ultimately became the indigenous AIDC "T-CH-1" military trainer.
The T-28 origins in the T-CH-1 were readily apparent including the deep fuselage, low monoplane wings and straight-edged tail planes. The cockpit seated two in tandem under a lightly framed canopyoffering good vision out-of-the-cockpit. The undercarriage was a tricycle arrangement and completely retractable. The aircraft's versatility was such that the same airframe was used across the basic trainer / light attack form, a reconnaissance variant (the "R-CH-1") and a weapons trainer (the "A-CH-1"). Power was from an Avco Lycoming T53-L-701 turboprop engine developing 1,450 horsepower and performance specifications included a maximum speed of 370 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 195 miles per hour, a range out to 1,250 miles and a service ceiling up to 32,000 feet.
The initial prototype went airborne for the first time on November 23rd, 1973 and a second prototype followed in 1974. Progress was good enough that an order for fifty of the type was placed by the Air Force and deliveries spanned from 1976 into 1981. Coupled with the two prototypes, the 52 machines was all that was produced of the line.
Status Retired, Out-of-Service
[ 52 Units ] : Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) - Taiwan
33.63 ft (10.25 m)
40.03 ft (12.2 m)
11.98 ft (3.65 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) production model)
5,754 lb (2,610 kg)
11,155 lb (5,060 kg)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) production model)
1 x Avco Lycoming T53-L-701 turboprop engine developing 1,450 horsepower.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) production model)
370 mph (595 kph; 321 kts)
32,005 feet (9,755 m; 6.06 miles)
1,249 miles (2,010 km; 1,085 nm)
3,400 ft/min (1,036 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
Typically none though can be outfitted with light stores for light attack role as required. Also used in weapons training.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) production model)
T-CH-1 "Chung Tsing" - Base Series Name; initial production model for basic training and light strike service.
A-CH-1 - Two-seat weapons trainer variant
R-CH-1 - Two-seat reconnaissance variant
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.