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Wright Flyer

Technology Demonstrator Aircraft

Wright Flyer

Technology Demonstrator Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Wright Brothers completed hundreds of hours of flying when attempting to perfect their heavier-than-air machines.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1903
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Orville and Wilbur Wright (Wrigth Bros) - USA
PRODUCTION: 3
OPERATORS: United States
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Wright Flyer I model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 21.03 feet (6.41 meters)
WIDTH: 40.32 feet (12.29 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 564 pounds (256 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 750 pounds (340 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Wright Brother's water-cooled inline engine developing 12 horsepower and driving 2 x Two-blade propeller units in pusher configuration at rear of airframe.
SPEED (MAX): 30 miles-per-hour (48 kilometers-per-hour; 26 knots)
RANGE: 162 miles (260 kilometers; 140 nautical miles)
CEILING: 30 feet (9 meters; 0.01 miles)




ARMAMENT



None.
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• Wright Flyer I - Appearing in 1903; fitted with 12hp Wright Brother's engine; twin "pusher" propellers.
• Wright Flyer II - Appearing in 1904; revised wings; fitted with 15hp engine.
• Wright Flyer III - Appearing in 1905


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Wright Flyer Technology Demonstrator Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/21/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Though the prospect of manned flight had been around for hundreds, maybe even thousands of years, it would be the Wright Brothers - Orville and Wilbur - that would put theory to practice and produce the first in a series of heavier-than-air aircraft systems capable of sustained flight and pilot-controlled. The Wright Flyers were actually a successive series of aircraft designed from lessons learned in their previous attempts and on that day in Kill Devil Hills of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the Wright Brothers name would forever become synonymous with powered flight.

The Wright Flyers appeared in three forms known simply as the Flyer I, Flyer II and Flyer III, each indicating a successive design based on the previous. The original Flyer I (sometimes known simplify as "Flyer") appeared in 1903 in December and completed four flights with its 12hp Wright-designed engine driving two twin-blade propeller systems turning in opposite directions. The flight lasted only 12 seconds and covered just 120 feet but, 100 hundred years later, the brothers would be celebrated for bringing man in the world of manned aviation.

Flyer II appeared in 1904 and was very similar to Flyer I, though some design changes occurred to the wing structure and a 15hp engine was utilized. Naturally, the one-man Flyer II more in the way of progress as the Wright Brothers began to hone their expertise on creating a controllable system. Some 80 total flights would be achieved with Flyer II.

Flyer III appeared in 1905 and was really the definitive system in the series - anything close to resembling a controlled airborne vehicle. Similar once again to the preceding design (in this case the Flyer II), the Flyer III featured revised pilot controls and, as a result, improved handling and maneuverability. The Flyer III achieved some noteworthy statistics that would include a distance record of some 24 miles in nearly 40 minutes. Flyer III would complete 40 flights.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 50mph
Lo: 25mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (30mph).

    Graph average of 37.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
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  LAX
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  NYC
Graph showcases the Wright Flyer I's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
3
3

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.