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Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries) NH90

Medium-Lift Transport / Utility Helicopter

Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries) NH90

Medium-Lift Transport / Utility Helicopter

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Airbus Helicopters NH90 series medium-lift transport helicopter has caught on with several notable military forces of the world.
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ORIGIN: France
YEAR: 2007
STATUS: Active, In-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries (NHI) / Eurocopter) - France / Leonardo - Italy
PRODUCTION: 244
OPERATORS: Australia; Belgium; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Italy; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Oman; Qatar (announced); Spain; Sweden
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries) NH90 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 3
LENGTH: 52.92 feet (16.13 meters)
WIDTH: 53.48 feet (16.3 meters)
HEIGHT: 17.16 feet (5.23 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 14,110 pounds (6,400 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 23,369 pounds (10,600 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Rolls-Royce Turbomeca RTM322-01/9 turboshaft engines developing 2,230 shaft horsepower each OR 2 x General Electric T700-T6E turboshaft engines of 2,115hp each while driving four-blade main rotor and four-blade tail rotor.
SPEED (MAX): 186 miles-per-hour (300 kilometers-per-hour; 162 knots)
RANGE: 621 miles (1,000 kilometers; 540 nautical miles)
CEILING: 65,617 feet (20,000 meters; 12.43 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 1,575 feet-per-minute (480 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



Typically none. Door guns supported and special mission versions carry anti-submarine / anti-ship missile weaponry as needed.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• NH90 - Base Series Designation
• NH90 NFH ("NATO Frigate Helicopter") - Navalized variant for ASW and ASuW shipborne role.
• NH90 TTH ("Tactical Transport Helicopter") - Basic transport model; seating for 20 infantry or medical litters or cargo.
• Hkp14 - Swedish military designation of NH90 TTH model
• Hkp14B - Swedish military designation of NH90 NFH model
• MRH-90 "Taipan" - Australian military designation of NH90 TTH model.
• SH-90A - Italian military designation of NH90 NFH model
• UH-90A - Italian military designation of NH90 TTH model


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Airbus Helicopters (NHIndustries) NH90 Medium-Lift Transport / Utility Helicopter.  Entry last updated on 9/26/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The NH90, developed by Eurocopter's helicopter arm NHIndustries (now under the Airbus Helicopters brand label), is a medium-lift multirole platform in service with several of the primary European militaries. It saw a first flight on December 18th, 1995 and was introduced in 2007. Production has been ongoing since 1995 and some 244 units have been completed to date (2015). The NH90 is the first helicopter in history to sport a full fly-by-wire control scheme.

Outwardly, the NH90 is a sleek modern offering. It sits its piloting crew in a side-by-side arrangement at the front of the fuselage, aft of a short nose cone. Vision out-of-the-cockpit is good. The passenger cabin takes up the aft space and is lined with rectangular windows for viewing. A raised tail stem allows a powered cargo ramp to be fitted which allows complete access to the cargo hold within. The main rotor blade is a composite four-bladed system seated low on the fuselage roof. A four-bladed unit, mounted to the portside, makes up the tail rotor installation atop the vertical tail fin. A sole horizontal plane is seated along starboard. The wheeled undercarriage is retractable to preserve aerodynamic quality.

The NH90 can support two engine brands based on customer need / logistics - the Rolls-Royce Turbomeca RTM322-01/9 turboshaft of 2,230 horsepower and the General Electric T700-T6E turboshaft of 2,115 horsepower. The helicopter seats two engine units above the cabin space and, when coupled to the advanced airframe design, allows the NH90 a maximum speed of 185 miles per hour, a range out to 500 miles and a service ceiling of 20,000 feet. A rate-of-climb of 1,575 feet-per-minute is listed.

Internally, the NH90 can seat up to 20 combat-ready troops or up to two NATO-standard cargo pallets. Additionally, there is an underslung cargo load hauling feature that allows another 9,260 lb to be carried externally. For the MEDEVAC role, the cabin fits up to twelve medical litters and staff. If armed for combat zone service, the MH90 supports 7.62mm door guns on trainable mounts for local defense. In the anti-ship / anti-submarine role, missiles or torpedoes can be carried aloft.

Operators of the NH90 system currently (2015) include Australia (as the MRH-90 "Taipan" - detailed elsewhere on this site), Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy (SH-90A/UH-90A), Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Spain and Sweden (as the HKp 14/14b). Both Portugal and Saudi Arabia backed out of orders for the NH90.

There are two primary variants in the NH90 lineup: "NFH" is used to designate "NATO Frigate Helicopters" equipped for the anti-ship / anti-submarine role and are all-weather, day-night hunting platforms. These can also serve in Search and Rescue (SAR), general transport and humanitarian assistance roles. "TTH" is used to mark "Tactical Transport Helicopter" models serving in dedicated transport roles (cargo or personnel). Its covered roles can also include airborne infantry insertion, Electronic Warfare (EW), training, VIP passenger transportation, special operations support and the like.

Operational service of NH90s has not been without issue. There have been ongoing concerns about overall performance to the point that some global forces delayed service entry until issues could be rectified or proven false. Dutch airframes noted excessive wear early on and German concerns focused on hauling capability and weaknesses in the cargo door installation. Spool bending in the turboshaft engines has been noted in both German and Australian operation resulting in the grounding of whole NH90 fleets. Additionally, the Australians have encountered consistent windshield fracturing and deformations of the lightweight cabin floor resulting in forced modifications.




PROGRAM UPDATES

October 2017 - The NH90 is a contender for the new Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) requirement of South Korea. Other contenders are the Leonardo AW159 and Sikorsky MH-60R series.

August 2018 - Qatar has secured a deal for twenty-eight NHIndustries NH90 helicopters. Deliveries will commence in 2022 and run into 2025. Twelve of the lot will be navalized versions (NFH) while the remaining sixteen will be outfitted for general utility/transport roles (TTH).

September 2018 - The Spanish government has green-lighted the acquisition of 23 NHIndustries NH90 transport helicopters, set to bring the Spanish fleet to 45 before the end.
MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 200mph
Lo: 100mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (186mph).

    Graph average of 150 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Airbus Helicopters NH90's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
244
244

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue