Military Factory logo

Focke-Wulf Fw 3x1000C

Nazi Germany (1944)
Picture of Focke-Wulf Fw 3x1000C Jet-Powered Medium Fast Bomber Concept

Focke-Wulf designed a single-seat, all-wing, turbojet-powered bomber - the Fw 3x1000C - for a new 1943 RLM requirement that fell to naught.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Focke-Wulf Fw 3x1000C Jet-Powered Medium Fast Bomber Concept.  Entry last updated on 7/28/2016. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

While the Heinkel He 177 "Greif" long-range heavy bomber became a troublesome bomber design, it was still produced across 1,169 examples during World War 2 (1939-1945). It was done in by engine difficulties that proved them prone to fires - each engine nacelle paired two engines. Despite work on the large bomber continuing for the Luftwaffe, it was becoming increasingly clear to most involved that the aircraft would never live up to expectations heading into 1944.

As such a new 1943 medium/heavy "fast bomber" requirement was put forth by the RLM (German Air Ministry). As several of the major German aircraft firms already having been experimenting on turbojet-powered solutions this meant that the new bomber could be powered by the burgeoning technology which offered better performance over existing propeller-driven bomber forms then in service. The piston-powered engine was to meet its apex by the end of the war, spurring feverish development of turbojets and rocket-powered aircraft types which resulted in a myriad of Luftwaffe projects - many never to see the light of day.

The new bomber was more or less intended as a replacement for the troublesome He 177 design. Even with the deteriorating war situation for Germany - now pushed into a defensive war along several fronts - and evermore limited supplies of war materials, the RLM pushed ahead the costly requirement at a time when fast, high-flying fighters would have made more sense. German aviation concerns, of course, jumped at the chance to secure another potentially lucrative contract by supplying the Luftwaffe their next big idea.

The RLM requirement was relatively straight forward resulting in the project designation of "3x1000". The new aircraft would have a minimum top speed of 1,000 kmh with an operational range out to 1,000 kilometers while being able to carry at least a 1,000 kilogram war load (1000x1000x1000). The storied concern of Focke-Wulf - makers of the famous Fw 190 piston-engine fighter of the war - returned with three designs to help fulfill the requirement. The Fw 3x1000A looked the part of 1950s jet bomber with its rounded airframe, swept-back, mid-mounted wing mainplanes, and traditional single-finned tail unit. It carried its twin turbojet engines in nacelles hung under each wing. The Fw 3x1000B model followed suit and deviated through high-mounted wings and a deeper fuselage. Both were to be powered by Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 series turbojets.

Focke-Wulf designs reworked the aircraft with their third offering - the 3x1000C - this model centering on an all-wing, delta-shaped planform which promised the necessary operating speed, operating range, and bomb-carrying capability required by the RLM. The cockpit was held in a heavily-glazed nose section that jutted out at front and the twin turbojets were buried within the body of the bomber. Due to the operating altitudes involved, the cockpit would be pressurized. The mainplane was blended into the body and no vertical tail surfaces were used. Instead, downward-turned wingtips served the role of vertical surfaces. The wing leading edges were well-swept while the trailing edges were horizontal at the engine exhaust areas and only slightly swept at the outboard wing sections. An internal bomb load would be used to carry ordnance and reduce drag. The blended body/wing approach allowed for much greater internal space for operational- and mission-critical components without much complication mechanically although, by 1943 standards, the aerodynamic function of this flying wing aircraft would have been quite the challenge to say the least. The engine of choice was again a pairing of HeS 011 turbojets rated at 2,865 pounds of thrust each.

Like other late-war German "fast bomber" projects, the 3x1000C was to lack any defensive gun positions as authorities deemed that turbojet performance was more than adequate for outrunning Allied interceptors of the period. To limit the manpower commitment of the new bomber, the RLM also stressed that the 3x1000 design submissions be restricted to a single crewman. This meant that the workload for the pilot included not only flying the aircraft but also managing the navigation suite and bombing equipment form take-off to landing.

Despite the work put into the Fw 3x1000C, the design joined many other late-war German initiatives in becoming nothing more than a design study. As the Luftwaffe moved away from the prospect of ever netting a serviceable heavy bomber in the war, the requirement for large aircraft appropriately fell by the wayside. The need for interceptors and fighters proved much more dire than anything else during 1944 and into 1945 as losses for German forces on the ground continued to mount. The Fw 3x1000C became another in a long line of unrealized products that proved more fantasy than tangible warplane.

Any available statistics for the Focke-Wulf Fw 3x1000C Jet-Powered Medium Fast Bomber Concept are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering country-of-origin, operational status, manufacture(s) and total quantitative production. Other qualities showcased are related to structural values (namely dimensions), installed power and standard day performance figures, installed or proposed armament and mission equipment (if any), global users (from A-to-Z) and series model variants (if any).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (621mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Focke-Wulf Fw 3x1000C's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
  Compare this entry against other aircraft using our Comparison Tool  
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1944
Type: Jet-Powered Medium Fast Bomber Concept
Manufacturer(s): Focke-Wulf - Nazi Germany
Production: 0
Global Operators:
Nazi Germany
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Focke-Wulf Fw 3x1000C model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
19.03 ft


Meters
5.8 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
45.93 ft


Meters
14 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
9,259 lb


Kilograms
4,200 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
17,857 lb


Kilograms
8,100 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 turbojet engines developing 2,865 lb of thrust each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
621 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,000 kph


Knots
540 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,553 mi


Kilometers
2,500 km


Nautical Miles
1,350 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
49,213 ft


Meters
15,000 m


Miles
9.32 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (0):

Internal bomb load minimum of 2,200 pounds (1,000 kilograms).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• 3x1000 - Base RLM Project Designation
• 3x1000A - Conventional swept-wing design submission #1.
• 3x1000B - Conventional swept-wing design submission #2.
• 3x1000C - Flying wing design submission #3