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Blohm and Voss Ha 137


Dive Bomber / Ground Attack Aircraft Prototype


The Blohm and Voss Ha 137 was a pre-World War 2 German attempt at an effective dive bomber and ground attack platform - only six were completed.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 7/1/2019
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Specifications


Year: 1935
Status: Cancelled
Manufacturer(s): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
Production: 6
Capabilities: Ground Attack; Close-Air Support (CAS); X-Plane;
Crew: 1
Length: 31.00 ft (9.45 m)
Width: 36.58 ft (11.15 m)
Height: 9.19 ft (2.8 m)
Weight (Empty): 4,001 lb (1,815 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 5,324 lb (2,415 kg)
Power: 1 x Junkers Jumo 210Aa V-12 liquid-cooled inline piston engine developing 590 horsepower and driving a three-bladed propeller unit at the nose.
Speed: 186 mph (300 kph; 162 kts)
Ceiling: 22,966 feet (7,000 m; 4.35 miles)
Range: 357 miles (575 km; 310 nm)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,640 ft/min (500 m/min)
Operators: Nazi Germany (cancelled)
During the German military's build up of the 1930s, many aircraft types were developed to fulfill specific roles over the battlefield. Among these was the dive bomber which was eventually filled by the classic Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" (detailed elsewhere on this site). However, before the Stuka became the core of the German precision bombing force, there was a competition between several design houses originating from a 1934 requirement and this involved both Henschel and Blohm und Voss.

Blohm und Voss, through their Hamburger Flugzeugbau arm, developed the "Ha 137". The director of the design became Dr. Richard Vogt who had just returned from developing warplanes for the Empire of Japan under the Kawasaki brand label. The new aircraft sported gull-wing style monoplane wings, a traditional single-finned tail unit, enclosed cockpit and fixed (tail-dragging) undercarriage. At the nose of the aircraft would be a single BMW XV inline piston engine driving a three-bladed propeller unit. Crew space allowed for a single crewman. The aircraft was known to the company as "Project 6".

Overall length was 31 feet with a wingspan reaching 36.6 feet and a height of 9.1 feet. Empty weight was 4,000lb against an MTOW of 5,325lb.

Vogt's initial design submission was called to be reworked as the BMW XV engine was not to be. This led to selection of the BMW 132 instead, a licensed-production version of the American Pratt & Whitney "Hornet" air-cooled radial piston engine. The design was then revised to become "Project 6A". The British Rolls-Royce "Kestrel" engine was also in contention under "Project 6B".

The German Air Ministry moved to cover three prototypes based on the earlier work (V1 through V3) and this led to a first-flight of one of them on January 18th, 1935. The third prototype (V3) arrived with the Kestrel engine installed and three more prototypes were ordered with power stemming from the homegrown Junkers Jumo 210 series engine. Development continued into 1936.

As the competing Junkers Ju 87 had flown in September of 1935 and was introduced for service the following year, the Ha 137 had little chance of succeeding as anything by this point (a close-support role and navy version were both entertained). The remaining three prototypes (V4 through V6) were still built and became available in 1937 but, ultimately, these were used in test campaigns by Blohm und Voss.

As flown, the Ha 137 (the V4 prototype) managed a maximum speed of 185 miles per hour with cruising speeds of 180 miles per hour. Range was out to 360 miles and its service ceiling reached 23,000 feet. Rate-of-climb was 1,640 feet per minute.

Should it have been adopted for military service, standardized armament would have included 2 x 7.92mm MG 17 machine guns in the forward fuselage and 2 x 7.92mm MG 17 machine guns in underside fairings. Alternatively the latter could be substituted for 2 x 20mm MG FF automatic cannons. Beyond this fixed armament, there was provision for 4 x 110lb SC50 series conventional drop bombs.






Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition

Armament



STANDARD:
2 x 7.92mm MG17 machine guns in fixed, forward-firing positions at forward fuselage.
2 x 7.92mm MG 17 machine guns OR 2 x 20mm MG FF cannons fitted into the fixed undercarriage structures.

OPTIONAL:
4 x 110 lb SC50 conventional drop bombs.

Variants / Models



• Blohm and Voss Ha 137 - Base Series Designation
• Ha 137A - Prototype with Pratt & Whitney Hornet engine installed.
• Ha 137B - Prototype with Rolls-Royce Kestrel engine installed.
• V3 - First-batch prototype
• V4 - Second-batch prototype; powered by Junkers Jumo 210 engine.
• V5 - Second-batch prototype; powered by Junkers Jumo 210 engine.
• V6 - Second-batch prototype; powered by Junkers Jumo 210 engine.
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