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HESA Shahed 129 (Eye-Witness)

Iran (2012)

Detailing the development and operational history of the HESA Shahed 129 (Eye-Witness) Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Reconnaissance / Light Attack Drone.

 Entry last updated on 11/18/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  HESA Shahed 129 (Eye-Witness)  
Picture of HESA Shahed 129 (Eye-Witness) Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Reconnaissance / Light Attack Drone

The HESA Shahed 129 reconnaissance Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle was introduced by Iran during 2012 and is in operational service today.

Iranian industry has been actively involved in development of drone aircraft for some time now - reengineering foreign types as well as evolving all-new indigenous designs with mixed levels of success. The HESA Shahed 129 series is a dual-role platform capable of reconnaissance work and attack. It was developed by the Shahed Aviation Industries Research Center of Iran with production handled by HESA. It appeared during September 2012, remains in active production and may have been procured by the Syrian government for its long-running civil war campaign begun in 2011. The Shahed 129 was debuted in mid-2012.

Externally, the Shahed 129 seems to mimic the form of foreign types like the Israeli Hermes 450 and British Watchkeeper UAVs and can be assumed to offer similar over-battlefield capabilities. A tubular fuselage is used to house the engine, fuel stores, avionics and reconnaissance-minded mission payload. A "blister" assembly housing the primary optics fit is set under the aircraft, aft of the nose section, offering unobstructed 360-degree views. The wings are shoulder-mounted along the fuselage sides and of a straight design with each supporting a single hardpoint. The hardpoints hold a twin-rail launcher to carry up to two Sadid-1 missiles each - giving the Shahed 129 a four-shot capability. The undercarriage is wheeled though fixed in place during flight (as in the American Predator). The tail is made up of two outward-canted vertical fins and the engine drives a three-bladed unit in a "pusher" configuration at rear. The air scoop is noted under the tail.
In practice, the Shahed 129 relies on a Ground Control Station (GCS) for direct-control flying but can also take on pre-set waypoint travel through autonomous flight. Range is limited by the communications technology in play but enough to provide a useful patrolling capability for the Iranian Army and Navy services. Its dual-role (reconnaissance and attack) design allows for active patrolling of a given area and direct- attack capability from a single platform. Missile attacks can focus on land-based targets (such as vehicles and fortifications) as well as sea-borne ones like enemy patrol ships - the latter crucial for maintaining control over Persian Gulf water routes. These traits are all very conventional for a UAV/UCAV of this class.
HESA Shahed 129 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Year: 2012
Status: Active, In-Service
Type: Medium-Altitude, Long-Endurance (MALE) Reconnaissance / Light Attack Drone
Manufacturer(s): Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA) / Shahed Aviation Industries Research Center - Iran
Production: 100
Supported Mission Types
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Airborne Early Warning
Electronic Warfare
Aerial Tanker
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Special Forces
Crew: 0
Width: 34.45 ft (10.50 m)
MTOW: 2,183 lb (990 kg)

Installed Power
1 x Conventional engine driving three-bladed propeller in pusher configuration.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 109 mph (175 kph; 94 kts)
Maximum Range: 186 mi (300 km; 162 nm)
Service Ceiling: 17,995 ft (5,485 m; 3.41 mi)
Rate-of-Climb: 900 ft/min (274 m/min)

4 x Air-to-surface missiles held underwing (two missiles per hardpoint).

Operators List
Iran; Syria

Series Model Variants
• Shahed 129 - Base Series Designation

Supported Weapon Systems