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AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing)

Taiwan (1974)
Picture of AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) Basic Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft

AIDC supplied Taiwan the T-CH-1 Chung Tsing two-seat, prop-driven trainer line in 52 total examples.


Detailing the development and operational history of the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) Basic Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/15/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

At one point, the Republic of China (Taiwan) Air Force managed a stock of North American T-28 "Trojan" two-seat prop-driven trainer aircraft to help bring along new generations of military pilots. The original design first flew in 1949 and production spanned from 1950 to 1957 to which 1,948 examples were produced and used by a myriad of global operators. Using this successful acrobatic design as a basis, the Taiwanese moved on development of a slightly more advanced form which ultimately became the indigenous AIDC "T-CH-1" military trainer.

The T-28 origins in the T-CH-1 were readily apparent including the deep fuselage, low monoplane wings and straight-edged tail planes. The cockpit seated two in tandem under a lightly framed canopyoffering good vision out-of-the-cockpit. The undercarriage was a tricycle arrangement and completely retractable. The aircraft's versatility was such that the same airframe was used across the basic trainer / light attack form, a reconnaissance variant (the "R-CH-1") and a weapons trainer (the "A-CH-1"). Power was from an Avco Lycoming T53-L-701 turboprop engine developing 1,450 horsepower and performance specifications included a maximum speed of 370 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 195 miles per hour, a range out to 1,250 miles and a service ceiling up to 32,000 feet.

The initial prototype went airborne for the first time on November 23rd, 1973 and a second prototype followed in 1974. Progress was good enough that an order for fifty of the type was placed by the Air Force and deliveries spanned from 1976 into 1981. Coupled with the two prototypes, the 52 machines was all that was produced of the line.

Any available statistics for the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) Basic Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (370mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
52
52


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Taiwan
Year: 1974
Type: Basic Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) - Taiwan
Production: 52
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Taiwan
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the AIDC T-CH-1 (Chung-Tsing) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
33.63 ft


Meters
10.25 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
40.03 ft


Meters
12.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
11.98 ft


Meters
3.65 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
5,754 lb


Kilograms
2,610 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
11,155 lb


Kilograms
5,060 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Avco Lycoming T53-L-701 turboprop engine developing 1,450 horsepower.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
370 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
595 kph


Knots
321 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,249 mi


Kilometers
2,010 km


Nautical Miles
1,085 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
32,005 ft


Meters
9,755 m


Miles
6.06 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
3,400 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
1,036 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

Typically none though can be outfitted with light stores for light attack role as required. Also used in weapons training.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• T-CH-1 "Chung Tsing" - Base Series Name; initial production model for basic training and light strike service.
• A-CH-1 - Two-seat weapons trainer variant
• R-CH-1 - Two-seat reconnaissance variant